1. A group of emigrants or their descendants who settle in a distant territory but remain subject to or closely associated with the parent country.
2. A territory thus settled. 2. A region politically controlled by a distant country; a dependency.
3. a. A group of people with the same interests or ethnic origin concentrated in a particular area: the American colony in Paris. b. The area occupied by such a group.
4. The British colonies that became the original 13 states of the United States.
5. A group of people who have been institutionalized in a relatively remote area: an island penal colony.
6. Ecology. A group of the same kind of animals, plants, or one-celled organisms living or growing together.
7. Microbiology. A visible growth of microorganisms, usually in a solid or semisolid nutrient medium.
The history of the original 13 colonies is a tangled tale indeed. There are many ways to view the events and, in hind sight, it is easy to think you understand. The Thirteen Colonies were British colonies in North America founded between 1607, with the settlement of Virginia, and 1732, with the settlement of Georgia. Although Britain held additional colonies in North America and the West Indies, the colonies referred to as the "thirteen" are those that rebelled against British rule in 1775, and formally proclaimed their independence as the United States of America on July 4, 1776.