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The Hebrew word Chug (חוג) means a flat-circle like a coin as you said. The Hebrew word for a sphere like a ball is Dur (דור).

He will surely violently turn and toss thee like a ball (Dur) into a large country: there shalt thou die, and there the chariots of thy glory shall be the shame of thy lord's house. (Isaiah 22:18)

AnswerThe Hebrew language lacked a specific term for sphere as well as terminology for infinite space. The word Chug, as described above and as used, in context with other words in Isaiah cannot be used to prove that The Bible teaches a flat earth.

Duwr is not exclusively a word for sphere.

Is. 29:3 And I will camp against thee round about, and will lay siege against thee with a mount, and I will raise forts against thee.

Obviously the soldier would not camp around a sphere but encircle the city.

Addition:

The root of chûgh (or chug) is mentioned six times in the bible, and it is quite evident from its usage, in context, that it refers to a specific geometrical shape; "A circle as drawn with a compass" or "encompassed".

  • In Job 26:10 and Prov. 8:27, chûgh is used with choq, intending "to inscribe a circle." This nominal infinitive form also appears in Job 22:14, when signifying "the circle of the heavens"
  • In Isa. 40:22, where it denotes "the circle of the earth".
  • Sir. 43:12 uses chûgh as description of the rainbow.
  • In Isa. 44:13, chûgh appears as mechûghah, which simply means "a compass," in other words the geometrical instrument which you use to can draw circles on a paper.

In contemporary Hebrew cosmology the common belief was that the earth was formed as a plano-concave plate with slightly raised edges covered by high mountains, where the heavens were attached to the earth.

In the second part of the above mentioned verse by Isaiah this becomes quite obvious when god stretched out the heavens over the earth like a canopy - which completely lose all meaning and become utterly absurd if you try to apply the text to an image of a spherical earth. However, it fits perfectly with a flat earth model.

Moreover, Job 28:24, Job 37:3, Job 38:13, Jeremiah 16:19 and Daniel 4:11 all claim that the earth has ends (or edges depending on what version you read) But regardless of translation, a sphere has either edges, nor ends. But a two-dimensional flat form does.

In Job 11:9 you can read: "Their measure is longer than the earth and wider than the sea" which also become quite incomprehensible if you try to apply the verse to a spherical conception of the world, but again corresponds completely with the idea of a flat earth .

Finally, in Job 38:44 it says:

"Where were you when I laid the earth's foundation? Tell me, if you understand. Who marked off its dimensions? Surely you know! Who stretched a measuring line across it?" If the author would have had a spherical shape in mind, the last question in Job should have read "Who stretched a measuring line around it?"

Answer:Interestingly, Rashi commentary to Isaiah 22:18 (mentioned in the above answers) explicitly refers to a sphere ("ball"), quoting the Talmud sages. But in general, it should be borne in mind that the Tanakh (Jewish Bible) doesn't intend to be a scientific treatise. It uses poetic language, and leaves research and inquiry to others; concentrating instead on matters related to awareness of God. The Bible uses a man's-eye-view of the world around him; just like we speak of "sunrise" and "sunset" even though it's the earth that is revolving on its axis. But even in ancient times, those who wished to spend time observing the earth, sun and moon, could show the spherical shape of the earth from its shadow on the moon in lunar eclipses. The Sanhedrin (Sages) who proclaimed the New Moon each month were well-versed in these matters.
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Q: Does the Hebrew word Chuwg mean a flat circle like a coin or a sphere Isaiah C40 verse 22?
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Is whether or not the earth is round mentioned in the Bible?

No, there is nothing stated about the shape of the earth being spherical. As a matter of fact, in the Bible, the world is often stated to have "corners", however these corners are most likely metaphorical.However, some will say that Isaiah 40:22 refers to a Round Earth;Isaiah 40:22 It is he that sitteth upon the circle (chuwg) of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:The Hebrew word Chuwg (circle) means a flat-circle like that made with a compass, or a coin.If Isaiah wants to portray Earth like a ball, he would have used Duwr, (the Hebrew word for round as a ball), instead.Isaiah 22:18 He will surely violently turn and toss thee like a ball (duwr) into a large country: there shalt thou die, and there the chariots of thy glory shall be the shame of thy lord's house.AnswerSee the Related Link below on what the Bible means when it refers to the "four corners" of the earth.


Did the early Israelites believes that the Earth is flat?

Many may have believed that the earth was flat; but certainly there were those who understood as Isaiah did that the earth was round.Isaiah 40:2222 It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in: The Hebrew word used in scripture for "circle" in Isaiah 40:22 is chuwg (a flat circular disk like a coin). If the Bible writer had meant for us to believe that "circle of the earth" meant that the earth was round (sphere), the writer would have used the Hebrew word for "ball," which is duwr. The fact that Isaiah didn't use duwrshows that he wasn't trying to tell us the earth was like a ball."He will surely violently turn and toss thee like a BALL (duwr) into a large country: there shalt thou die, and there the chariots of thy glory shall be the shame of thy lord's house". (Isaiah 22:18)Other verses that the early Israelites believes the the Earth is flat;The visions of my head as I lay in bed were these: I saw, and behold, a tree in the midst of the earth; and its height was great. The tree grew and became strong, and its top reached to heaven, and it was visible to the end of the whole earth. (Daniel 4:10-11)"The devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them". (Matthew 4:1-12)"The earth takes shape like clay under a seal." (Job 38:14)"take the earth by the edges and shake the wicked out of it (Job 38:12-13)


What verses in the Bible prove that the Earth is flat like a sheet of paper?

The Bible does not prove that the Earth is flat. Some people have misinterpreted the following verses as showing a belief in a flat earth. (Dan 4:10-11) Thus were the visions of mine head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was great. The tree grew, and was strong, and the height thereof reached unto heaven, and the sight thereof to the end of all the earth: This was a symbolic dream of Belteshazzar which was interpreted by Daniel. (Mat 4:8) Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; We do not presume this was a literal view of all the kingdoms of earth, but that they were portrayed for Jesus' mental eyes. (Job 11:9) The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea. This is poetic language indicating that God is immeasurable. (Deu 13:7) Namely, of the gods of the people which are round about you, nigh unto thee, or far off from thee, from the one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth; The ends of the earth in scripture refer to the farthest extremities from one's current location. Actually, in (Job 26:7) the Bible says "He stretcheth out the north over the empty place, and hangeth the earth upon nothing" evoking an earth in space, as the sun and moon. And in Isaiah 40:22 according to Gesenius's Lexicon, the original Hebrew word "chuwg" which means literally something with "roundness," a "sphere" of the earth--quite an astounding point of view for the time period this book was written. (Isaiah 40:22) It is he that sitteth upon the circle (sphere) of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:


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