* * Dictator * Apples * Chinese people Mao Zedong or The Great Leader Chairman Mao as he is better known established the Peoples Republic of China. He led his country as Chairman of the Communist Party of China.
Only if it's someone's title. In China, under Chairman Mao, there were many persecutions of dissenters. But, if it's not used as someone's official title, it is not capitalized: Jeff was appointed chairman of the committee.