The Investiture Controversy was about the question who was to have the final say in the appointment of bishops, a country's ruler or the Pope. Even in the times before Gregory VII this had been an almost continuous bone of contention. In principle there was no argument that a bishop was first of all an officer of the church and as such he and his appointment fell under the jurisdiction of the Pope.
But there was another side of the matter, the feudal system which was a matter that fell under the king. Many bishops had come to rule large dominions within the king's realm, and very often bisshops had actually been appointed by the king to rule whole counties and cities instead of a count or prince that the king otherwise might have appointed. The reason: the fact that once for instance a count or other "temporal" lord had been appointed, his position almost always became hereditary and it proved hard and most often impossible to remove an unruly or incompetent son. A bishop however had no son to take over, so the king could every time a bishop died choose the best or most loyal (to him) candidate for the job. So basically bishops were at the same time "officers" of the pope and of the king. Most kings felt that they should have the final say in who was next to hold the job, even if the formal appointment was the prerogative of the Pope.
Usually the issue was solved peacefully (and the matter of principle left in the middle) by the king 'proposing' a candidate and the Pope accepting the proposal and formally appointing the king's candidate. In the many instances of a relatively weak Pope the candidate would already be on the job before the Pope had accepted the proposal for a candidate. If there was a strong Pope, it might take a bit of wrangling, but the Pope - being a feudal lord himself in the Papal States in Italy - in the end usually saw the king's legitimate point of view.
In the case of German Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory things came to a head when the Pope denied the Emperor any right to make a 'binding' proposal and by doing so threatened to take away a major part of Germany from the Emperor's authority. Henry's going to Canossa seemed like Henry admitting defeat. Instead it was an astute political move, forcing the Pope to 'forgive' Henry and reinstate his authority in Germany, which Henry used to fight another day. In the end things returned to what they always had been: the Pope making the appointment, the king proposing - or agreeing with - the candidate.
Whether the US knew about it before hand.
pope Gregory VII wanted to change the rules about the religion. Henry IV got angry and thought he can fire pope Gregory VII. Henry got excommunicated from the church. years past, he came back and begged for forgiveness and was back in the church society.
He was poisoned by government officials, and he was shot and beaten by government officials before he was thrown into a river.
I believe it means Before
Henry wanted the right to name new bishops in his kingdom. Gregory stated that only the pope could elevate bishops. It became known as the Lay Investiture Controversy.
An argument went on between Gregory and Henry. This argument was on whether Henry or Gregory should choose the next Bishop. Gregory got rejected by the Roman's on whether he should pick the next Bishop because of Henry. So Gregory "Excommunicated" Henry. Henry then traveled to Italy to apologize to Gregory. Before Gregory forgave him Henry stood out in the snow for three days out side of Gregory's room.
Larry King Live - 1985 Before the Controversy was released on: USA: 16 July 2010
The last pope to resign (before Benedict XVI) was Gregory XII in 1415.
Gregory Hines was engaged to bodybuilder, Negrita Jayde but died before he married her.
Pope Pelagius II was the predecessor of Pope Gregory I, the Great.
Gregory Orfalea has written: 'Before the flames' -- subject(s): Arab Americans, History
Gregory Hanson is the Chief Executive Officer of Hanson Logistics. He has held this position since 2003. Before this position, he was president.
The answer is unsure because if the egg came first then there wouldn't be an egg so if the chicken came first well that sounds like 5% true....
this is a vote - survey in parliament before the PM is appointed by the President. Object is to ensure that the candidate has enough support in the parliament, so he will not face lack of support by parliament or motions of censure etc. Ex. GErman Basic Law, accordingly, president appoints the PM, but before there is vote of investiture - investigating vote. This is not a constitutional obligation, but a political method. ___ I would say - Investiture is a formal vote in the legislature to determine whether a proposed government can take office (Clark et al 2013) Incoming governments need support of a parliamentary majority ( ensure that the candidate has enough support in the parliament.