How do you raise the pH in a swimming pool without affecting the total alkalinity?

In a pool with an alkaline pH level (7.0 to 14) you would use soda ash. If your pH level is acidic (6.0 to 6.9) when you add soda ash (sodium carbonate) to the pool the acidity of the water will convert the sodium carbonate to bicarbonate, which will have the effect of increasing the total alkalinity. There is no way around this reaction when your pH is below 7.0. Just make sure you maintain a pH level above 7.0. For swimmer comfort you should not have your pH below 7.4.

Increasing the pH of the water without affecting the alkalinity is very easy, but there is a trick. With the pump motor on and water circulating, add the sodium bicarb. in the deep end of the pool and work your way around the perimeter. This will raise the pH with minimal effect on the alkalinity.

Keep your pH around 7.6-7.8, not 7.2-7.4. Most "pool experts" tell you 7.2-7.4 but they are using an index that your local water company uses which obviously is not and should not be used for pool. There's a big difference between a water treatment system and your pool. You can't treat them the same.