Some key teachings of Judaism are:
Orthodox Jewish Beliefs
There are certain basic beliefs that characterize Orthodox Judaism, although there is a fair amount of flexibility among the major Jewish thinkers.
Judaism is a monotheistic faith; this means they believe in one God. Jewish people have a strong sense of community and feel that they are connected to one another no matter the distance. The religious text they use is referred to as The Torah; and they consider the 10 Commandments to be very important.
Jews believe in One God, who created everything and gave the Torah. Jews believe in the existence of the soul and afterlife.
In today's world, we have to keep in mind that the term 'Jewish' can relate to a religious belief or a nationality where there may be no religion involved. With this in mind, Judaism has branches just like most other religions. There is no 'creed' but there are 13 'core beliefs' stated by Maimonides's which many follow. They include One God as mentioned above and ends with a belief in a resurrection - to physical life again (see Ezekiel 37). Some believe in a shadowy existence after death with God. This is not quite the same as the heaven and hell concept of many Christian churches.
The philosophy of Judaism is that this world is a purposeful creation by God*, in which all people are tested concerning their use of free-will. We possess a soul which lives on after the body dies and is held responsible for the person's actions. Anyone who is worthy, Jewish or not, can merit reward in the afterlife.
Here is a list of the most basic beliefs of Judaism, as collated by Maimonides:
1. God exists, and is the Creator.
This tells us that the world is not purposeless or chaotic. Life is the result of a deliberate, purposeful, intelligent and kind Creator; not a melancholy chaos or a string of fortuitous accidents.
2. God is One and unique.
This is the basis of all Western monotheistic belief, which was given to the world by Abraham and his descendants. This belief places God at the center of reality and of our world-outlook and thoughts.
3. God is not physical.
This includes the corollary that no person should be worshiped as God or as a god. Judaism has no god-kings, no demigods, no angel who flouts God's will, and no sports-idols, movie-idols etc.
4. God is eternal.
This includes the belief that God's ways are also eternal. God is not capricious, forgetful or fickle. Investing in a relationship with God is the only thing that will bear eternal benefits.
5. Prayer is to be directed only to God.
This also teaches us that no person, government or institution is to be accorded blind trust. We pray directly to God, three times a day; and we recount our shortcomings, ask for our needs, and acknowledge our successes with happy thanks.
Hebrew Bible have been coming true throughout history. Even secular archaeologists (the unbiased ones) have stated that the Hebrew Bible is the most accurate of historical records, as the disdainful theories of Wellhausen and Bible-critics of his ilk have been shattered by the archaeologist's spade. A list of Bible verses which were deemed anachronistic but later shown to be perfectly accurate would run into the many hundreds. 7. The prophecies of Moses are true; and he was the greatest prophet.
6. The words of the prophets are true.
8. The Torah was given to Moses by God.
These two beliefs are the basis of our attitude towards the Torah: it is the center of our lives. Jews are keeping mitzvot (commands), saying blessings, praying, learning Torah and doing acts of kindness and charity all the time. The Torah is the single greatest thing that a Jew has; given to us to provide knowledge, guidance, inspiration, awe and reverence, advice, law, comfort, history and more. It is the basis of Judaism.
9. There will be no other Torah.
We Jews have been around for 3800 years. New fads, manifestos, beliefs or lifestyles which rear their heads are met by the Jew with a calm, seasoned eye and the proverbial grain of salt. The Torah doesn't change; and every new thing can be measured against the Torah's standards.
10. God knows the thoughts and deeds of all.
11. God rewards the good and punishes the wicked.
These two beliefs provide a vast incentive towards righteousness and, when needed, repentance.
They also form part of the basis of our belief in the afterlife, since this entire world wouldn't be enough to reward a Moses or punish a Hitler.
God is just (Deuteronomy 32:4); and all outstanding accounts are settled after this life.
12. The Messiah will come.
13. The dead will be resurrected.
Judaism is the only ancient religion which taught optimism; and a large part of that optimism was and is based upon the words of the prophets.
what are some anti-Jewish laws, beliefs during the world war 2 period
it depends on their Jewish beliefs but most don't eat kosher and some do if they do they have two spread dishes sets:)
Some of the Jewish beliefs when it comes to women and marriage are that married women should keep their hair covered at all times when out in public, and that any income that women bring to the household belong to the husband.
Writings about Jewish beliefs created about 2000 years ago
There are an infinite number of Jewish beliefs. But recurring themes are the ideas of one God and the importance of loving other people.
His father was Jewish, his mother was not. His religious beliefs are unknown.
Jewish BeliefsJewish people believe in one God who created everthing.
Belief in God. The Torah and its attitudes, beliefs and commands.
There are no facts about God. There are only beliefs. Jewish beliefs in God vary to the extreme. But some commonly held beliefs are:God has no physical formGod is goodGod is the Creator of the universeGod us a unity (as opposed to the Christian idea of a trinity)God is everywhere
Jewish beliefs and observances are what defines a practicing Jew. Without them he/she might become unidentifiable as a Jew. We believe that our Torah and its beliefs and observances bind us to God.
In contrast to some neighboring countries, Israel has no state religion, though most people in Israel are Jewish.
The covenant-relationship is the basis of Jewish beliefs and practices throughout history, since it binds us to the observance of the Torah.
The Tanakh (Jewish Bible).
Most (but not all) Jews have the same core beliefs:- there is only one G-d - all humans are equally G-d's children- 'love thy neighbour' (a Jewish teaching thousands of years before Christianity 'borrowed' it...!)
the entire Torah and Talmud.
Belief in One God and the Torah.
Islam and Christianity
Jewish Torah-beliefs include: believing in One God, the existence of the soul, free-will and responsibility, the importance of the Torah and its commands, and the Oral Torah and Torah-sages.
Yes. See each link for information.Jewish beliefsJewish originsThe Jewish book of teachingsJewish place of worship
France is highly Catholic, but there is small presence of Protestant, Muslim, and Jewish religions, as well as some individuals who are unaffiliated.