How do you convert a single phase to a three phase motor?
You need three phase power to get three phase power. If you only have one phase, you will need some kind of inverter or motor-generator set. Generally, however, the demands of a three phase motor will exceed the capability and efficiency of these "tricky" solutions. It is best to simply contact your local power company and have them provide the proper three phase power to your facility.
Not without having all the coils re-wound which would probably cost more than buying a single-phase motor to do the job. You can alternatively use a phase converter, that converts single phase to three, to run your motor. You can make these (plans on the internet), or purchase a converter (more expensive), but easier than re-winding the motor which is impractical).
In order to convert from single phase to three phase, you need an inverter or some kind of motor-generator. Variable Frequency Drives for electric motor speed control now feature single phase input with three phase output for motor loads up to 3HP. Good for the home shop where you got a deal on some equipment but lack 3 phase power. For instance, Google this: ATV12H075F1
What is the difference between a one phase and a three phase motor. And if a three phase motor is given a single phase supply will it run or not?
The difference between a single phase and a three phase motor is the amount of power conductors that feed the device. As to the other part of the question a three phase motor will not start or run on single phase. The phase angles on three phase are 120 degrees apart on a single phase system they are 180 degrees apart.
To use a single/one phase motor instead of a three phase motor is possible if you have a three phase power supply as you will only need to tap one of the three phases together with neutral and an earthwire, however to use a three phase motor instead of a single phase will require the provision of three phase power supply.
A three phase motor requires a three phase power supply. You can not run a three phase motor on a single phase power supply unless you provide some kind of converter, such as a motor-generator set or an inverter. You might be able to get the motor to rotate on single phase, if you provide starting torque somehow, but you will not get rated power in that configuration.
It is impractical to do a conversion from single phase to 3-phase unless the motor already has the necessary windings and connections built into it. Consult the motor's rating plate and installation guide or handbook. It may also be worth asking a motor dealer, or, if it is a large industrial motor, the manufacturer, to see if they will exchange your single-phase motor for a used 3-phase one that is in good condition.