If the creditor wins a lawsuit judgment against the debtor he may be able to execute it against a vehicle belonging to the debtor defendant. States establish vehicle exemption which are to be used to prevent a forced sale by a judgment creditor. Judgment creditors however rarely take such action, as the seizure and sale of a vehicle is complicated and seldom worth the effort needed. Creditors prefer to execute a judgment as wage garnishment, bank account levy or a lien against real property as means to recover debts owed.
Not if it is 100% financed or on a lease. A judgment creditor can force you to sell it for its market value, pay the lender what is due on the loan and take the rest.
If you sell a car you owe a creditor a balance on, you pay the creditor the amount you owe him in order to get the title to the vehicle to turn over to your buyer. Anything over the balance owed to the creditor is yours to keep, assuming you sold it for more than you owed on it. If you sold it for less than you owe on it you will have to pay the additional amount out of your pocket to get the title.
You can sell it but you need to obtain enough to pay off you creditor so you can obtain title and change it over to new owner.
Question is not clear -however- - a creditor on some other debt cannot legally seuze your car in paymnet of HIS loan. The reason being - you do not actually own the car. It is owned by the creditor who holds the car loan. If this is what happened to you - notify the police and your car creditor immediately!
Generally, your creditor has legal authority to seize your car as soon as you default on your loan. Once you are in default, your creditor may repossess your car at any time without prior notice and may come onto your property to do so. However, the creditor may not commit a "breach of the peace" by using physical force or threats of force. If this occurs, your creditor may be required to pay a penalty or compensate you for any harm done to you or your property.
In a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, a secured creditor has the right to repossess any secured property and sell it. However, if the car does not bring enough at the sale to pay off the entire loan and cost of repo, the automatic stay prohibits the creditor from pursuing this deficiency balance.
Unfortunately yes what the bank or creditor will do is sell the car most likely at auction for "X" amount. you end up liable for the difference between what they sell it for and the remaining balance of the loan.
If you don't reaffirm the debt, then the creditor has the right to repossess the car and sell it at auction to recover the debt owed to them, irregardless of what equity that you've paid. If you wished to keep the car, then you should have demanded that your attorney reaffirm the debt with that particular creditor.
If Your creditor get a judgment against you they can sell what property you have to pay the debt. So the answer is Yes.
Until they find it. If it is charged off on your credit report then the creditor sold the note to a collection agency who will hire a repo-man to track down the car so they can recover it and sell it to make the money back that they paid to creditor for it.
Unless you are a creditor, I assume you mean can you surrender a car to the lender in a voluntary repossession. If the creditor will do it, you can. Obviously it will depend on the mileage and condition of the car, but these days it is complicated by the state of the economy, so not likely. You can surrender the vehicle in a Chapter 7, where the creditor has no choice.