Actually it's more like the salinity affecting the water cycle.
Water evaporation is happening constantly, and the rate at which it's evaporating or its volatility that is to say depends on the pressure of the atmosphere.
Water boiling point happens when the pressure of the atmosphere is equal to the vapor pressure of the liquid.
Water has some kinetic energy, given that its at a certain temperature. What's holding the water in its liquid state are the hydrogen bonds. (look up dipole-dipole intermolecular forces) When you apply the let's say heat to it, they kinetic energy is increasing (the water molecules are moving faster and faster) and these hydrogen bonds are broken and the vapor pressure goes up and it goes from liquid to gas. The other factor in keeping the water in it's liquid state is the pressure of the atmosphere keeping the water from just becoming the atmosphere itself.
Water doesn't have to "boil" at 100 degrees C. The pressure of the atmosphere at sea level is 760 torr. But let's say you were in Utah where elevation is higher and the atmospheric pressure is less, you'd find that water boils at 95 degrees C.
So the lower the atmospheric pressure, the more water is going to go into "boil mode." Now that you know that, understand that ocean water isn't pure water. There is salt in it. NaCl. Those hydrogen bonds that hold water together are stronger with the Na ions. I'm not going to get into intermolecular forces that's a subject to long to explain here, but know its a huge factor. Because those bonds of salt water are stronger, it's harder for the molecules to escape into the gaseous state. The temperature needs to be higher than 100 degrees C to boil salt water.
Just think if the salinity constantly increases in our oceans, and it is. That means that it's harder for the water to escape into the gaseous state. So there you have it, the salinity effects the water cycle.
P.S not my words
The temperature and the minerals in the ocean are the two factors that affect salinity of ocean water.
The temperature control how hot or cold the ocean is. The salinity control how much salt is in the ocean.
the temperature of the water and the salinity of the water
Water comprises of salts and minerals. Water cycle brings minerals back from air.
Oceans are big water bodies. Salinity is due to the presence of minerals in water.
Temperature & salinity.
Evaporation leaves salt behind. So as ocean water decreases, the percentage of salt increases, increasing salinity. As evaporation increases, rainfall also increases, thus it decreasing the salinity of ocean water.
evaporation and freezing of sea water
I Don't know, did not research.
Salinity of the ocean water is defined as the dissolved salt content in a body of water. The salinity of the ocean is 3.5%, the salinity increases as you approach the equator and decreases as you approach the poles.
Water is at its maximum density when it is fully saturated at 4 degrees C. less salinity and higher or lower temperatures decrease ocean density.
Three factors are evaporation and freezing of sea water.
It marginally dilutes the salinity of the sea water. and will alternate back tothe water cycle.
The Salinometer or the Barometer is used to measure the salinity of the Ocean water.
it increases the evaporation water.
it increases the evaporation of water
Wind, temperature, salinity, tides and the breaking of waves are some of the factors that affect the movement of ocean water.
Ocean and water cycle causes change in weather. The amount of moisture in air changes.
Ocean water is about 3.5% salt.
Salinity also has an affect on ocean currents. Near Iceland, if the ocean is not salty enough, the water can't get dense enough to sink. As global warming melts ice in places like greenland, the water gets fresher and sinks slower. this could slow or stop the gulfstream, or perhaps just redirect it
Deep currents form where the density of ocean water increase so, water density depends on temperature and salinity. I hope I helped you =)
You could increase the salinity of the ocean by adding salt or removing water (ie: by evaporation).