Comparative Religions and Denominations

What are the differences between Catholics and other Christians?


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2016-05-27 12:38:55
2016-05-27 12:38:55


  • Catholics: The bread and wine in the Eucharist are miraculously, and mysteriously, changed in to the Body and Blood of Christ through the power of the Holy Spirit.
  • Other Christians: The bread and wine in Communion is symbolic--a representation of Christ's body and blood.


  • Catholics: There are seven sacraments (holy moments): Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Marriage, Ordination, Reconciliation/Confession and Anointing of the Sick.
  • Other Christians: Other than baptism and communion, no religious rites are necessary.


  • Catholics: It is Christ's will that there be 3 types of minister in the Church: bishops, presbyters/priests and deacons.
  • Other Christians: There are varying levels of clergy depending on the denomination (e.g. some have bishops, others do not); for most denominations the head of the individual church is the pastor; some also have deacons and elders.


  • Catholics: The saints are worthy of both honour and respect due to their fidelity to Christ. Catholics do not pray to saints, but ask saints to pray for them just as a they would ask any Christian for prayer. For Catholics, saints' physical bodies may be dead, but they are spiritually with Christ.
  • Other Christians: All born-again believers (according to the New Testament) are saints (and can pray directly to God).

Mary, Mother of Jesus

  • Catholics: The greatest saint is Mary, Mother of Jesus. Mary was so full of love for God that she did not sin (Immaculate Conception).
  • Other Christians respect Mary as Jesus' mother but believe that she sinned like any other person.
  • Catholics: Because she did not sin, Mary's resurrected body was taken into heaven immediately after her death (the Assumption).
  • Other Christians believe Mary's body was buried.


  • Catholics believe that only a person perfectly open to God can enter heaven; thus, when someone dies the sinfulness left inside is purged (Purgatory) by God's love. Purgatory is not a place but an experience.
  • Other Christians do not have a doctrine of purgation. Most say that the soul goes immediately to either heaven or hell.

Tradition vs. Scripture

  • Catholics: God not only speaks to His people through Sacred Scripture, but also through the daily life of the Church over a long period of time; this is called tradition, and, although important, can never contradict Scripture.
  • Other Christians: Scripture alone is Truth, although some groups (e.g. Anglicans) do value tradition.

The Pope

  • Catholics: The Bishop of Rome (pope) is the spiritual leader of the Church (Christ is the Head), as this is Christ's will.
  • Other Christians: the pope is not the spiritual leader, although some non-Catholics (e.g. Anglicans) have their own spiritual leader.
  • Catholics: Though he is capable of making mistakes, when the pope formally speaks about morals or dogma in the name of the whole Church, he cannot make a mistake because the Holy Spirit guides the Church. (Infallibility). This has only happened twice.
  • Other Christians do not accept papal infallibility and do not believe that any one person can speak for the Church.


The above are the main doctrinal differences between Catholicism and non-Catholic Christianity. There are other differences, but these are due to human law, not divine, and may change e.g. Catholic priests of the Latin Rite may not be married, how the Church is governed and who chooses Church leaders.

And this only addresses Western Christianity. Coptic and the many versions of Orthodox Christianity (Greek, Ethiopian, etc.) are more similar to Catholic Christianity than to Protestant Christianity, but the specific differences go beyond the simple answer this question was seeking.


Related Questions

Well, the biger difference is that the catholics follow mostly their religion and the other cristians follow just the bible and god not a religion. And the similarity is that they both obey the same god.

There shouldn't be any differences, as Jesuits are Catholics.

Only Catholics use rosaries. Other Christians do not.

Well seeing as all Catholics are Christians, no. Christianity is the overall title for Protestants and Catholics. And all other denominations are within those(more specifically, Protestantism). Meaning all Catholics are Christians, but not all Christians are Catholic. So there are more Christians than there are Catholics..Catholic AnswerAll Catholics are Christians. Some who are outside the visible Church may be Christians if they are validly baptized and believe in the Nicene Creed in its traditional interpretation, so due to these invisible members of the Church, one could say that there were more Christians than Catholics.

Catholics believe in every sacrament, all seven, instead of many Protestant religions, believing in only two sacraments.

Catholics are Christian. Catholicism is one of many Christian denominations. Others include Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist - as well as many others. So, the differences between Catholicism and another Christian group depends a lot on what exactly the other group is. The differences between Catholics and Eastern Orthodox will be quite different than say, a list of differences between Catholics and Baptists.

Catholicism was founded by Jesus Christ. The others (except the Orthodox) were founded by men.

Christians are Protestants.Roman Catholic AnswerThat is a very interesting question that can not be answered for the simple reason that different people define those words differently. Catholics say that anyone who is validly baptised and professes the Nicene Creed in its traditional interpretration is a Christian. At this point in time, that would exclude the vast majority of protestants. Protestants, on the other hand, use the word "Christian" to exclude Catholics, which rather boggles the mind, as there were no other Christians than Catholics for most of the centuries between us and Biblical times.

Anglican Protestants, with a minority of other Protestants, Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians.

All Catholics are Christians. Catholics belong to one of the Christian denominations. There are also many other Christian denominations, so there are more Christians than Catholics.

diseases transmitted by Catholics and other Christians.

Catholics are Christians who follow the teachings and leadership of the Roman Catholic Pope, who is based in Rome, Italy. Other Christians who are not Catholics generally do not follow the Pope, and have different views of what is important in the rituals of the Christian religion. Religions that are not Christian religions are more different, as they do not consider Jesus to have been divine or the son of the deity.

Melkites, as well as other Eastern Rites within the Catholic Church are all Catholics under the leadership of the Pope in Rome. There are minor differences in Mass rituals and language but, essentially, there are no major differences.

Christians celebrate their naming cermonies at a church. Muslims on the other hand do not.

Protestants are Christians other than Catholics and Orthodox. This includes Anglicans (Episcopalians), Lutherans, Methodists, Baptists, etc.

catholics believe that jesus was the messiah. and technecally catholics are christians. being a christian means you follow christ. Technically there is more to that. Ya Catholics and Christians believe in Jesus Christ But there is differences as well. Some people say there both which is quite confusing. In some ways they are the same in some way they aren't Catholics under NO circumstances believe in abortion. Christians under some do. Basically Catholics have a lot of republican beliefs. It depends on the church really. It's complicated. The best way to find out is to ask someone.

No, they are not the same. Catholics are Christians, but not all Christians are Catholic. Christians are those that believe in Jesus Christ as the son of God. In addition to Catholics, Christianity includes Anglicans, Lutherans, Baptists, Methodists, Episcopalians, and numerous other churches.

First of all Catholics are Christians; Catholicism is a part of Christianity, it's not a separate religion. Now to answer your question: The majority of Christians in Rome are Catholics, however there are also minority communities of Anglican, Orthodox, and perhaps other Christians.

in the Philippines 47% are catholics 33% are born again christians 15% are Muslims and 5% for other religious groups

The difference between other Christians and Seventh-Day Adventists is that we are absolute 10 commandment keepers, we believe that Ellen G.White was a prophet of God, we keep Lev.11 dealing with food and the sabbath.

That it happened, the same as all other Christians.

Is there anything against a Christian and a human being dating? Christians are human beings! And Catholics are Christians. Here are the four main branches of Christianity: * Orthodox (Greek Orthodox; Russian Orthodox, etc) * Catholic * Protestant * Non-denominational Christians The Catholic Church has traditionally encouraged its members to marry other Catholics; for this reason the Church encourages limiting steady dating to other Catholics. However, in practice Catholics in good standing frequently date and marry non-Catholics.

A:Christians do actually believe in miracles - just not the miracles of faiths other than their own. Catholics believe that miracles are constantly being performed, but other Christians believe the age of miracles is over.

In the context of Colonial America, although also true in any other context, the difference between Puritan and Catholic Christians can be summarized as follows: As Protestants, the Puritans emphasized the individual's faith-experience and the Christian Bible as essential for Christians. By contrast, Catholics emphasized as essential Church traditions, the celebration of the 'sacraments,' and the hierarchy of Church leaders.

Roman Catholic AnswerCatholics call themselves Christians because they are Christians. Catholics are forbidden by the Commandments to worship pictures, handmade things, or to commit idolatry so they do none of these things.

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