Will the US ever use the atomic bomb again?
This question cannot be answered without knowledge of the future.
In August 1945 the US had three (3) atomic bomb weapons. The test bomb nicknamed "the Gadget"( a FAT MAN design type) was detonated at the TRINITY test site at Alamogordo Air Base , NM on 16 July 1945 (blast yield of 18.6 kilotons). Two weapons, code named for the types of bomb designs and not t…he weapons themselves, were a LITTLE BOY ( a MARK 1; bomb L-11) uranium U-235 bomb dropped on Hiroshima on 06 Aug 1945 (blast yield of 12-16 kilotons) called Operation: CENTERBOARD I and a FAT MAN (a MARK 3; bomb Y1561) plutonium Pu-239 bomb dropped on Nagasaki on 09 Aug 1945 (blast yield of 20 kilotons) called Operation: CENTERBOARD II. The third bomb also a FAT MAN (MARK 3) intended for Kokura on 19 Aug 1945 Operation: CENTERBOARD III was not used. Niigata and Yokohama were the next two (2) of the 17 (seventeen) targeted Japanese cities not bombed. Tokyo was considered a target city only of last resort since the Emperor, the Supreme War Council, the Prime Minister and Cabinet, and the Imperial Army and Navy General Staffs would have to survive to order an unconditional surrender. The US had plans to manufacture and assemble one (1) more LITTLE BOY U-235 uranium bomb and up to twelve (12) additional FAT MAN Pu-239 plutonium bombs to drop on the targeted Japanese cities before the invasion of Japan code named Operation: DOWNFALL on 01 Nov 1945, but the surrender of Japan 14 Aug 45 (V-J Day) halted production and assembly of further atomic weapons until the Operation: CROSSROADS tests in June 1946. Sources: Pincher - D. A. Rosenberg 1989 Silverplate Bombers - R. H. Campbell 2005 The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb - G. Alperovitz 1995 Making of the Atomic Bomb - R. Rhodes 1987 The General and the Bomb - W. Lawren 1988 Now It Can Be Told - L. Groves 1983 (MORE)
The US leaders were hoping and praying the Japanese would finally surrender so they would not have to invade Japan. They were trying to prevent the deaths of millions of Japanese, Allied Force warriors including Russian Red Army soldiers. The Japanese Military was not willing to surrender. to def…eat japan quickly and save american lifes (MORE)
Against the Axis powers, of which Japan was part of. (The Bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan).\nThe emperor of Japan at the time was Hirohito, and Hitler was in control of Germany and Europe.
because atom, when split become highly unstable, and in whats called nuclear fission, atoms are divided inot smaller ones, and that on a large scale is devestating.
to help save American lives and 2 end the war because if they didnt the war would have been 8 monthes longer
The reason why the US used the atomic bomb against Japan was that the US wished to bring the war to a more rapid conclusion, in order to avoid giving the Soviet Union the opportunity to invade and take over Japan, as the Soviet Union had already done in Eastern Europe as a by-product of their fight …against the Third Reich. (MORE)
If you are referring to WW2, then the US stopped using atomic bombs on Japan because Japan agreed to surrender . Had they not, the US had plans and production setup to drop a total of 23 atomic bombs on Japan in 1945.
In the history of warfare, only two nuclear weapons have been detonated offensively. The first was at Hiroshima, Japan, and the second was at Nagasaki, Japan. The weapons, the Little Boy and the Fat Man respectively, were dropped by the U.S. There was one nuclear test, the so-called Trinity tes…t , that preceeded these bombings. In that test, the U.S. actually set off a nuclear device for the first time in history. Following that successful test, the other two bombs were built and deployed. (MORE)
STATEMENT BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES Sixteen hours ago an American airplane dropped one bomb onHiroshima and destroyed its usefulness to the enemy. That bomb had more power than 20,000 tons of TNT . It had morethan two thousand times the blast power of the British "Grand Slam"which is t…he largest bomb ever yet used in the history ofwarfare. The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor. They havebeen repaid many fold. And the end is not yet. With this bomb wehave now added a new and revolutionary increase in destruction tosupplement the growing power of our armed forces. In their presentform these bombs are now in production and even more powerful forms are in development. It is an atomic bomb. It is a harnessing of the basic power of theuniverse. The force from which the sun draws its power has beenloosed against those who brought war to the Far East. Before 1939, it was the accepted belief of scientists that it wastheoretically possible to release atomic energy. But no one knewany practical method of doing it. By 1942, however, we knew thatthe Germans were working feverishly to find a way to add atomicenergy to the other engines of war with which they hoped to enslavethe world. But they failed. We may be grateful to Providence thatthe Germans got the V-1's and V-2's late and in limited quantitiesand even more grateful that they did not get the atomic bomb atall. The battle of the laboratories held fateful risks for us as well asthe battles of the air, land, and sea, and we have now won thebattle of the laboratories as we have won the other battles. Beginning in 1940, before Pearl Harbor, scientific knowledge usefulin was pooled between the United States and Great Britain, and manypriceless helps to our victories have come from that arrangement.Under that general policy the research on the atomic bomb wasbegun. With American and British scientists working together weentered the race of discovery against the Germans. The United States had available the large number of scientists of distinction in the many needed areas ofknowledge. It had the tremendous industrial and financial resourcesnecessary for the project and they could be devoted to it withoutundue impairment of other vital war work. In the United States thelaboratory work and the production plants, on which a substantialstart had already been made, would be out of reach of enemybombing, while at that time Britain was exposed to constant airattack and was still threatened with the possibility of invasion.For these reasons Prime Minister Churchill and President Rooseveltagreed that it was wise to carry on the project here. We now havetwo great plants and many lesser works devoted to the production ofatomic power. Employment during peak construction numbered 125,000and over 65,000 individuals are even now engaged in operating theplants. Many have worked there for two and a half years. Few knowwhat they have been producing. They see great quantities ofmaterial going in and they see nothing coming out of these plants,for the physical size of the explosive charge is exceedingly small.We have spent two billion dollars on the greatest scientific gamblein history -- and won. But the greatest marvel is not the size of the enterprise, itssecrecy, nor its cost, but the achievement of scientific brains inputting together infinitely complex pieces of knowledge held bymany men in different fields of science into a workable plan. Andhardly less marvelous has been the capacity of industry to designand of labor to operate, the machines and methods to do thingsnever done before so that the brainchild of many minds came forthin physical shape and performed as it was supposed to do. Bothscience and industry worked under the direction of the UnitedStates Army, which achieved a unique success in managing so diversea problem in the advancement of knowledge in an amazingly shorttime. It is doubtful if such another combination could be gottogether in the world. What has been done is the greatestachievement of organized science in history. It was done underpressure and without failure. We are now prepared to obliterate more rapidly and completely everyproductive enterprise the Japanese have above ground in any city.We shall destroy their docks, their factories, and theircommunications. Let there be no mistake; we shall completelydestroy Japan's power to make war. It was to spare the Japanese people from utter destruction that theultimatum of July 26 was issued at Potsdam . Their leaders promptly rejected that ultimatum. Ifthey do not now accept our terms they may expect a rain of ruinfrom the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth.Behind this air attack will follow sea and land forces in suchnumber that and power as they have not yet seen and with thefighting skill of which they are already well aware. The Secretary of War, who has kept in personal touch with allphases of the project, will immediately make public a statementgiving further details. His statement will give facts concerning the sites at Oak Ridgenear Knoxville, Tennessee, and at Richland, near Pasco, Washington,and an installation near Santa Fe, New Mexico. Although the workersat the sites have been making materials to be used producing thegreatest destructive force in history they have not themselves beenin danger beyond that of many other occupations, for the utmostcare has been taken of their safety. The fact that we can release atomic energy ushers in a new era inman's understanding of nature's forces. Atomic energy may in thefuture supplement the power that now comes from coal, oil, andfalling water, but at present it cannot be produced on a bases tocompete with them commercially. Before that comes there must be along period of intensive research. It has never been the habit ofthe scientists of this country or the policy of this government towithhold from the world scientific knowledge. Normally, therefore,everything about the work with atomic energy would be madepublic. But under the present circumstances it is not intended to divulgethe technical processes of production or all the militaryapplications. Pending further examination of possible methods ofprotecting us and the rest of the world from the danger of suddendestruction. I shall recommend that the Congress of the United States considerpromptly the establishment of an appropriate commission to controlthe production and use of atomic power within the United States. Ishall give further consideration and make further recommendationsto the Congress as to how atomic power can become a powerful andforceful influence towards the maintenance of world peace. Source: Harry S. Truman Library, "Army press notes," box 4, Papersof Eben A. Ayers. (MORE)
The first atom bomb was used in WWII by the US navy, 6th of August 1945
The atomic bomb has been tested in many parts of the world but it was used as a weapon in World War II when one each was dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan.
The US has dropped atomic bombs in 1945 on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Fear that Nazi Germany would make one first and win WW2 using it. It was not until after the end of the war that it was discovered that the German nuclear program was only a very low priority program directed mostly at reactor development.
Before the very scientifically complex atomic bomb, other bombs are just basically tons of explosive stuff jammed into a bombshell, so it wasn't too advanced there.
The stated reason is "to save American lives by ending the war sooner." The real reason is to see what would happen. They could have detonated an atomic device out to sea, near enough to blow Japan's mind without blowing up so many thousands of Japan's civilians. But curiosity overrode any humane qu…alms they had, or should have had. (MORE)
Special Nuclear Materials (Uranium and/or Plutonium) . Protective Coating for Special Nuclear Materials to prevent oxidation (Nickel) . Fusion Fuels (Deuterium and/or Tritium or Lithium-Deuteride) . Conventional Explosives (PBX, TATB, IMX, etc.) . Exploding Wire Detonators (Metal Wire and fast C…onventional Explosive) . Dense Tamper (Depleted Uranium, Lead, Tungsten, etc.) . Pusher (Aluminum) . Fillers (Felt, Styrofoam, Honeycomb-Cardboard, etc.) . Neutron Reflector (Beryllium) . Electronics (Copper wire, Teflon insulation, Silicon chips, Fiberglass-Epoxy boards, Gold, Aluminum, Ceramics, etc.) . Electronic High-Voltage Ion Accelerator Neutron Source (Tritium, Metal, and Glass) . Casing (Steel, Duralumin, Aluminum, etc.) . etc., etc. This is just a sampling of the materials used, they vary widely with the design. I cannot name every chemical used by chemical name because their names are too long. Also some specific details are classified Top Secret-Q .. (MORE)
To defend against the possibility of a Nazi atomic bomb, which ifGermany succeeded in making it Hitler would order it used againstBritain to force them to surrender. It was hoped the US mightcomplete the atomic bomb first, but if not then shortly after sothat Germany might also be attacked with them… in retaliation forattacking England. (MORE)
Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan. It was also tested in the Southwest US and out in the Pacific Ocean.
On August 6, 1945, the first Atomic bomb was dropped on japan.Another was dropped on August 9,1945 which ended WWII. Those arethe only times in the history of warfare that an Atomic weapon wasused.
The decision to use the atomic bomb was made by President Truman. There was never any doubt of that and despite the rising tide of criticism Mr. Truman took full responsibility for his action. Only recently succeeded to the Presidency after the death of Roosevelt and beset by a multitude of problems… of enormous significance for the postwar world, Mr. Truman leaned heavily on the advice of his senior and most trusted advisers on the question of the bomb. But the final decision was his and his alone. Historians have found that there were likely several major reasons why Truman chose to use the atomic bomb (listed below in order of most important to least important): . The Iwo Jima and Okinawa campaigns had proved to be considerably more expensive (in terms of casualties) than prior invasions in the war, and were taken as a sign of the type of resistance that could be expected during the planned invasion of the Japanese Home Islands (Japan proper). Allied planners were predicting a 9 month to 1 year campaign necessary to completely eliminate all Japanese resistance, and casualty (dead, wounded, missing) estimates were 1 million Allied and as many as 10 million Japanese. The atomic bomb offered a quick and (for the U.S.) painless way to win. . The potential post-WW2 conflict between the U.S.S.R. and U.S.A. was already taking form. The U.S.S.R. had just declared war on Japan, and it was looking like they might be able to launch some sort of invasion of the Northern Japanese islands about the same time the U.S. invaded the Southern islands. Thus, any Japanese peace would have required a partitioned Japan (like Germany had been partitioned). So, the quicker the Japanese surrendered, the less influence the U.S.S.R. could claim in Asia. . As a corollary to #2, the atomic bomb would also make a huge geopolitical statement about the overwhelming superiority of the U.S. military, which would be a major benefit in the post-war geopolitical situation; in particular, it was seen as a method to discourage further Soviet expansion and influence. . A significant amount of institutional inertia around such a huge project. The Manhattan Project was by far the most expensive war program undertaken, and, when combined with the associated B-29 program, represented over 1% of the total war weaponry expenditures. To spend that sort of money, and get a successful weapon from it, then NOT to use it would be unthinkable. . A non-trivial amount of "revenge" mentality against the Japanese, as payback for Pearl Harbor and the atrocities that had occurred during the war. In addition, the Japanese were seen in many ways as sub-human, and deserving of any punishment we could met out. (MORE)
When the atomic bomb was finished, Leo Szilard, a scientist in on the Manhattan Project (the Manhattan Project was the code name for the project to build and develop the atomic bomb), made a petition urging the President not to resort the use of atomic bombs in the war unless the news of the bomb ha…d been made open in public and on terms that Japan knows and refuses to surrender. The petition was signed by over 150 scientists in on the project. A counterpetition garners only two signatures. Japan, of course, refused to surrender. The result was the flattening of two major cities in Japan. (MORE)
The only time the US ever used Atomic Bombs was during World War 2 when the first atomic bombs were used. Nowadays, the atomic bombs are kept underground. Nuclear missiles are ready to use in the case of a nuclear warhead being launched at the US by an enemy or unknown foe. There have been thousands… of nuclear warheads disabled since the Cold War ended. (MORE)
The United States was faced with the daunting prospect of invading Japan in order to force a close to World War 2. The Japanese had already shown a willingness to go to incredible lengths to continue the war and to cause destruction to their enemies. The fierce fighting for islands near the Japanese… mainland (Iwo Jima and Okinawa) resulted in a staggering loss of 19,800 American dead and 58,000 wounded. Leaders knew that the losses in undertaking any invasion of the home islands would result in many, many more casualties. Some estimated that American casualties would reach 750,000 in invading Japan. Japanese civilian casualties were not a tremendous concern for American leaders at that time, but they were aware of the huge wave of suicides on Okinawa and of the 100,000+ death toll from the bombing and fires in Tokyo. In this method of calculating, the atomic bombs (if they worked as planned) would actually save lives: hundreds of thousands of American soldiers and sailors, and likely more than a million fewer Japanese civilian deaths. Another viewpoint is that the use of the bomb to shorten the war was essential economically. Four years of war had seriously strained America's finances. The government was not able to borrow any more money. The Treasury was in a panic. If the bomb was able to end the war, the risk of federal bankruptcy would be averted. The economic crisis was suppressed during the war and easy to ignore in history, but was very real at the time. (MORE)
because it will blow your brains out. dude! Science Major: This is just a matter of opinion, but I would say because it killed thousands of innocent people who probably had nothing to do with WWII, and caused massive amounts of destruction.
WWII was a very difficult time; Americans and Australian's were badly mistreated, used as slaves (having to build the 'Death Railway' which the Japanese needed to transport supplies is a good example) and Stalags were not places that you could feel safe from being away from the Russian Front. Infact…, they were probably just as bad as each other. WWII ran from 1939-1945, started by Hitler's need for more land for Germany. Hitler became the fÃ¼hrer (Meaning leader) on August 2 1934. Of course WWII was a very complicated war, so explaining everything in detail would take too long to write. Therefore, we have posted a web address with a very good timeline and a short summary of key events below. New weapons were constanly being made, which led to the invention of the atomic bomb in 1945. The atomic bomb by the name of 'Little Boy' hit the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6 1945. An enormous cloud rose into the air about 9,900 metres high. 70,00 people died, 70,00 people were seriously injured and thousands more were efected in the years afterwards. Japan surrendered a couple of days later, officially ending the war. The atomic bomb was extremely powerful, so this was why it was used. It was also used because it was something the world had never seen before, therefore, it was the perfect weapon to decrease morale (spirit and hope) leading to Japan's surrender. (MORE)
-Reasons to use the Atomic Bomb. Saves lives Saves money Saves time Revenge of Pearl Harbor Keep Russians out of Japan, preventing them from getting Manchuria.
Materials Needed Materials needed to make an atomic bomb are: fissionable material (Plutonium239 isotope) explosive to start the nuclear chain reaction (TNT, Gelignite or semtex) detonator pusher (made from aluminium, beryllium)
The atomic bomb is the most powerful and most terrible weapon. With all the atomic weapons in the world, it's possible to destroy the world three times Uses: The radioactive radiation contaminated the city with a strong radiation. This radiation kills several people. The detonation whirl up a lo…t of dust or water, this dust or water is contaminate radioactive and fly several kilometres up. Then in the first day after the detonation, this radioactive dust or water rain down, back on the earth and contaminate a big floorspace. This rain is the fallout. The head wave come about the gigantic energy, they develop by the detonation. In the detonation centre reach the temperature of several millions degrees centigrade. The head wave takes only a few seconds, but it kill all the people within a radius of 1 or 2 kilometres. Even in a distance of several kilometres get the people unprotected burns. The shock wave destroy all the buildings in a distance of 2 kilometres. Like the head wave, the shock wave takes only a few seconds. The shock wave makes winds with maximum speeds to 1200 km/h. The nuclear electromagnetic pulse is made of extreme strong magnetic fields. The nuclear electromagnetic pulse disturb the radio contacts and destroy the electric devices. (MORE)
maybe but i think they won't because they have to waste about 2million dollars. on the other hand, maybe they will if there'sanother invasion so we really don't know.
Yes. The theory for an atomic bomb was actually proposed by German scientist, Albert Einstein. Robert Oppenheimer led research and development under Manhatten Project . No, the atomic bomb was invented in London England by the Hungarian scientist, Leo Szilard in 1933 as an improved method of tra…nsmuting elements. He got the patent for it in 1934. (MORE)
The first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan ; another on Nagasaki, Japan, 3 days later.
As of August 9, 1945 the US had built a total of 3 atomic bombs and exploded all of them. . As of August 14, 1945 the US had built another bomb which arrived in San Francisco on August 18, 1945; but as Japan was surrendering this bomb was returned to Los Alamos unused. . The US had production plan…s and capability to build another 20 atomic bombs before the end of 1945. . As of the end of Operation Crossroads in the summer of 1946 the US had built a total of 9 atomic bombs and exploded 5 of them. . At the peak of the cold war the US had built several 10s of thousands of atomic bombs, exploded over a 1000 of them in test shots, and stockpiled more than 10000 of them. (Note: this counts only the high yield "strategic" weapons, at the same time the US had stockpiled roughly 30000 low yield "tactical" weapons. these were eliminated in the 1980s.) (MORE)
To destroy its enemies in order to end WW2, without it the war would have gone on a lot longer and more lives would have been lost.
The US has used atomic weapons in war twice, August 1945, Hiroshima Japan and Nagasaki Japan.
many, these are called broken arrows , the code-name for an accident with a nuclear weapon.
There have not been any attacks using atomic bombs or missiles since World War II (as of today, May 4th, 2011). There have however, been many nuclear weapons tests - where controlled explosions have been conducted. Most of these have occurred underground to reduce nuclear fallout.
Further to previous answer,yes Germany & Jaapan were working onit, but it was actually BRITAIN who passed on the research done in 1940 to USA . Called "The Manhattan Project" Britain handed over to the USA in 1941 when they came on side in WW2.The work was carried out by US physicist Oppenheimer at …Los Alamos, New Mexico.After 1 test explosion, the USA dropped their 2 bombs on Japan on 6th & 9th August 1945. (MORE)
The only atomic bombs used against mankind were the ones dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9 1945 which were fueled by uranium and plutonium.
Because the invasion of Japan would have been too costly in terms of human life, and the U.S wanted to see the power of the atomic bomb, that's why he dropped the bomb on a city that wasn't touched by previous bombing.
At the time most people thought it was the right thing to end the war.
The US has never been attacked with nuclear weapons. Only 2 nuclear weapons have ever been used in war- both were dropped on Japan by the US, and ended WW 2. . The US hit itself with plenty in the years of atmospheric nuclear testing from 1945 to 1962. Nevada Test Site shots alone deposited fal…lout on everyone of the 48 continental states as well as parts of canada and mexico. We even built some small towns within the test site specifically for effects tests to see how badly buildings of different construction and glass would be damaged at various distances. (MORE)
Pu-239 . U-235 . U-233 . H-2 . H-3 . Li-6 . Li-7 Many other elements are of course used in the nonnuclear components.
Had we not developed the atom bomb, someone else would have. It's only natural for mankind to exploit our technology, and we were way ahead of the rest of the world. The atom bomb saved maybe a million lives in the Pacific War. Had it not been used there, it would have been used later by us, or the …Soviet Union, or the French. The use of it in Japan, due to it's horror, has been the biggest deterrent of use of atomic, or nuclear (hydrogen)weapons since. By ............... (MORE)
Little boy, the bomb dropped over Hiroshima had uranium as fuel but the other one dropped over Nagasaki was a implosion type plutonium bomb.
There are many different elements involved in the construction of an atomic bomb, but the elements that actually cause an atomic explosion are either uranium (specifically the U 235 isotope) or plutonium.
I believe the use of atom bombs on Japan at the end of WW2 was a justified use. But no similar situation has occurred since, nor is it likely that any circumstances would occur in the foreseeable future in which their use would again be justifiable. However one cannot fully predict future circumstan…ces. (MORE)
The U.S. used the atomic bomb in Japan in 1945 on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
weapon . construction explosive, project plowshare . mining explosive, project plowshare . spaceship propulsion, project orion . etc.
The nuclear bombs used in Japan in the end World Two, were dropped with the warning written in pamphlets dropped days before. The symbol for nuclear danger is a yellow and black which everybody seems to know. It is even in hospitals. Nuclear power plants providing electricity are full of them. One …of the harmful species from nuclear fallout is the radioactive isotope of strontium, 9038Sr. so nuclear or radiation are harmful and the warning sing has to be always placed in those places. (MORE)
when leo szilard invented the neutron chain reaction in 1933 it was used for nothing as it could not yet be built. his 1934 patent on it suggests using it as a more efficient way to transmute elements , other possible uses mentioned were atomic bombs and power reactors . . it was not until 12… years later in 1945 after spending 2 billion dollars (mostly on industrial infrastructure) that the US was able to begin building atomic bombs. . after testing one atomic bomb on july 16, the next 2 atomic bombs were used as weapons in combat against Japan on august 6 and 9. ending ww2. (MORE)