Can a collections agency issue a warrant for arrest for a credit card debt?

No they can not issue a warrant for your arrest. Any collection agency that does should be reported immediately to the proper authorities. They will be fined and will lose their license to collect.

However, collection agencies can refer your debt to a law firm that specializes in civil claims regarding credit card debt.

Those firms can in turn send notices that threaten to file civil suits in a court that covers your city.