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How a claim goes to cosmos or unet from ufe?

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Q: How a claim goes to cosmos or unet from ufe?
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Related Questions

What is the meaning of UFE results?

The term UFE, medically, refers to Uterine Fibroid Embolization, a procedure typically performed by a radiologist. The results determine whether or not too much blood is flowing to a woman's fibroids.

Can you reverse ufe?

Yes, but you would need a vascular surgeon willing to do the operation.

Does the Globe and Mail still publish the UFE results 2010?

Yes available in today's paper

What is the procedure where they scrape uterus?

D&C-dilation and curettage, is one there are others done for various reasons, such as a UFE, or sometimes just a biopsy requires "scraping"

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How can Indian chartered accountant become Canadian CA?

in year 2011 the MOU have been singed between india and Canada where an indian ca can work in canada after passing UFE and certain work experience hence there is no requirement to pass a specific course in canada to obtain the CA degree.

What are some seven letter words with 5th letter U and 6th letter F and 7th letter E?

According to SOWPODS (the combination of Scrabble dictionaries used around the world) there are 1 words with the pattern ----UFE. That is, seven letter words with 5th letter U and 6th letter F and 7th letter E. In alphabetical order, they are: tartufe

What are some five letter words with 3rd letter U and 4th letter F and 5th letter E?

According to SOWPODS (the combination of Scrabble dictionaries used around the world) there are 1 words with the pattern --UFE. That is, five letter words with 3rd letter U and 4th letter F and 5th letter E. In alphabetical order, they are: grufe

What are some seven letter words with 1st letter T and 5th letter U and 6th letter F and 7th letter E?

According to SOWPODS (the combination of Scrabble dictionaries used around the world) there are 1 words with the pattern T---UFE. That is, seven letter words with 1st letter T and 5th letter U and 6th letter F and 7th letter E. In alphabetical order, they are: tartufe

What are some eight letter words with 2nd letter H and 4th letter U and 5th letter F and 6th letter E?

According to SOWPODS (the combination of Scrabble dictionaries used around the world) there are 1 words with the pattern -H-UFE--. That is, eight letter words with 2nd letter H and 4th letter U and 5th letter F and 6th letter E. In alphabetical order, they are: chaufers

What are some seven letter words with 3rd letter U and 4th letter F and 5th letter E and 7th letter S?

According to SOWPODS (the combination of Scrabble dictionaries used around the world) there are 1 words with the pattern --UFE-S. That is, seven letter words with 3rd letter U and 4th letter F and 5th letter E and 7th letter S. In alphabetical order, they are: gaufers

What are some eight letter words with 2nd letter H and 4th letter U and 5th letter F and 6th letter E and 8th letter S?

According to SOWPODS (the combination of Scrabble dictionaries used around the world) there are 1 words with the pattern -H-UFE-S. That is, eight letter words with 2nd letter H and 4th letter U and 5th letter F and 6th letter E and 8th letter S. In alphabetical order, they are: chaufers

What actors and actresses appeared in Man in Fear - 2011?

The cast of Man in Fear - 2011 includes: Paul Basco as Builder Daniel Bolland as Delivery Driver Jill Clarke as Woman with Dogs Niall Dougherty as Man in Queue 2 Adam Farrell as Man in Queue 1 Nick Georghiou as Pinstripe Man Anne Kavanagh as Old Lady James Lance as Gilchrist David McNamee as Newspaper Seller Sally Megee as Girl Peta Taylor as Proprietor Luke Treadaway as Anthony Fox Ian Ufe MacKenzie as Fat Bloke

What movie and television projects has Frank Fortunato been in?

Frank Fortunato has: Played Geraldo in "The Guiding Light" in 1952. Played Father Gregory in "One Life to Live" in 1968. Played Benito Rojas in "Daitoryo no Christmas Tree" in 1996. Played Ethan in "Route 31" in 1998. Played Jason Evanina in "The Sopranos" in 1999. Played Doorman in "Summer of Sam" in 1999. Played Brandon in "Porcelain God" in 2006. Played Cop in "Gossip Girl" in 2007. Played Security Guard in "American Jewels" in 2007. Played Police Officer Cascio in "Gossip Girl" in 2007. Played Paul Ignazio in "White Collar" in 2009. Played Boxing Cornerman in "The Fight Is the Easy Part" in 2009. Played Uniformed Officer in "Blue Bloods" in 2010. Played Ufe Soldier in "Max Payne 3" in 2012. Played Various in "Grand Theft Auto V" in 2013. Played Body Man Kevin in "Broken City" in 2013. Played Koch Security Guard in "The Normal Heart" in 2014.

Why does woman get fibroids?

Why should women know about fibroids?About 20 percent to 80 percent of women develop fibroids by the time they reach age 50. Fibroids are most common in women in their 40s and early 50s. Not all women with fibroids have symptoms. Women who do have symptoms often find fibroids hard to live with. Some have pain and heavy menstrual bleeding. Fibroids also can put pressure on the bladder, causing frequent urination, or the rectum, causing rectal pressure. Should the fibroids get very large, they can cause the abdomen (stomach area) to enlarge, making a woman look pregnant. Return to topWho gets fibroids?There are factors that can increase a woman's risk of developing fibroids. Age. Fibroids become more common as women age, especially during the 30s and 40s through menopause. After menopause, fibroids usually shrink.Family history. Having a family member with fibroids increases your risk. If a woman's mother had fibroids, her risk of having them is about three times higher than average.Ethnic origin. African-American women are more likely to develop fibroids than white women.Obesity. Women who are overweight are at higher risk for fibroids. For very heavy women, the risk is two to three times greater than average.Eating habits. Eating a lot of red meat (e.g., beef) and ham is linked with a higher risk of fibroids. Eating plenty of green vegetables seems to protect women from developing fibroids.Return to topWhere can fibroids grow?Most fibroids grow in the wall of the uterus. Doctors put them into three groups based on where they grow: Submucosal (sub-myoo-KOH-zuhl) fibroids grow into the uterine cavity.Intramural (ihn-truh-MYOOR-uhl) fibroids grow within the wall of the uterus.Subserosal (sub-suh-ROH-zuhl) fibroids grow on the outside of the uterus.Some fibroids grow on stalks that grow out from the surface of the uterus or into the cavity of the uterus. They might look like mushrooms. These are called pedunculated(pih-DUHN-kyoo-lay-ted) fibroids.Return to topWhat are the symptoms of fibroids?Most fibroids do not cause any symptoms, but some women with fibroids can have: Heavy bleeding (which can be heavy enough to cause anemia) or painful periodsFeeling of fullness in the pelvic area (lower stomach area)Enlargement of the lower abdomenFrequent urinationPain during sexLower back painComplications during pregnancy and labor, including a six-time greater risk of cesarean sectionReproductive problems, such as infertility, which is very rareReturn to topWhat causes fibroids?No one knows for sure what causes fibroids. Researchers think that more than one factor could play a role. These factors could be: Hormonal (affected by estrogen and progesterone levels)Genetic (runs in families)Because no one knows for sure what causes fibroids, we also don't know what causes them to grow or shrink. We do know that they are under hormonal control - both estrogen and progesterone. They grow rapidly during pregnancy, when hormone levels are high. They shrink when anti-hormone medication is used. They also stop growing or shrink once a woman reaches menopause.Return to topCan fibroids turn into cancer?Fibroids are almost always benign (not cancerous). Rarely (less than one in 1,000) a cancerous fibroid will occur. This is called leiomyosarcoma (leye-oh-meye-oh-sar-KOH-muh). Doctors think that these cancers do not arise from an already-existing fibroid. Having fibroids does not increase the risk of developing a cancerous fibroid. Having fibroids also does not increase a woman's chances of getting other forms of cancer in the uterus. Return to topWhat if I become pregnant and have fibroids?Women who have fibroids are more likely to have problems during pregnancy and delivery. This doesn't mean there will be problems. Most women with fibroids have normal pregnancies. The most common problems seen in women with fibroids are: Cesarean section. The risk of needing a c-section is six times greater for women with fibroids.Baby is breech. The baby is not positioned well for vaginal delivery.Labor fails to progress.Placental abruption. The placenta breaks away from the wall of the uterus before delivery. When this happens, the fetus does not get enough oxygen.Preterm delivery.Talk to your obstetrician if you have fibroids and become pregnant. All obstetricians have experience dealing with fibroids and pregnancy. Most women who have fibroids and become pregnant do not need to see an OB who deals with high-risk pregnancies.Return to topHow do I know for sure that I have fibroids?Your doctor may find that you have fibroids when you see her or him for a regular pelvic exam to check your uterus, ovaries, and vagina. The doctor can feel the fibroid with her or his fingers during an ordinary pelvic exam, as a (usually painless) lump or mass on the uterus. Often, a doctor will describe how small or how large the fibroids are by comparing their size to the size your uterus would be if you were pregnant. For example, you may be told that your fibroids have made your uterus the size it would be if you were 16 weeks pregnant. Or the fibroid might be compared to fruits, nuts, or a ball, such as a grape or an orange, an acorn or a walnut, or a golf ball or a volleyball. Your doctor can do imaging tests to confirm that you have fibroids. These are tests that create a "picture" of the inside of your body without surgery. These tests might include:Ultrasound - Uses sound waves to produce the picture. The ultrasound probe can be placed on the abdomen or it can be placed inside the vagina to make the picture.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - Uses magnets and radio waves to produce the pictureX-rays - Uses a form of radiation to see into the body and produce the pictureCat scan (CT) - Takes many X-ray pictures of the body from different angles for a more complete imageHysterosalpingogram (hiss-tur-oh-sal-PIN-juh-gram) (HSG) or sonohysterogram (soh-noh-HISS-tur-oh-gram) - An HSG involves injecting x-ray dye into the uterus and taking x-ray pictures. A sonohysterogram involves injecting water into the uterus and making ultrasound pictures.You might also need surgery to know for sure if you have fibroids. There are two types of surgery to do this:Laparoscopy (lap-ar-OSS-koh-pee) - The doctor inserts a long, thin scope into a tiny incision made in or near the navel. The scope has a bright light and a camera. This allows the doctor to view the uterus and other organs on a monitor during the procedure. Pictures also can be made.Hysteroscopy (hiss-tur-OSS-koh-pee) - The doctor passes a long, thin scope with a light through the vagina and cervix into the uterus. No incision is needed. The doctor can look inside the uterus for fibroids and other problems, such as polyps. A camera also can be used with the scope.Return to topWhat questions should I ask my doctor if I have fibroids?How many fibroids do I have?What size is my fibroid(s)?Where is my fibroid(s) located (outer surface, inner surface, or in the wall of the uterus)?Can I expect the fibroid(s) to grow larger?How rapidly have they grown (if they were known about already)?How will I know if the fibroid(s) is growing larger?What problems can the fibroid(s) cause?What tests or imaging studies are best for keeping track of the growth of my fibroids?What are my treatment options if my fibroid(s) becomes a problem?What are your views on treating fibroids with a hysterectomy versus other types of treatments?A second opinion is always a good idea if your doctor has not answered your questions completely or does not seem to be meeting your needs.Return to topHow are fibroids treated?Most women with fibroids do not have any symptoms. For women who do have symptoms, there are treatments that can help. Talk with your doctor about the best way to treat your fibroids. She or he will consider many things before helping you choose a treatment. Some of these things include: Whether or not you are having symptoms from the fibroidsIf you might want to become pregnant in the futureThe size of the fibroidsThe location of the fibroidsYour age and how close to menopause you might beIf you have fibroids but do not have any symptoms, you may not need treatment. Your doctor will check during your regular exams to see if they have grown.MedicationsIf you have fibroids and have mild symptoms, your doctor may suggest taking medication. Over-the-counter drugs such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can be used for mild pain. If you have heavy bleeding during your period, taking an iron supplement can keep you from getting anemia or correct it if you already are anemic.Several drugs commonly used for birth control can be prescribed to help control symptoms of fibroids. Low-dose birth control pills do not make fibroids grow and can help control heavy bleeding. The same is true of progesterone-like injections (e.g., Depo-Provera®). An IUD (intrauterine device) called Mirena® contains a small amount of progesterone-like medication, which can be used to control heavy bleeding as well as for birth control.Other drugs used to treat fibroids are "gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists" (GnRHa). The one most commonly used is Lupron®. These drugs, given by injection, nasal spray, or implanted, can shrink your fibroids. Sometimes they are used before surgery to make fibroids easier to remove. Side effects of GnRHas can include hot flashes, depression, not being able to sleep, decreased sex drive, and joint pain. Most women tolerate GnRHas quite well. Most women do not get a period when taking GnRHas. This can be a big relief to women who have heavy bleeding. It also allows women with anemia to recover to a normal blood count. GnRHas can cause bone thinning, so their use is generally limited to six months or less. These drugs also are very expensive, and some insurance companies will cover only some or none of the cost. GnRHas offer temporary relief from the symptoms of fibroids; once you stop taking the drugs, the fibroids often grow back quickly.SurgeryIf you have fibroids with moderate or severe symptoms, surgery may be the best way to treat them. Here are the options:Myomectomy (meye-oh-MEK-tuh-mee) - Surgery to remove fibroids without taking out the healthy tissue of the uterus. It is best for women who wish to have children after treatment for their fibroids or who wish to keep their uterus for other reasons. You can become pregnant after myomectomy. But if your fibroids were imbedded deeply in the uterus, you might need a cesarean section to deliver. Myomectomy can be performed in many ways. It can be major surgery (involving cutting into the abdomen) or performed with laparoscopy or hysteroscopy. The type of surgery that can be done depends on the type, size, and location of the fibroids. After myomectomy new fibroids can grow and cause trouble later. All of the possible risks of surgery are true for myomectomy. The risks depend on how extensive the surgery is.Hysterectomy (hiss-tur-EK-tuh-mee) - Surgery to remove the uterus. This surgery is the only sure way to cure uterine fibroids. Fibroids are the most common reason that hysterectomy is performed. This surgery is used when a woman's fibroids are large, if she has heavy bleeding, is either near or past menopause, or does not want children. If the fibroids are large, a woman may need a hysterectomy that involves cutting into the abdomen to remove the uterus. If the fibroids are smaller, the doctor may be able to reach the uterus through the vagina, instead of making a cut in the abdomen. In some cases hysterectomy can be performed through the laparoscope. Removal of the ovaries and the cervix at the time of hysterectomy is usually optional. Women whose ovaries are not removed do not go into menopause at the time of hysterectomy. Hysterectomy is a major surgery. Although hysterectomy is usually quite safe, it does carry a significant risk of complications. Recovery from hysterectomy usually takes several weeks.Endometrial Ablation (en-doh-MEE-tree-uhl uh-BLAY-shuhn) - The lining of the uterus is removed or destroyed to control very heavy bleeding. This can be done with laser, wire loops, boiling water, electric current, microwaves, freezing, and other methods. This procedure usually is considered minor surgery. It can be done on an outpatient basis or even in a doctor's office. Complications can occur, but are uncommon with most of the methods. Most people recover quickly. About half of women who have this procedure have no more menstrual bleeding. About three in 10 women have much lighter bleeding. But, a woman cannot have children after this surgery.Myolysis (meye-OL-uh-siss) - A needle is inserted into the fibroids, usually guided by laparoscopy, and electric current or freezing is used to destroy the fibroids.Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE), or Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE) - A thin tube is thread into the blood vessels that supply blood to the fibroid. Then, tiny plastic or gel particles are injected into the blood vessels. This blocks the blood supply to the fibroid, causing it to shrink. UFE can be an outpatient or inpatient procedure. Complications, including early menopause, are uncommon but can occur. Studies suggest fibroids are not likely to grow back after UFE, but more long-term research is needed. Not all fibroids can be treated with UFE. The best candidates for UFE are women who: Have fibroids that are causing heavy bleedingHave fibroids that are causing pain or pressing on the bladder or rectumDon't want to have a hysterectomyDon't want to have children in the futureReturn to topAre other treatments being developed for uterine fibroids?Yes. Researchers are looking into other ways to treat uterine fibroids. The following methods are not yet standard treatments; so your doctor may not offer them or health insurance may not cover them. MRI-guided ultrasound surgery shrinks fibroids using a high-intensity ultrasound beam. The MRI scanner helps the doctor locate the fibroid, and the ultrasound sends out very hot sound waves to destroy the fibroid. The ExAblate® 2000 System is a medical device that uses this method to destroy uterine fibroids.Some health care providers use lasers to remove a fibroid or to cut off the blood supply to the fibroid, making it shrink.Mifepristone®, and other anti-hormonal drugs being developed, could provide symptom relief without bone-thinning side effects. These are promising treatments, but none are yet available or FDA approved.Other medications are being studied for treatment of fibroids.Return to topMore information on uterine fibroidsFor more information about uterine fibroids, call at 800-994-9662 (TDD: 888-220-5446) or contact the following organizations: I got all of my information at this website ›

How do you get mew three?

getting mew three sounds impossible huh well now you know how to get him just go new moon island witch can only be unlocked by getting 130 Pokemon in the national dex go back talk to your mom she will tell you that your Pokemon are really stong(they have to be at level 70 or higher because trainers have like level 68 Pokemon)then she will tell you that professor oak went to go se bill. go to bills house professor oak will be talking to bill about a new Pokemon being discovered then he will tell you if you were guys might think of pressing yes but if you do he will tell you that he already sent Gary if you say no then he will say don't be modesst you know want to see the new Pokemon say no then he will say oh then he is going to say that mabey Gary needs some help so then he will give you a moon pass go ride the ferry to new moon island once you get their go out of the dock and you will see a black stone that is all touch it it will say a portal is opening let it open then go forward ther will ge an opening use brick break on it it will lead a path called darkrhiy path alot of trainers are their after getting out of the cave wich is really hard their is a road go into professor Michel wich will be laying on the floor the Gary will apear then you have to go the jungle after you talk to Gary the jungle is whear they found mew you would know that if you read the books in the Pokemon mansion at cinnabar go through the whole jungle their will be new Pokemon their then go up sheir rock mountin then once you reach the top their will be a nixhus stone if you rvive it it will be an egg?but if you hatch it it will turn into raraquaza but it can also be arceus if you do this code while it hatches (up,down ,R,R,L, B,select,A,B,right,up)once it hatches they will be level 100 after one of them come out Gary will say that if you wat to trade for a level 5 glaceon say yes then he will give you a map to find darkrai follow the map once you find darkrai catch it it will know dark scent use it 57 times around professor michels lab then cresselia will appear let it kill your darkrai then Gary will come with his pidgeott and fly to the top of sheir rock mountinhe wold say some stuff then if you want to battle say no then he will wait then go to the bottom of the mountin where the mountin begins go east of the opening ufe strength to the titanium fence your pokemons attack needs to be at least 200 and needs to be a level 75 then it will break like a craker then go through and it will say pasword plese you cant get the pasword any were so listen and you can only put the paswoord in only 1 so you have to do it in 30 seconds then put mew the number 3 then xzxz. xzxz is a Pokemon that lies inside witch just looks like a glitched up Pokemon but it is a Pokemon a rare Pokemon once you kill it becaus it is a level 65 use a item finder you will find a black gemed flute use it at the top of sheir rock mountin use it their then mew two x will apear it is a metal ghost mew too kill it then the screen will shake Gary says that mew two x was mew threes sone if you captured it nothing will happen if you kill it mew three will appear it wont be able to be caught with a master ball so put its health to yellow then throw a master ball press down A,B then hold R (this is a trick that canbe used to cath rare Pokemon bot their health has to be in yellow)it will escape then use a regular pokeball then do the one trick it will be caugth and that is how you catch mew three hope you like you mew three(:

Uterine artery embolization?

DefinitionUterine artery embolization (UAE) is a procedure to treat fibroids without surgery. Instead, the doctor (a radiologist) uses special imaging methods to treat your uterine fibroids. During the procedure, the blood supply of the fibroids is cut off, causing the fibroids to shrink.Alternative NamesUterine fibroid embolization; UFE; UAEDescriptionUAE is done in the radiology department of a hospital. Usually local anesthesia is used. You will be awake but unable to feel pain. (This is called conscious sedation.) The procedure takes about 60 to 90 minutes.The procedure is usually done this way:You will receive a sedative, a medicine that will make you relaxed and sleepy.A local anesthetic (pain-killer) will be applied to your skin around your groin. This will numb the area so you do not feel pain.Your radiologist will make a 1/4-inch-long incision (cut) in your skin. Then the radiologist will insert a catheter (a thin tube) into your femoral artery. This artery is at the top of your leg. Next the radiologist will thread the catheter into your uterine artery. This artery supplies blood to the uterus.Small plastic or gelatin particles will be injected through the catheter into the blood vessels that supply blood to the fibroids. These particles block the blood supply to the tiny arteries that carry blood to the fibroids. Without this blood supply, the fibroids shrink and then die.UAE will be done in both your left and right uterine arteries.Why the Procedure Is PerformedUterine artery embolization is an effective way to treat fibroids that are not very large. Sometimes women have UAE done after childbirth to treat very heavy vaginal bleeding.Women who may want to become pregnant in the future should NOT have this procedure.RisksUterine artery embolization is generally safe. Ask your doctor about these possible problems.A risk for any anesthesia is having a bad reaction to the anesthetic that is used.The risks for any invasive procedure are:BleedingInfectionBruisingThe risks of uterine artery embolization are:Injury to an artery or to the uterusComplications with a future pregnancy. Some of these are intrauterine growth restriction (a condition that causes the baby to grow more slowly than usual in the uterus), preterm delivery (the baby is born early), bleeding after delivery, problems with the placenta, and miscarriage.Pregnancy is not recommended after this procedureEarly menopauseBefore the ProcedureAlways tell your doctor or nurse:If you could be pregnantWhat drugs you are taking, even drugs, supplements, or herbs you bought without a prescriptionBefore your UAE:You may be asked to stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), warfarin (Coumadin), and any other drugs that make it hard for your blood to clot.Ask your doctor which drugs you should still take on the day of your surgery.If you smoke, try to stop. Ask your doctor or nurse for help.On the day of your UAE :You will usually be asked not to drink or eat anything for 6 to 8 hours before this procedure.Take the drugs your doctor told you to take with a small sip of water.Your doctor or nurse will tell you when to arrive at the hospital.After the ProcedureWomen usually stay in the hospital overnight after UAE. Some women are able to go home a few hours after treatment, but this is less common.You will receive pain medicine. You will be asked to lie flat for 4 to 6 hours after the procedure.Pelvic cramps are common for the first 24 hours after the procedure. They may last for 2 weeks. Cramps may be severe and may last more than 6 hours at a time.The treated fibroid tissue may pass through your vagina.Outlook (Prognosis)Uterine artery embolization usually works well to decrease pain, pressure, and bleeding from fibroids. Up to 30% of women who have UAE done:Need to have the procedure again within 1 or 2 yearsHave a hysterectomy within 5 years after the procedureReferencesEdwards RD, Moss JG, Lumsden MA, Wu O, Murray LS, Twaddle S, et al. Uterine-artery embolization versus surgery for symptomatic uterine fibroids. N Engl J Med. 2007 Jan 25;356(4):360-70.Katz VL. Benign gynecologic lesions : Vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, oviduct, ovary. In: Duthie EH, Katz PR, Malone ML, eds. Practice of Geriatrics. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 18.Volkers NA, Hehenkamp WJ, Birnie E, Ankum WM, Reekers JA. Uterine artery embolization versus hysterectomy in the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids: 2 years' outcome from the randomized EMMY trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Jun;196(6):519.e1-11.

Sonnenbrille - Wißenschaft Geschichte Publikationen ?

[url=]lancel[/url] [url=]Zalando Lancel Purse[/url] [url=]Lancel Brigitte Bardot Taschen[/url] Was das Bereitstellen von Babynahrung angeht: Es gibt nat眉rlich auch Hilfsprogramme, die Ern盲hrungspakete bereitstellen. Im Sebocha Hospital haben wir mit der Krankenschwester gesprochen, welche die M眉tter und Kinder hinsichtlich Ern盲hrung ber盲t, und sie hat uns erz盲hlt, dass zum Beispiel f眉r August dieses Jahres keine Pakete geliefert wurden wohl aus Einsparungsma脽nahmen. Und selbst wenn Pakete zur Verf眉gung gestellt werden, nutzen die M眉tter sie f眉r die gesamte Familie und nicht nur f眉r die Babies. Au脽erdem ist die Milch f眉r die Babynahrung teuer, und sie wird oft mit Wasser gestreckt. In Folge sind die Babies untern盲hrt und anf盲lliger f眉r Krankheiten, und in besonders harten Zeiten stillen die M眉tter dann doch wieder. Dann sind die Kinder aber bereits geschw盲cht, und die Mutter erh盲lt vielleicht keine antiretrovirale Therapie, beides zusammen f眉hrt zu einer hohen Ansteckungsgefahr durch die Muttermilch. Dasselbe gilt f眉r den Fall, wenn die M眉tter nach sechs Monaten nicht g盲nzlich abstillen, aber eben keine Medikamente mehr erhalten. 锘縆ind negativ Teil II Spreeblick Warum das Kind 眉berhaupt eine Chance hat: Mutter und Kind haben getrennte Blutkreisl盲ufe. Die Versorgung des Kindes erfolgt 眉ber die sogenannte Plazentaschranke, die bestimmte Substanzen an das Kind weitergibt, andere aber herausfiltert so zum Gl眉ck auch HIVViren. Die Ansteckung des Kindes erfolgt meist bei der Geburt, wenn das Kind mit dem Blut der Mutter in Ber眉hrung kommt. Dieses Risiko wird aber durch die antiretroviralen Medikamente massiv verringert, da diese die H盲ufigkeit des Virus im Blut verringern. Viele wissen aber gar nicht, dass sie HIVpositiv sind: Deshalb wird jeder Frau, die in ein Krankenhaus kommt, geraten, sich testen zu lassen. Noch ist das in Lesotho nicht gesetzlich verpflichtend, die meisten machen es aber ohnehin. Ist die Frau positiv, wird sie beraten, psychologisch betreut und behandelt. Manche Frauen tauchen nach dem Test aber nicht wieder auf. Die Krankenh盲user versuchen, jemanden zu diesen Frauen in die meist abgelegenen D枚rfer zu schicken und ihnen vor Ort zu helfen. Die Zahl der Einrichtungen, die PMTCTProgramme anbieten, ist in Lesotho stark gestiegen: 2003 gab es nur acht, Ende 2009 schon 186 solcher Einrichtungen im ganzen Land. 2007 waren nur 31 Prozent aller Schwangeren in retroviraler Behandlung, 2009 waren es schon 71 Prozent. Der Grund f眉r diesen starken Anstieg ist, dass die Behandlung nicht mehr nur in Krankenh盲usern m枚glich ist, sondern auf die kleinen Gesundheitszentren in den D枚rfern ausgelagert wurde. Die Krankenschwestern vor Ort wurden in einer gro脽 angelegten Aktion in den st盲dtischen Krankenh盲usern daf眉r geschult. Alle Artikel aus Lesotho findet ihr hier. Sexueller Missbrauch am CanisiusKolleg BerlinOne more time: Du bist DeutschlandDer Berliner SzenemenschAuf Nimmerwiedersehen, SPD!Du bist Deutschland Ich mach mit!Jamba KursUnd alle so: WTF? [Update] [2]Bundespr眉fstelle indiziert BlogPost von Frau von der Leyen (Update)Peter Alexa Ein ehemaliger Unterst眉tzer der RAFHom枚ophobie: Die PlaceboDebatteGrimme f眉r Spreeblick!Piraten auf KurssucheBundestagswahl 2009: Wen soll ich nur w盲hlen?Ihr, nicht ich!Politically Incorrect Die etwas andere Sicht der DingeDu Opfer!Tickets: Foo Fighters in K枚lnZur AntiMinarettInitiative in der Schweiz Die antiretroviralen Medikamente erhalten alle HIVPatienten, ob schwanger oder nicht, kostenlos. In den Einrichtungen, in denen wir waren, wurden sie vom Global Fund finanziert, und sie kommen meist aus China oder Indien. Verteilt werden sie in Einrichtungen, die sowohl vom Staat als auch von Spendenprojekten betrieben werden. Das Ziel des Global Fund und der BornHIVfreeKampagne ist es, die Ansteckung von Kindern durch M眉tter weltweit bis 2015 komplett zu stoppen. Nachdem zu meinem Post 眉ber PMTCT (Prevention of MothertoChildTransmission) in Lesotho einige Fragen gestellt wurden, hier noch ein paar Erl盲uterungen: Wie PMTCT medizinisch gesehen funktioniert, wieso HIVnegative V盲ter sich bei der Zeugung nicht anstecken, warum die Frauen keine Babynahrung erhalten und warum die Projekte in Lesotho dennoch gut funktionieren. Neues von der SpreeblickAu脽enstelle in Lesotho, S眉dafrika: Das ist auch der Grund, warum es m枚glich ist, dass ein HIVnegativer und HIVpositiver Partner zusammen ein Kind bekommen k枚nnen. Nach strenger 盲rztlicher Beobachtung, wie gut die antiretrovirale Therapie anschl盲gt und wenn keine Viren im Blut nachgewiesen werden k枚nnen, kann ungesch眉tzter Verkehr erfolgen, um ein Kind zu bekommen. Creezy hat in ihrem Kommentar auch eine Methode erl盲utert, bei der man zuerst ein Kondom benutzt und dieses dann sofo