By Congress, primarily in the Judiciary Act of 1789. The exception is the Supreme Court, which was established by the Constitution.
Article 3 of the United States Constitution
by the constitution of America
Congress established the lower federal courts
The federal courts were established by the Constitution. They were established under Article III of the U.S. Constitution which was written by the framers.
By acts of Congress.
Which act established the district and appeals courts
Only federal courts are established by congress.
The Constitution established only one court, the Supreme Court. Article III, Section 1 provided that Congress would establish all the other federal courts as needed.
the federal courts are part of a legal system that includes all the courts and laws in the U.S
Federal Circuit was established by Congress primarily to ?
The Judicary Act of 1789, as amended.
See the Judiciary Act of 1789. Not only did it establish the three tiered structure of the federal court system, but established the supreme court as well. It left the details of lower courts to Congress.
Only federal courts are established by Congress. -Apex