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Answered 2012-12-19 01:01:16

RIP uses UDP and Port 520

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RIP uses UDP protocol with port number 520


RIP is a IGP protocol that allows routers to advertise what they know about their routes to other routers. Since routers operate at the network layer (3), so does RIP.


Routing Information Protocol = RIP


RIP stands for routing information protocol. It is an intra domain routing protocol.


Rip V1 is Classful routing protocol Rip V2 is Classless routing Protocol


RIP is a protocol used by routers to exchange information about their routing tables. In dynamic routing, a router learns from other routers about possible routes by advertising what they know. RIP is a protocol that can do that.


RIP is a routing protocol - a protocol (set of rules) that allows a router to exchange information, with other routers, about existing routes.



Particulars RIP V1 RIP V2 VLSM Support NO Route Propogation Mechanism Broadcast (255.255.255.255 ) Multicast (224.0.0.9) Authentication Mechanism No Yes ( Text & MD5 )----RIP V1-----> Classful routing protocol.RIP V2-----> Classless routing protocol.-----------------------------------------------------RIP V1------> Subnet masks are NOT included in the routing update.RIP V2------> Subnet masks are included in the routing update.-----------------------------------------------------RIP V2 is actually an enhancement of RIP V1's features and extensions raether than an entirely new protocol.



OSPF and RIP are used in the network layer of the ISO model.


Routing is of two types static and dynamic . In dynamic routing there are two protocols interior and exterior. Interior routing is inside an autonomous system and Exterior routing is between an autonomous system.RIP is short for routing information protocol. RIP is an interior protocol that is used inside an autonomous system.


Rip and BGP is in Application layer Ospf is in Transport Layer


If the network uses the RIP protocol, router A will determine that all paths have equal cost. If the network uses the RIP protocol, router A will update only the A-C-E path in its routing table. If the network uses the EIGRP routing protocol, router A will determine that path A-D-E has the lowest cost. If both RIP and EIGRP protocols are configured on router A, the router will use the route information that is learned by the RIP routing protocol.


RIP v1 is a classfull distance vector protocol.It send and receive v1 informations only


It uses hop count in route selection. It is a distance-vector protocol.


RIP listener waits for route updates sent by routers that use the routing information protocol in a corporate LAN.


A routing protocol is a protocol that routers use to tell each other about available routes. Some of the routing protocols include RIP, EIGRP, OSPF, IS-IS, BGP.


RIP and OSpf are non-proprietary protocoleigrp is a proprietary protocol i.e it is a vendor specific


RIP Characteristics " RIP has the following key characteristics: RIP is a distance vector routing protocol. RIP uses hop count as its only metric for path selection. Advertised routes with hop counts greater than 15 are unreachable. Messages are broadcast every 30 seconds. The data portion of a RIP message is encapsulated into a UDP segment, with both source and destination port numbers set to 520. The IP header and data link headers add broadcast destination addresses before the message is sent out to all RIP configured interfaces.



you can use SHOW IP PROTOCOL you will be able to see all running protocols in your router and its details...


If you refer to a routing protocol such as OSPF, you have to assign the same area number to each. Some other routing protocols, such as RIP and EIGRP, don't have a concept of areas - so you don't need to do anything specific in the routing protocol.


There are various protocols ftp: file transfer protocol smtp: simple mail transfer protocol pop3: post office protocol ip: internet protocol tcp: transmission control protocol ospf: open shortest path first igrp: interior gateway routing protocol eigrp: enhanced interior gateway routing protocol rip: routing information protocol http: hyper text transfer protocol udp: user datagram protocol icmp: internet control message protocol


rip is short for routing information protcol it is a routing protocol that shared routing tables from 1 router to another to a maximum of 16 hops of 16 routers



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