Aurangzeb Alamgir was the sixth Mughal emperor. He ruled for 49 years and expanded the Mughal empire greatly. He was a devout Muslim and unlike Akbar, he distanced himself from secularism. Although he was a very honest and pious man by Islamic standards, but during his reign Muslim clergy grew very strong and exercised greater control over state affairs and decision making. His closeness to Muslim clergy and aloofness from other religious groups resulted in friction between religious groups and even persecution of people belonging to other religions. He is not viewed favorably by Hindus and Sikhs.