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Domestic Dogs
Dog Training

How do you house-train a puppy?


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September 13, 2011 4:43AM

Some simple steps for house-training your puppy:

· (Please keep in mind that it is highly recommended that you should train your dog while it is still a puppy, as this will resault MUCH EASIER for both the owner and the dog.)

Choose the spot outside where you would like your puppy to go to the toilet.

  1. Keep your puppy/dog in his/her crate, pen area or even tethered to a chair where you are working. Your puppy cannot have free run of the house at this early stage. Every 60 minutes, take your puppy straight to the designated toilet area outside. You should also take your puppy after mealtimes or snacks, and after playing, running or having fun. Watch out for signs from your puppy that tell you he needs to go, such as sniffing and walking around a lot, or whining. Puppies usually need to pee more than adult dogs, as they are still growing. Carry your puppy/dog, or walk out on leash.
  2. When you reach the toilet area, walk back and forth or circle around and around. At the same time say and repeat a cue word you would like to attach to the act of your dog eliminating. I use "hurry up" but just pick out a cue word or short phrase and stick with it. In your dogs mind you are building an association between the cue "hurry up!" and him emptying out, so this is a really important role in the house-training of your dog. This is the first obedience training command you will teach your young pup.
  3. If your pup does eliminate continue to repeat your cue word and the instant your dog finishes doing his business enthusiastically praise and reward him with a small tasty treat. Make it clear that you are very happy with him and that he is the "best little puppy on the block!". If after 3-4 minutes of circling around your puppy shows no signs of needing to eliminate, take him back inside (put in crate or pen) and try again in about twenty minutes.
  4. Immediately after a successful toilet trip outside you can allow your puppy some free play time (under supervision) in the house. Just spend some time enjoying the company of your puppy, then place him back in his crate or pen area.
  5. Continue with this 60 minute puppy house training schedule, you'll be rewarded for sticking to it.

Do not feed your puppy close to bedtime and take away his water before you go to bed (don't forget to put it back first thing in the morning). You'll need to set your alarm clock to go off once and possibly twice throughout the night. This is an important step, just take your puppy out to the toilet area as usual and then hop back into bed. When your puppy is young it is physically impossible for him to hold on all night, but before long you will both be sleeping peacefully right through the night

First of all, realize that dogs don't make mistakes, people do. If your puppy makes a mistake in the house, DON'T EVER HIT THEM. Keep empty soda cans with coins in them all over your house (tape off the hole on the top) and watch your puppy constantly. When he/she starts sniffing around and seems to be needing a place to go, if she/he starts to squat, shake the can, then go over to pick up the puppy, calmly take them to the same place outdoors, and when they relieve themselves, make a big happy deal about it, praising them, petting them, hugging them and kissing them.

Crate train them. Any dog expert will tell you that making them sleep in a crate at night, and following a schedule (just like human babies) helps them learn so much faster, cos they learn what is expected of them.

First thing in the morning, take them out of their crate, to their "potty place" outside,and WAIT for them. Some puppies take a while to potty. They have to find just the right smells and spot. Again, praise them with hugs and kisses, lots of petting, an excited sounding voice. Soon, they will learn.

Now big dogs are MUCH FASTER with their potty training than little dogs. Little dogs sometimes take forever to learn, and some never learn completley.

Have patience, because your new four-legged 'child' only wants to please you. Never hit your puppy. EVER. Just yelling in a deep voice while shaking the can will get your message across. Learn to think like a dog. It will help you understand your canine buddy, and it will be much easier to train him/her.


I would like to stress that physical violence is not only cruel, but will in no way help you in educating your pup. Dogs aim to please, and seek out assurance and rewards from their masters. Your dog will know from your behavior that you are not thrilled with them soiling the rug or furniture, if you are firm and consistent. There is no need - ever - to hit your dog.