1. We believe in the supreme reality of Spain. To strengthen it, elevate it, and improve it, is the urgent collective task of all Spaniards. In order to achieve this end, the interest of individuals, groups and classes will have to be remorselessly waived.
2. Spain is a destined unity in the universe. Any conspiracy against that unity is abhorrent. Any form of seperatism is an unpardonable crime. The existing constitution, in so far as it encourages any disunity, commits a crime against the destinty of Spain. For this reason we demand its immediate abrogation.
3. We have a will to empire. We affirm that the full history of Spain implies an empire. We demand for Spain a pre-eminent place in Europe. We will not put up with international isolation or with foreign interference. With regard to the Hispano American countries, we will aim at unification of culture, of economic interests and of power. Spain claims a pre-eminent place in all common tasks, because of her position as the spiritual cradle of the Spanish world.
4. Our armed forces, on land, on sea and in the air, must be as efficient and numerous as may be necessary to assure Spain's complete independence at all times and that world leadership which is her due. We shall restore to the armies on land and sea and in the air, all the dignity they deserve and, following their ideal, we shall see to it that a military view of life shall shape Spanish existence.
5. Spain will seek again her glory and her riches by means of the sea. Spain must aspire to become a great maritime power, for her defense and for her commerce. We demand for our Motherland an equally high standing for our Navy and our Air Force.
6. Our state will be a totalitarian instrument in the service of National integrity. All Spaniards will take part in it through their family, municipal and syndical functions. No one shall take part in it through any political party. The system of political parties will be implacably abolished, with all that flows from them - inorganic suffrage, representation by conflicting parties, and parliament of the familiar type.
7. Human dignity, the inegrity of man, and his liberty, are eternal and untouchable values. But only he is really free who forms part of a strong and free nation. No one will be allowed to use his liberty against the unity, strength and liberty of the country. A rigorous discipline will prevent any attempt to poison, disunite or influence Spaniards aganst the destiny of the Motherland.
8. The National-Syndicalist state will permit every private initiative which is copmpatible withe the collective interest of all, and will even protect and encourage beneficial enterprizes.
9. In the econimic sphere we imagine Spain as one gigantic syndicate of producers. We shall organize Spanish society in a corporative manner by means of a system of vertical syndicates with branches of production in the service of national economic integrity.
10. We repudiate any capitalist system which ignores popular necessities, dehumanizes private property and huddles workers into shapeless masses ripe for misery and despair. Our spiritual and national sense also repudiates Marxism. We shall organize the impulses of the working-classes, led astray today by Marxism, by exacting their direct participation in the great task of the national state.
11. The National-Syndicalist state will not cruelly ignore economic conflicts, and therefore will not stand unmoved in face of a domination of the weakest class by the strongest. Our regime will make class war radically impossible, inasmuch as all those who coopperate in production will be part of an organic whole. We abhore, and will prevent at all costs, the abuse of one partial interest by another and anarchy in the field of work.
12. The first object of wealth - and our state will affirm this- is to better the people's conditions of life. It is intolerable that great masses of people should live miserably whilst the few enjoy every luxury.
13. The state will recognize private property as a lawful means of fulfilling individual, family and social ends, and will protect it against the abuses of the great financiers, speculators and money lenders.
14. We uphold the tendency towards nationalization of the banking services and also, through the medium of Corporations, that of the big public services.
15. Every Spaniard has a right to work. Public bodies will, as a matter of course, assist those who are unable to find work. Until we have built up the new structure, we will maintain and intensify all the advantages which have been afforded to the worker by the existing social laws.
16. Every Spaniard who is physically fit has the duty of working. The National-Syndicalist state will not extend the slightest consideration to those who do not engage in any definite employment and aspire to live like invited guests at the cost of the effort of others.
17. At all costs the standard of life in the country must be raised. It is the permanent spring of the life of Spain. To this end, we bind ourselves to carry out without hesitation the economic and social reform of Agriculture.
18. We shall enrich agriculture production ( economic reform ) by the following means:
(a) By assuring for all products of the soil a remunerative minum price.
(b) We shall insist that a great part of what is to-day absorbed by the towns in payment of their intellectual and commercial services shall be returned to the land so that it may be sufficently endowed.
(c) By organizing a real National Agriculture credit scheme which, by advancing money at low interest to the laborer on the security of his goods and harvests, will save him from usary and the domination of the political bosses.
(d) By spreading the teaching of agriculture and cattle-breeding.
(e) By arranging the allotment of land according to its conditions and with regard to the possible disposal of its products.
(f) By arranging tariffs so that they shall protect agriculture and the cattle industry.
(g) By the acceleration of irrigation works.
(h) By rationalizing the units of agriculture in order to suppress both the large neglected estates as well as small properties which are non-economic because of their poor return.
19. We shall organize Agriculture socially by the following means:
(a) By redistributing cultivable land in order to set up family properties and energetically stimulate the syndication of laborers.
(b) By ending the misery of the human masses who to-day wear themselves out ploughing sterile land, and who will be transferred to new cultivable land.
20. We shall embark on an untiring campaign to increase the importance of raising cattle and reforestation, taking severe measures against any persons who may place obstacles in the way, going so far as temporary compulsory mobilization of the whole Spanish youth for this historic task of reconstruction of the National wealth.
21. The state will be empowered to expropriate without compensation any property which has been illegitimately acquired or enjoyed.
22. The reconstruction of the communal land of the villages will be one of the first objects of the National-Syndicalist state.
23. It is the essential task of the State, by means of a rigorous discipline in education, to build up a strong and united National spirit and to instil into the souls of the future generations happiness and pride in country. Every man will receive a pre-military education in order to prepare him for the honor of being in the National and Popular Army of Spain.
24. Culture will be organized in such a form that no talent shall run to seed for want of economic means. All those who deserve it will have easy access to the university.
25. Our movement will incorporate the Catholic spirit - of glorious tradition and predominant in Spain- in the national reconstruction. The Church and the State will arrange a Concordat defining their respective spheres. But the State will not permit any interference or activity which might lower its dignity or National integrity.
26. The Spanish Traditional Phalanx of the J.O.N.S. desires a new order of things, which has been set out in the principles announced above. Its methods are preferably direct, ardent and combative. Life is a battle, and must be lived with a spirit alight with service and sacrifice.
It was easier to overthrow the Spanish government.Aggressive nations were given an advantage.
Ernest Hemingway was in the 1930s Spanish Civil War.
The Spanish Civil War was in the late 1930's
During and decades after the Spanish civil war of the 1930's the fascist leader in Spain was General Francisco Franco. Hitler aided Franco during the Spanish civil war.
Most Spanish Immigration occurred in the 1930s during the Spanish civil war Many u.s. citizens have emigrated to Mexico over the years APEX:)
Most Spanish immigration occurred in the 1930s during the Spanish civil war Many u.s. citizens have emigrated to Mexico over the years
Lash Larue About a guy that used a bull whip instead of a pistol.
egypt in 1930s
most were farmers.
what was the fashion for the 1930s
Click on the 'NFL History of the 1930s' to read about the NFL world of the 1930s.
Franco was a Spanish facsist who tried to instate a Facsist government in Spain. His forces attempted the takeover in the 1930s in what is known as the Spanish Civil War. The only country to fight with the Spanish democratic government was the Soviet Union.
In the 1930s, Spain had a parliamentary democracy. It was called the Second Republic. The Second Republic was put in jeopardy by the Spanish Civil War in 1936-1939 and overthrown at the wars end by the Nationalists under Franco who established a Fascist State.
taboos for women in 1930s
The Spanish Civil war was used to test aircraft, tanks and tactics by the Germans.
King George V ruled in the 1930s.
Depends on the sentence. "The 1930s were the highlight of American culture." - subject, noun. "Wow, your jeans are sooo 1930s." - predicate adjective, adjective "I haven't partied that hard since the 1930s." - not sure, but a noun. "How were the 1930s?" - predicate nominative, noun.
Hitler's rise to power and the Spanish Civil War which was used as test vehicle for the tactics, armament and equipment of WW2.
AGeorge WashingtonBGeorge BushCRichard NixonDFranklin Delano Roosevelt
A binary encoder is a person who creates a code used to program computers at the most basic level. Claude Shanna developed binary encoding in the 1930s.
I'm not sure of the spelling but it was Franklin Delano Roosevelt ,