The Newbery Medal is "To encourage original creative work in the field of books for children. To emphasize to the public that contributions to the literature for children deserve similar recognition to poetry, plays, or novels. To give those librarians, who make it their life work to serve children's reading interests, an opportunity to encourage good writing in this field." A committee of the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association selects it and honor books each year. It is awarded to a book published by an American publisher by an American author or resident of the United States.