Berlin Wall

The Berlin wall divided East and West Berlin. It represented the split in both the country of Germany and the division of Europe into two distinct armed camps.

Cold War
History of Germany
Berlin Wall

Who did the Berlin Wall help?

It didn't really help anybody.

The issue was that after World War II, the Allies divided Germany into administrative zones, with different members of the Allies having responsibility for different zones.

This was done for the country as a whole, and more pertinently, for Berlin specifically.

Berlin happened to be within the Soviet (USSR) administrative zone, but because unlike other cities it was portioned out separately, parts of Berlin ("West Berlin") were administered by countries other than the USSR.

When the Soviet-controlled zone became a separate (communist) country from the rest of Germany, that meant there was a tiny region of democracy within soviet East Germany. (The other zones merged into West Germany. Technically, West Berlin was not actually a part of West Germany but a separate administrative area; however, they behaved in essentially every practical way as if they were part of West Germany, even to the extent of having their legislature vote to approve all laws passed by West Germany without debate.)

Many people decided they'd rather live in a democratic country than a socialist one (that's little-d democratic as in "democracy", not big-d Democratic as in "the Democratic party." Thought I should mention that to make it clear there was an actual difference between the two.).

And, since Berlin was kind of right there, people started streaming in.

The USSR didn't like this, so they built a wall to keep it from happening. (Also, they were somewhat offronted by the very concept of "West Berlin," and hoped they'd be able to basically starve the people into agreeing to become part of East Germany... this didn't work because of the Berlin Airlift, where other countries sent food to West Berlin by plane; the USSR didn't want actual war with other countries, particularly not the US, so while they could and did stop trucks from traveling through East Germany to get to Berlin, they couldn't really just shoot the planes down.)

In the general collapse of the Iron Curtain countries under the weight of Soviet mismanagement in the late 20th century, the wall was mostly torn down and the two Germanies reunited into a single country.

So, temporarily, it helped the Soviets keep control of East Germany and not continually lose people to West Germany, by providing a physical barrier making it harder for them to simply stroll across the border. But in the long run, it was ultimately futile.

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Berlin Wall

What were other countries views on the Berlin Wall?

Not sure...

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Berlin Wall

When did the Berlin Wall in Germany exist?

Construction of the wall began on August 13, 1961. Demolition began on November 9, 1989.

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Politics and Government
Cold War
Berlin Wall

What is an Iron Curtain country?

An "Iron Curtain" country was a Communist country in Europe. These included the Soviet Union, Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. Except for Yugoslavia, all these countries were members of the Warsaw Pact.

Iron curtain was a metaphor coined by Winston Churchill to describe the division between the free countries of Western Europe and those of Eastern Europe which were dominated by the Soviet Union under communism. I suppose that an iron curtain country would be one which was behind that curtain, i.e. in Eastern Europe. Some of those would be Poland, Romania, East Germany, and the Soviet Union itself.

The Iron Curtain countries were also known as the Eastern Bloc. Added to the countries above should be Czechoslovakia ( now the Czech Rep. and Slovakian rep.) Bulgaria and Hungary. These communist countries established the Warsaw Pact in opposition to NATO. Though not formally part of either the Eastern Bloc or Warsaw Pact Albania was beyond the Iron Curtain. Whilst Communist, Yugoslavia refused to align with Stalin's wishes, and so distanced itself from the USSR and the Warsaw Pact/Eastern Bloc states.

The Iron Curtain marked the political division of Europe for the forty years or so following the end of WW2 and roughly followed the furthest point of advance by the Allied armies eastwards and the Red army westwards. Basically, where the armies stopped marked the split in Europe. The exception to this being Austria which was mostly liberated by the Red Army who then withdrew in the 1950's. So it was also the physical division of Europe into two spheres - the division marked by a fortified border between east and west making traveling between the two for ordinary people almost impossible. Nowhere was this more visible than in Berlin where a wall separated east and west (often dividing streets and even apartment blocks). Desperate to be free of communist oppression many East Germans tried to cross to the west over the wall. Most were shot in the process.

Ironically, the spontaneous dismantling of the Berlin Wall by east Berliners in 1989 led to the rapid collapse of the communist system in Europe.

The beginning of the end of communism in Eastern Europe wasn't the opening of the Berlin Wall, but rather two events that happened in Hungary in 1989. In June, the Hungarian border command was reduced to a very small unit (something like a Western country's immigration service, rather than a full-blown Communist-style border-sealing unit) and they removed the barbed wire along the Austro-Hungarian border. This was mostly symbolic since the Hungarian premier had granted Hungarians full freedom of travel and started to move toward a democratic form of government, but it brought on the second act, which was NOT symbolic. Under Warsaw Pact rules, citizens of any Warsaw Pact country could travel to any other Warsaw Pact country. After the barbed wire was removed, a lot of East Germans figured they could go through Hungary, which was still a Warsaw Pact nation, to get to West Germany. When the East Bloc was still in operation, any East German who managed to escape to West Germany or the western sectors of Berlin was granted immediate West German citizenship. In September 1989, the Hungarian government announced they'd allow any Warsaw Pact resident to cross the Austro-Hungarian border. Next thing the DDR knew, all its best and brightest were in West Germany. The DDR complained, of course, only to be told by the Hungarians it wasn't the Hungarians' problem the East German government was still a bunch of commie bastards. The DDR government eventually got rid of its major stumbling block to liberalization by firing its dictator Erich Honecker, and the rest is history.

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Berlin Wall
Berlin

How did people of west Berlin leave East Germany?

Airplane, train, or transit road.

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Berlin Wall

What did the Berlin Wall symbolize when it stood?

Soviet presence in Germany, the rise of Communism after WWII, separation of the German people, you get the idea.

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Cold War
History of Germany
Berlin Wall

How is the Berlin Wall and iron curtain alike?

They were both a separation of West and East; the Berlin Wall was seen as the 'physical' Iron Curtain that Winston Churchill had spoken of in his speech.

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Germany in WW2
History of Germany
Berlin Wall

How was the Berlin Wall resolved?

The Berlin wall was resolved by a croud of people who went on for days tearing the wall down.

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Painting and Watercolors
Berlin Wall
Nomadic People

Why do people paint?

Painting can be fun, or a challenge, and those who are better at it can make a living from various forms of art.

Painting is a release of creative energy, and it also helps calm and relax your body.

(but once started it can become very, very addictive - you were warned)

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US Civil War
Cold War
Berlin Wall

Why did the Cold War affect so many people?

The major reason it affected so many people was the propoganda machine. They scared the crap out of the American people. The cold war also brought upon the fear of nuclear weapons being used to blow up the United States of America or even the world. A nuclear holocaust. There was a general fear of communism created by propoganda which effected Americans through all aspects of media: radio, news, movies, cartoons, etc. you name it, and the anti-communism sentiment was included in all media outlets.

I'll add that this was NOT simply an American problem. Nuclear war would have killed the entire planet eventually. That tends to get EVERYBODY'S attention, worldwide.

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Cold War
History of Germany
Berlin Wall

When did the Berlin Wall fall?

The Berlin Wall is considered to have "fallen" in 1989. Border crossing points all along the wall were opened to anyone who wanted to cross on 9 November 1989, following the conclusion of an international press conference in East Berlin, when greater freedom of travel was announced for people of the German Democratic Republic (prior to this date, East Germans were only allowed to enter the West under strict conditions). Earlier that evening, the East German government spokesman, GΓΌnther Schabowski, had announced on TV that East Germans would be allowed to travel abroad freely but didn't announce the date when this would come into effect. A huge crowd gathered in Unter den Linden in East Berlin and simply demanded the right to cross into West Berlin. The guards at the Brandenburg Gate were at a loss as to what to do. In the end they decided to let people cross over and merely put a rubber stamp in their passports. Then the number reached the point where even that was no longer possible. The official demolition of the Berlin wall began on 13 June 1990, and was undertaken by former East German border guards under a democratically elected government.

(Note. Since 4 September 1989 there had been huge demonstrations (so-called Monday Demonstrations) against political repression and the regime demanding a wide range of reforms. The protest crystallized round the right to travel abroad. Until 9 November 1989 one could only travel to the West with the permission of the authorities).

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History, Politics & Society
Holidays and Traditions
History of Germany
Berlin Wall

What side of the Berlin was was communist east or west?

East was communist and run by the Soviets. The West side was run by the Allies and remained free of Communism.

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Home Improvement
History of China
Great Wall of China
Berlin Wall

What exactly is a feature wall?

A feature wall,is an area of your room that stands out. It can be done in bold colours and patterns, and does not make the room seem too over-powered. You can decorate feature wall in same colours as accessories that you will be using in the room.

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Cold War
History of Germany
Berlin Wall

What effect did the Berlin wall have on Germany?

The Berlin Wall divided East Berlin from West Berlin, walling in the Germans on the Eastern side so that they could not flee to the West and escape communism. The enabled the Soviet-controlled East German government to be even more oppressive. The conditions in the East continued to deteriorate while conditions in the West continued to improve. Much more could be said, but that's a quick answer. Perhaps someone else can add more. Actually, the above isn't strictly true. After the Berlin wall was built, Eastern Germany began to prosper because all of the skilled labour force had to remain on the Eastern side. Wester Germany did not benefit because of the above too. Their workforce was severely hindered. APEX_Western plans to create an independent West Germany

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Holocaust
Germany in WW2
Berlin Wall

What happened to children in the Holocaust?

They were murdered along with their parents. 1.5 million children were killed in the Holocaust.

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They were treated like ther parents, they were beaten and tortured and or sent camps.

It depends. Most children were killed in gas chambers, but if the Nazi's had a certain job for the child to do, they would do it. For example, in 'The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas', a young child was used to clean the glasses in the soldiers houses because his fingers were small enough to get inside.

Most of them were killed in the gas chambers, while others died of starvation, abuse, and disease.
Many children were killed by the Nazis as part of their genocidal plans.

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History of Germany
Berlin Wall

How did Germany after the Berlin Wall go down?

The reunification of Germany into the BRD (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) and the collapse of the Soviet Union brought unprecedented growth to the country. However there is still stigma associated with East Germans, derogatorily referred to as 'Ossis' (Easterners). East Germans are still discriminated against, East Germany is still behind the West, and many nowadays believe that perhaps the country was better off divided.

656667
Home Improvement
Building and Carpentry
Berlin Wall

How much does it cost to tear down a wall?

This depends on if it is a load bearing wall or not. If it is load bearing, it supports the roof or higher story and cannot simply be taken out. Jacks must be installed before the wall is removed, and something else must be built in its place to handle the weight. If you don't do this you will regret it. With all the proper equipment this can be expensive, and depends on the job. If it is not a load bearing wall, not nearly as much. Removing a non-load bearing wall is a matter of removing any mechanical fixtures (lights/outlets/plumbing/heating), knocking the wall down, and then patching the hole where the wall itself was to blend the now joined room. It it is just a wall, I'd say around $20 for a sledge + paint & plaster. Please check that it isn't load bearing first, though. If you succeed in knocking out a load beaing wall your house may collapse. At the minimum you will do severe damage to the now bearing walls as the house settles into its new position.

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Cold War
Great Wall of China
Berlin Wall

In what year was the Berlin Wall built?

It was built (or rather, started) on 13 August 1961. Construction of the Berlin Wall started on 13 August 1961. It separated East and West Berlin and plugged the last 'gap' in the Iron Curtain which divided Europe into two blocs. It remained in place till 9 November 1989. == ==

For more detail, see here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Wall and the external links from that page. Although East Germany was already sealed off from West Germany, Berlin had an "open" border.

In 1961, East Germany closed the border and built the Wall dividing West Berlin from East Berlin. The area of East Berlin was the Sovjet zone, while West Berlin was compounded of the French, British and U.S. zones.

The Eastern Bloc, under the control of the USSR, fell in 1989, as did the infamous Wall". The next year, Germany celebrated Reunification (Oct. 3, 1990)

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Cold War
History of Germany
Berlin Wall

What was the significance of the Berlin Wall falling?

When the wall fell it ended the Cold War. Communism was no more in Eastern Europe, namely in Germany. It was greatly significant to the Berlin people, particularly those in East Berlin, because when the wall went up, it cut off East Berliners' only chance of escape to a better life apart from Communistic rule. West Berlin was quickly becoming one of the best European cities once again, while East Berlin had gone downhill drastically: economically, spiritually, and politically. When the wall fell it meant that the people of Berlin could once again be a whole city. West and East combined to make the complete city of Berlin once more. Although East Berlin has still not caught up completely to it's much wealthier and attractive counterpart in the West, the West has given greatly to its cause. It is becoming much easier to find jobs and a good home in East Berlin than it ever was, or was close to becoming when Communism ruled there. After the wall fell, many young people, and young families moved back into the city to start a new life, as well as many artsists of all kinds. There are still those in the East that wish communism was still there, but they are very much the minority. There is also still tension between the West and East due to how much the West has had to give up to help it's other half regain its health. Those in the West are still called Wessies and the Eastern Berliners are still called Ossies. There is now a double brick line on the streets of Berlin that traces where the wall once stood around West Berlin, as well as segments of the wall that still remain standing as a testament to what once happened in such a great city.

It marked the end of the Cold War in Europe.

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Cold War
History of Germany
Berlin Wall

Before the Berlin Wall went up could people cross freely into and out of East and West Berlin?

Before the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, one could move freely throughout Greater Berlin (Gross-Berlin). There were no physical barriers, and people living in the Soviet sector could cross into the Western sectors. In principle, one could be stopped by customs officials but it hardly ever happened. There were a few residents of East Berlin who worked in West Berlin and vice versa. Berlin was, in effect, a gap in the Iron Curtain. Moreover, there was no barrier between East Berlin and the rest of East Germany. Westerners were, however, not supposed to go beyond East Berlin.

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History of Germany
Berlin Wall

How did the Berlin Wall impact West Berlin?

Impact of Berlin Wall on West BerlinAs a result of the Berlin Wall, West Berlin became a kind of 'island'. The two million West Berliners were unable to visit the surrounding area unless they had special permission, which was often difficult to get. West Berlin was part of the free world.
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Cold War
Berlin Wall

When was the division of Berlin decided?

The division of Germany and of Berlin was originally meant to be temporary. In 1947, Western leaders began planning for the creation of an independent democratic German nation. They also planned to establish a democratic government in West Berlin, which was deep inside the Soviet zone.

In June 1948, the Soviets blocked off all land, rail, and water routes into West Berlin. As a result, Berlin's 2 million residents were cut off from receiving vital supplies. The Soviets hoped this blockade would force the West to leave Berlin.

Western leaders then organized the Berlin airlift, a massive effort to supply West Berlin by air. This turned out to be a success, and the Soviets called off the blockade of Berlin in May 1949.

Within days of the end of this crisis, the Federal Republic of Germany, commonly called West Germany was formed. A few months later, the Soviet controlled area became the German Democratic Republic, or East Germany.

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Berlin Wall

Where was Frankfurt when the Berlin Wall was up?

West Germany

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Birthdays
Berlin Wall
Construction

When was the construction of the Berlin Wall started?

August 13, 1961 and fell down in October 14 1989. Further information: The construction of the Berlin Wall began during the Cold War. Overnight on 13 August 1961, the East and Western halves of Berlin were separated by barbed wire fences up to 1.83 metres high. Over the next few days, troops began to replace the barbed wire with permanent concrete blocks, reaching up to 3.6m high. The government suthorities deemed it necessary to stop the influx of people moving from the eastern sector of Berlin into the free West. The wall began to come down around midnight on 9 November 1989, following the conclusion of an international press conference in East Berlin, when greater freedom of travel was announced for people of the German Democratic Republic. The official demolition of the Berlin wall began on 13 June 1990, and was undertaken by former East German border guards under a democratically elected government.

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Berlin Wall

Who were Germany's allies during the Berlin Wall time period?

In 1949 the Western Allies established the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, aka as West Germany) and a few months later the Soviet Union set up the German Democratic Republic (GDR, aka as East Germany). Very quickly the two Germanies were integrated with their respective blocs. In the mid 1950s the FRG became a member of NATO and the GDR became a member of the Warsaw Pact. This should answer the question about allies. Within 11 months of the Fall of the Wall, the two Germanies reunited with the approval of the West and East in October 1990. Joncey

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