Father of calvinism?
John Calvin is the father of Calvinism (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Calvin)
However most of his ideas are built on the beliefs of St. Augustine, some say that Augustine is the father of reformed theology (calvinism)
Yes, there are similarities between Calvinism and Arminianism and the biggest similarity is that that these two systems which explain and translate the Holy Bible's account of salvation. Both Calvinism and Arminianism base their system of beliefs on the word of Bible, but both have different interpretations.
Calvinism (n.) is someone who's addicted to Calvin Klein Actually, Calvinism is someone who believes that they have no will, that whatever happens is God's will. - Dogluva21 This is fatalism, Calvinists believe that humans are so corrupted by sin that they are unable to come to God, so God calls out some to be saved. Romans 3
The similarities in Calvinism and Arminianism include that they both break down and decipher salvation as it is relayed in the Holy Bible. Arminianism and Calvinism both discuss beliefs of grace, free will, atonement, perseverance of Saints, and how one who practices Christianity can become saved in the eyes of God.
It depends a little bit about how you define Calvinism. John Calvins teaching and writings happened in the 16th century mostly in Geneva Switzerland. However, the term Calvinism was coined many years after his death. Additionally, Calvin's teaching draw heavily from church Fathers (particularly Augustine & Ambrose). These influences date back as early as the 2nd and 3rd century. Calvinists would argue that Calvinism comes straight from the bible and is as old as Christianity…
Calvinism is an insidious heresy that believes that man does not have free will and that God created some men deliberately to damn them to hell for all eternity without giving them a chance. In other words, Calvinism denies that Christ died for all men, and that you were eternally predestined for heaven or hell and there is absolutely nothing you can do about it.
Yes,It is called 'New Calvinism'. The 'New Calvinism' is a growing perspective within conservative Evangelicalism that embraces the fundamentals of 16th century Calvinism while also trying to be relevant in the present day world. TIME magazine ranked it as one of the "10 Ideas Changing the World Right Now."
It is a long story, but the basic principals of Calvinism come from the bible particularly Paul's books of Ephesians and Roman's. Augustine expounded on and interpreted these passages in the 300's laying the groundwork for Calvin's work in the 1500's. Calvinism as well as Arminianism (free will theology) are both considered to be theologically orthodox Soteriological positions.