World War 1
History of Russia
Vladimir Lenin

How and why did Lenin return to Russia in April 1917?


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2009-03-21 23:58:50
2009-03-21 23:58:50

Lenin was isolated in neutral Switzerland during the beginning of World War I. After receiving news of the February 1917 Revolution in Russia, he wanted to return there immediately to give instructions to the Bolsheviks about how to continue with the revolution and to defeat the Provisional Government. A Swiss Communist convinced the German government to send Lenin safely to Russia on a sealed train. The German government hoped that Lenin would provoke political unrest in his homeland, forcing Russia to surrender to the Germans, which would allow Germany to pull troops away from the Eastern Front to focus on the war in the Western Front.


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The German government smuggled Lenin back into Russia from Switzerland in 1917.

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Lenin entered Russia on April 3, 1917, courtesy of the German High Command, returning from living in exile in Switzerland.

Vladimir Lenin was not in Russia during the March 1917 Revolution. With the help of Germany he returned to Russia in April of 1917. At this time with the Czar no longer in power, Lenin announced that Russia was the freest of all the belligerent nations in World War One. The center Bolshevik newspaper, Pravda was now published openly.

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The February 1917 Russian Revolution brought Lenin back to Russia. He had been living in Switzerland at the time and the revolution took him by surprise. The German High Command arranged for Lenin to be transported from Switzerland to Russia in a diplomatically sealed train. The Germans wanted Lenin to create more revolutionary disruption in the hope that a new Russian government would get Russia out of World War I.

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Lenin was living in self-imposed exile in Switzerland at the onset of World War 1. In April, 1917, with the help of the German government, he went back to Russia. In July 1917, he fled to Finland to escape the Tsarist police after an attempt to overthrow the Tsar failed. Then Lenin came back into Russia, hid out until the October Revolution and remained in Russia until the end of World War 1.

If one goes by the Julian calendar then in use in Russia, Vladimir Lenin and his Bolsheviks were leading Russia in March 1917. If one goes by the Gregorian calendar then in use by the western world, the Provisional Government under Alexander Kerensky was leading Russia in the beginning of March 1917 then Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks did.

Vladimir Lenin came to power via a October Revolution in Russia in 1917, which brought an end to Czarist Russia and started the creation of a Communist State.

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