History of Germany

German history stretches from the Roman Era, colonialism of Africa, to its reunification in 1990. Martin Luther, Ludwig van Beethoven and Adolf Hitler are some of the historically significant persons that came from Germany.

9,330 Questions
Germany in WW2
History of Germany
Adolf Hitler

How did Adolf Hitler die?

With Germany lying in ruins after six devastating years of war, and with defeat imminent, Hitler decided to take his own life. Early on the morning on April 29, 1945, in a civil ceremony in his bunker, Hitler married his mistress of many years, Eva Braun. The next day at a little after 3:30 P.M., they bit into thin glass vials of cyanide. As he did so, Hitler also shot himself in the head with a 7.65 mm Walther pistol. The handful of remaining Nazi faithfuls trooped uneasily into his underground study, surveyed his still-warm remains-slouched on a couch, with blood trickling from the sagging lower jaw, and a gunshot wound in the right temple-and sniffed the bitter-almonds smell hanging in the air.

Wrapped in a gray army blanket, he was carried up to the shell-blasted Chancellery garden. Gasoline was slopped over him in a crater and ignited while his staff hurriedly saluted and backed down into the shelter. Hitler knew that he had lost the war, and knew if he got captured that he would be tortured or killed.

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History of Germany
Germany
Government

How tall is Angela Merkel?

5 ft and 6 inches?

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United States of America
History of Germany
Germany
United States

How big in size is Germany compared to the US?

The area of Germany is 357,021 sq km, or 137,847 sq miles - slightly smaller than Montana.

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History of Germany

What year did Germany surrender to the Allies?

May 7th 1945, between 2:39 and 2:41am

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Germany in WW2
History of Germany
Poland

Is Poland East or West of Germany?

It is neighbouring Germany from the East.

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Germany in WW2
History of Germany
Adolf Hitler

What was going on in Germany before and when Hitler was in power?

That would require a very lenghthy answer, so I would suggest that you read, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich.

Before the rise of HitlerDespite the Treaty of Versailles, reparations and all that, and despite hyperinflation (stabilized late in 1923) the republic established in Germany in 1918-19 was quite successful for a while - against all the odds. In 1928 the Nazis won only 12 out of about 600 seats in the Reichstag and Hitler was widely regarded as a funny little man who ranted and raved like crazy in public!

However, the German economy was more exposed to short term borrowing than any other in Europe in the 1920s, and the effects of the Great Depression caused an almost permanent political crisis from 1930 onwards. From 1930 the country was largely ruled under emergency powers (in other words, by decree). Germany was already deeply divided between Left and Right, and this division rapidly intensified. The situation was made worse by the fact that Germany lacked a conventional, broadly based conservative party, so much of the hardline Right-wing vote went to the Nazis.

By late 1932 many politicians felt that the political structures were deadlocked and that something drastic had to happen to continue the process of government. On the advice of the German Nationalists (the DNVP) and some others, President Hindenburg invited Hitler to form a coalition government of Nationalists and Nazis. At the time it was assumed that the Nazis were the junior partners in the coalition. Within a few weeks Hitler upstaged the DNVP, established a dictatorship (March 1933) and two months later Germany became a one-party state.

Hindsight can distort. It would be wrong to regard the whole period of the Weimar Republic as one long build-up to Nazi rule. Until Germany was hit by the Great Depression, the liberals, moderate socialists (Social Democrats - SPD) and moderate conservatives (DVP) were in the ascendant and formed most of the German governments of the 1920s.

After the Rise of Hitler

When Hitler gained power, the economy stimulated and many jobs were provided. Hitler began working at stopping any possible internal threats.

Hitler slowly began encouraging the discrimination of the Jewish people. Hitler began invading and taking over surround countries, many of which were previously Germany but were lost after World War 1. Hitler's territorial demands grew and grew, even though he made promises to end them. These countries were under-developed and didn't stand a chance. Some of them just gave up, and as in the case of Austria, cheered the invaders more like a parade than a new occupying force.

Hitler then invaded the country of Poland, which although was largely inferior, decided to strongly oppose Hitler and even mounted their small and ancient armies. In one case, Polish soldiers even rode with lances on horses against the revolutionary German Panzer tanks. Even though Poland fell to the invading forces, an alliance of countries (the Allies) jumped to the scene with a declaration of war. This move surprised Hitler, as his high command assured him the allies would not declare war so quickly.

Hitler took a swift victory in France by taking his tanks through the Ardennes around the forces. Hitler then conquered France. Another defeat of this magnitude would have undoubtefully killed the Allies (Note: The Allies did not include the Americans at this time).

Meanwhile, Hitler was not interning Jews in death camps, although he was not purposely killing them yet. They often died of being over-worked, starvation, malnutriton, or various other reasons. Jews from conquered countries were also placed in concentration camps.

Hitler's nation was more enthusiastic than ever at the swift and great victories. Hitler soon took over all of Europe except England, which he left since he could not sufficiently weaken's air force, the RAF.

The war then proceeded to North Africa, where it flip flopped. In December of 1941, America declared war after the bombing of Pearl Harbour. The Allies soon pushed all the way to the end, and the Axis fled North Africa.

At this point, the Nazis began killing off the Jewish people on purpose. Death chambers were established. Prisoners were told they were going to take showers, then killed by the hundreds by poisonus gas. The German people remained strong, as Hitler was ruthless against any comments but 100% patriotic ones.

In 1944, Normandy was invaded. The invasion was successful, and on the Eastern front, Hitler was being pushed back by the Soviets. Soon enough, Hitler was cornered. They tried moving POW's and Jews further away from the on-moving troops. They began killing as many Jews as possible. They even tried destroying documents of proof of what happened. However, it was clear when the troops liberated the camps what had been going on.

The German view at this point was generally very depressed. They felt defeated, and the nation was split in half with the counter-part Soviets. Hitler committed suicide on May 1, 1945.

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World War 1
History of Germany
WW1 Air Warfare

How many aces did the red baron have?

An "ace" was an Allied pilot who shot down five or more enemy planes. The German equivalent was a "Kanone", but a German pilot had to shoot down ten or more to be considered a "Kanone". This was all the invention of newspaper writers.

The Red Baron eventually ran his score up to 80 enemy planes destroyed. Most of his victims were two-seater recon planes. These were not necessarily easy targets, because the observer in the back seat had a machine gun to use in fighting off attacks from the rear. But they were generally slower and less maneuverable than single-seat fighter planes. A true dogfight was between single-seat fighter planes.

One of the Baron's hard-fought victories came over British ace Lanoe Hawker, who had around 11 kills to his credit when he fell before the Baron's guns.

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World War 1
History of Germany
Central Powers

How tall was Kaiser Wilhelm II?

Kaiser wilhelm II was 5 foot and 7 inches

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Cold War
History of Germany
Berlin Wall

Who did the Berlin Wall help?

It didn't really help anybody.

The issue was that after World War II, the Allies divided Germany into administrative zones, with different members of the Allies having responsibility for different zones.

This was done for the country as a whole, and more pertinently, for Berlin specifically.

Berlin happened to be within the Soviet (USSR) administrative zone, but because unlike other cities it was portioned out separately, parts of Berlin ("West Berlin") were administered by countries other than the USSR.

When the Soviet-controlled zone became a separate (communist) country from the rest of Germany, that meant there was a tiny region of democracy within soviet East Germany. (The other zones merged into West Germany. Technically, West Berlin was not actually a part of West Germany but a separate administrative area; however, they behaved in essentially every practical way as if they were part of West Germany, even to the extent of having their legislature vote to approve all laws passed by West Germany without debate.)

Many people decided they'd rather live in a democratic country than a socialist one (that's little-d democratic as in "democracy", not big-d Democratic as in "the Democratic party." Thought I should mention that to make it clear there was an actual difference between the two.).

And, since Berlin was kind of right there, people started streaming in.

The USSR didn't like this, so they built a wall to keep it from happening. (Also, they were somewhat offronted by the very concept of "West Berlin," and hoped they'd be able to basically starve the people into agreeing to become part of East Germany... this didn't work because of the Berlin Airlift, where other countries sent food to West Berlin by plane; the USSR didn't want actual war with other countries, particularly not the US, so while they could and did stop trucks from traveling through East Germany to get to Berlin, they couldn't really just shoot the planes down.)

In the general collapse of the Iron Curtain countries under the weight of Soviet mismanagement in the late 20th century, the wall was mostly torn down and the two Germanies reunited into a single country.

So, temporarily, it helped the Soviets keep control of East Germany and not continually lose people to West Germany, by providing a physical barrier making it harder for them to simply stroll across the border. But in the long run, it was ultimately futile.

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History of Germany
Germany
German Language and Culture
Flags

What does the colors in the German flag represent?

The colours represent the Uniforms of the Lützow Freikorps.The Lützower Freikorps were fighters to free Germany from napoleons occupation. Those fighters were mostly students.

They had black uniforms with red borders and golden buttons.

Those students made flags with the colors black, red and gold in order to demonstrate for freedom and democracy.

Those colors became the symbol of Germany's uprising.

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
History of Germany
Albania
Adolf Hitler

Why did Hitler defend albanians has he consider them as a pure race too?

It is believed that Hitler (or the group behind the name) traced all origins of the Europe population (meaning white race), resulting that it had only 3 sources of true European "blood". The theory is based on the stream of Germanic cultures (Germany, Scandinavians, etc) and Latin cultures (France, Spain, Italy, etc), to make a point, one needs to understand that all those cultures have a Latin based language, and Latin itself is mysteriously birth located in ancient Greece. Greece comes up surprisingly but there was always a lack of connection between present and ancient Greeks, also late researches say that the Latin language was created as a key for enter the Senate or Parliament, in other words, it was only spoken there (call it a political language), meaning that the whole area (from present Greece to Slovenia) must have spoken a different language, this is where Albania comes into part.

Hitler's indirect respect for population came also from German linguistics who were fascinated by the Albanian language and concluded that the language inherits more mystery than it is known, some researches even describe it as a melodically language, and i can confirm from personal experiences, Albanian speaking people can learn any language at least twice faster than any other language speaking person, they do have all the notes and tones a language world wide consists, therefore even Hitler must have been surprised how old this Language could have been.

Also, with all due respect, Hitler contained a good amount of history documentation, for example he had a copy of the Qu'ran which dated back to 800 (AD). He also had documents confirming that Scotland, Ireland, Welsh (all the Anglo culture) have mysterious songs and belief that their ancestors, the Celts, were pushed away from home by the Romans. Now to clear this out, Celts and other small tribes were neighbors of the Illyria, and you don't need more information than the history of war itself to see who co-lived in peace. It was only Rome who always created problems in Europe, meaning that Illyria somehow had relations with the other tribes, which, again, opens a theory that the Ancient Pelasgia must have been split into tribes, tribes like the giant Illyria, Celtics, Traci's, Hellenic's and later Macedonians and Epirots (note, all of these tribes spoke a 99% similar language, and the only language on that area that never died is Albanian).

This answers the race question though nothing remained pure on it due to Ottoman and Slavic offensives (keep in mind, those two cultures have very far away locations from where they keep saying they own land). Unfortunately i cannot answer the DEFEND part since Hitler never defended someone else rather then himself and Germans, but what i can tell you is that he wanted the nationalism of Albanians in Germans, but i must say he misunderstood that nationalism, again let me talk personally, i have never met people more kind and hospital than Albanians, they define Patriotism/Nationalism in such a peaceful way but only due to being remembered and having a safe future, they are people who would never ever declare war nor hurt other nations, i am very proud of having children with half of their DNA from their Albanian mother.

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History, Politics & Society
History of Germany
Famous People
Bill Gates

Who are famous lunatics?

Howard Hughs

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History of Germany

What was Hitler's impact on Germany?

The country is associated with causing World War 2 and with the carrying out the Holocaust. He was warned, politely, that he would bring Germany into disrepute and that future generations wouldn't thank him, but the man who warned him (Armin T Wegner) was seized by the Gestapo and sent from one concentration camp to another, having to undergo the 'initiation rituals' again and further vicious beatings, at each new camp ...

Answersadness religions falling
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World War 2
History of Germany
Germany

When did Germany unify as a country?

1871

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Germany in WW2
History of Germany
Adolf Hitler

How did Adolf Hitler rise to power?

Adolf Hitler rose to power when he was released from jail, becoming the spokesperson for the poor and nationalistic German. He then became Chancellor and brought the Nazi Party to power and enforced his rules and laws.

Hitler was a brilliant speaker and politician (however he was disorganized). He was a driven, unstable man, who believed that he had been called by God to become the dictator of Germany and rule the world. This kept him going when other people might have given up. His self-belief persuaded people to believe in him. However, I do not think it was solely the brilliance of Hitler's leadership which brought the Nazis to Power.

The Treaty of Versailles, which was a peace settlement in which the Germans had no choice and were forced to sign after WW1, was an important reason why the Nazis came to power. The German general public were so angry over the Treaty and found it hard to accept the terms of it because it became a symbol of Germany's humiliation and defeat. This made the new Weimar government, who signed the Treaty, extremely unpopular and there was a lot of opposition to the government. Deep anger about the First World War and the Treaty of Versailles created an underlying bitterness to which Hitler's viciousness and expansionism appealed, so they gave him support. Hitler promised to get rid of the Treaty.

After the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the US called in its loans to Germany, and the German economy collapsed. The Number of unemployed grew; people starved on the streets. In the crisis, people wanted someone to blame, and looked to extreme solutions - Hitler offered them both, and Nazi success in the elections grew. Germans turned to Nazism because they were desperate. The number of Nazi seats in the Reichstag rose from 12 in 1928 to 230 in July 1932. To Hitler, this depression was like a gift because for every problem the Nazi Party had come up with an explanation or promise.

These included; promise to get rid of the hated Weimar government and replace it with a strong leader-Hitler, a promise to get people back to work on road building and public works, and a promise to deal with a communist take-over. In a time of chaos (the depression) people chose to support Hitler because of his discipline and his promises he inflicted on the German general public. The organization of the Weimar government also helped Hitler's rise to power because of its many weaknesses; it had many enemies, it had proportional representation.

Article 48, the president had too much power and the states could be hostile to the national government. Most importantly the proportional representation helped Hitler. Proportional representation meant that the governments had to be coalitions. In November 1932, Hitler, in the Reichstag elections, the Nazi Party won 37.3% of the votes (230 seats) proving the Nazi party to be the most popular party. President Hindenburg however, despised Hitler and appointed Franz Von Papen as his chancellor.

General Von Schleicher stopped supporting Von Papen and decided he himself should become chancellor. This triggered off a power struggle between Von Schleicher and Von Papen, which ended up with them handing power to Hitler.

In the end I do not think Hitler took power at all- he was mostly given it! Hitler was not elected to the position of Chancellor in Germany. He was chosen by von Hindenburg because he had more popular support than the current Chancellor, Von Schleicher (Who only was chancellor for a short time before being forced to resign). Hitler come to power in many ways. He promised to undo the Versailles Treaty which Germany had to reparation to England and France. He also promised to to restore hope and the deal with the depression. Hitler also blamed the Jews for inflicting tragedy to Germany. Hitler was not elected , indeed he had the largest party in the reichstag but as unable to form the majority needed to become chancellor. His ascension to Premiership was due to a bitter feud between the chancellor von Papen and the army general von Schleicher. Von Schleicher declared that Von Papen had no army support and so was sacked and Von Schleicher appointed but Von Schleicher had no popular support. Meanwhile Von Papen with the support of Hindenburg's son convinced the president to make Hitler chancellor and make him Vice chancellor as Hitler had popular support. Hitler came to power as chancellor and after the death of Hindenburg he managed to pass the "enabling Act " through bribing other parties or terrorizing them. This enabling act made him legal dictator of Germany for the next 4 years. Hitler was legally elected by the German people in a legitimate election November 1932. The Nazi Party won 34.1% (a drop of 4.2% since the previous election in July 1932) of the vote, largest of any of the parties in the election. The German people had lost faith in the parties of the political center because Germany had suffered great hardships during the 1920s and was hit even harder by the Great Depression which started in 1929. The German people had lost faith in the democratic process and wanted firm leadership. They knew full well that the Nazis wanted to establish a dictatorship (so did the communists). Thus, in the election of November 1932, the German electorate polarized to the extreme right and extreme left (the communist and socialist had a strong showing during this election). Hitler obtained the support of the German Nationalist Party, another right-wing party, which had won about 8.5% of the vote and was able to form a coalition government. President Hindenburg approved the arrangement and Hitler became Chancellor. Franz von Papen, a former chancellor and a leader of the Nationalist Party, became Vice Chancellor. The cabinet posts were divided with the Nationalists getting more posts than the Nazis. Hitler came to power in 1933 in Germany, Hitler and the Nazi party changed Germany completely, not for better, but for worse. He killed many innocent people and scared many peoples life's with horrid images. We learn about these events to educate people and show them, what happened shouldn't have happened, but we have to insure it doesn't happen again.

There are many reasons why Hitler come have come to power. Germany had just been through a war and had lost. The Treaty of Versailles made a contract for Germany which made living in Germany very hard. The people of Germany were poor and were upset with the Treaty. They wanted someone to help them out of the hole they were in.

Hitler offered them everything they wanted, the people of Germany were brainwashed with posters, radio, newspapers and leaflets. Hitler's speeches were strong and effective, the Germans liked the idea of having one strong leader. The Nazis were organised and people liked that.

Adolf Hitler never won a single election. The Nazi party had the most representatives in the Reichstag after the 1932 elections, but not a majority; it wasn't a two-party system. Hitler had run for president and lost, and he himself was never a member of the Reichstag. As leader of the most powerful party, he was named Chancellor. The Treaty of Versailles was very harsh on Germany, but they had been the aggressors in WW I, invading Belgium in 1914 as part of the Schlieffen Plan to attack France. Hitler and others promulgated a number of scapegoat myths, claiming that Germany had been sold out by the Jews and the Communists and also by Kaiser Wilhelm, who abdicated in 1918. The German military, with its aristocratic officer corps, could never admit that it had been beaten, nor could the German people, but in fact the army had sued for peace when the high command realized they needed 15,000 new recruits every month to continue fighting, but could only muster about 12,000. In four years of devastating trench warfare, they had run out of young men. To a defeated, demoralized Germany struggling through an extraordinary economic depression, Hitler seemed like a savior.

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VW New Beetle
World War 1
History of Germany
Example Sentences

What are mandates?

A mandate is when the federal government forces that states to comply to something they want done.

For example: When the federal government wanted to raise the drinking age to 21 years old there was a state (Michigan i think) that refused. The government then said that they would not give them the money to pay for a project they needed to complete, but the state said they did not care, they would not raise the drinking age. then the government said they did not care what the state thought, they would have to raise the drinking age, no matter what.

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The Bible
History of Germany
Bible Statistics and History

What is the significance of the number 21 in the Bible?

In numbers 21 it is God destroying the land and saving those who are worthy.

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World War 2
Germany in WW2
History of Germany

What was the reichswehr?

the 100 000 man German army of the weimar republic

___

The Reichswehr was the name of the German armed forces (as a whole) from 1919-1936, when they were renamed the Wehrmacht.

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Holocaust
History of Germany
Judaism
Anti-Semitism

Was one of the reasons for Hitler's hatred for the Jews caused by the death of his mother while in the hands of a Jewish doctor?

Hitler hated the Jews for a lot of reasons. One was because he thought they had "back-stabbed" Germany during WW1.

Most unlikely. His mother died in 1907 and, according to Ian Kershaw's highly acclaimed biography, the first evidence of real antisemitism on Hitler's part dates from 1916.

I've read that Hitler was actually quite grateful to the Jewish doctor who treated his mother, additionally, he allowed the doctor to escape Nazi Germany unscathed later on. I think that if he was that angry at the doctor, he probably would have had him sent to a concentration camp.

See the related questions.

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Germany in WW2
History of Germany

What was the Nazi policy of autarky?

Autarky means economic self-sufficiency. Throughout World War 2 Germany had major problems with food, oil, rubber and several metals, as these commodities could not be imported. The Nazi regime spent vast sums of money on industrial plants for producing substitutes, especially oil from coal.

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World War 2
Germany in WW2
History of Germany

What were the First and Second Reichs?

The First Reich was the Holy Roman Empire. Various dates are given for its foundation. The date preferred by most German historians is the coronation of Otto I in 962. In a rather shadowy form this empire remained in existence till 1806. It was often said that it was 'neither holy, nor Roman, nor an empire'.

The Second Reich was the united Germany created by Bismarck and Prussia in 1871. This lasted up until the end of the First World War and the fall of the last German Kaiser, hence Hitlers idea for a 1000-year 'Third Reich'.

AnswerI believe that the first Reich refers to the establishment of the Holy Roman Empire in the 9th century was Charles the Great. The Second Reich was the unification of Germany under the Prussian Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1870. Of course, we all know what the Third Reich was. AnswerThe First Reich was the Holy Roman Empire. There is little agreement as to when it was founded. Most German historians date the foundation from the coronation of Otto I in 962. That 'empire' had a continuous existence till 1806. The Second Reich was created by Bismarck in 1871 and lasted till 1918.
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Germany in WW2
History of Germany
Adolf Hitler

How old was Adolf Hitler when he died?

He was 56 years old when he ended his life.

  • Adolf Hitler was born April 20, 1889, in Braunau am Inn, a small town in Austria on the Austrian-Bavarian border.
  • He became dictator in 1933 when he was 44.
  • When Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, Hitler was 50 years old.
  • Germany lost the war in 1945 to Russian, American British and Canadian troops and Hitler killed himself on April 30th, 1945 in his bunker quarters.
  • His last birthday was April 20, 1945, and it was his 56th. He killed himself 10 days later.
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History of Germany
Dog Behavior
English to German

What did Germans in the early 1900s do for fun?

Pretty much what the Britons and Americans were doing. They were all developed societies, so therefore the upper class would have been hunting, joining rowing clubs, having picnics. And the lower classes would have been getting drunk and gambling in bars/ale houses. Ever been to Munich? It has the most brewerys in any one city in the world. Most of them were probably in existence at the time.

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History of Germany
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

What impact did the Treaty of Versailles have on Germany?

The Treaty devastated Germany. It limited the army, squashed nationial pride and forced them to pay reparations that were outrageous and impossible to pay in the state Germany was in.

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History of Germany

What did the spartacists do?

They inspired the Russian Revolution and their uprising highlighted the instability of the Wiemar Republic

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