Iran demonstrates that modernization does not necessarily include?
Source: Roskin, M. (2011). Countries and concepts: Politics, geography, culture (11th ed.). New York, NY: Longman
The CIA or Central Intelligence Agency of the United States has had its hand in many affairs overseas. They got involved in overthrowing Iran and Guatemala because they wanted to prevent the rise of communist-friendly states or states whose interests did not necessarily align with those of the US or its allies.
The Iran-Iraq War featured belligerents primarily from Iran and Iraq. However, numerous other nations provided economic or military support, primarily to Iraq, but also some to Iran. These nations include the United States, Britain, Saudi Arabia, the Soviet Union, the PR China, France, Kuwait, Italy, West Germany, Egypt, Jordan, Singapore, North Korea, and Yugoslavia. No soldiers were provided by these nations.
Almost all of Africa and the surrounding areas such as Asia are in the Eastern Hemisphere, and the lower part of Africa is in the Southern Hemisphere, but that does not include Iran, so it is in the Northern Hemisphere, like the United States, and Mexico, and Europe, and Asia, well you get the point, Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.