New Testament
Old Testament
Comparative Religions and Denominations

What are the purposes of the two documents known as the Ten Commandments and Hummurabi Code?


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The Ten Commandments is a fairly short code that is substantially about worship, with the first three of the ten commandments requiring believers to worship God only and the fourth requiring observance of the Sabbath. The fifth commandment tells us to honour our parents, which is a commandment more about family relations than law. The next four commandments are concerned with prohibiting murder, adultery, theft and false witness, but only as general statements. The tenth commandment can be defined as dealing with protecting property rights because it tells us not to covet the property of our neighbour, but it does not tell us how to sue a person for thinking these things.

The Code of Hammurabi is a comprehensive Babylonian law code, dating from about 1772 BCE, making it one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The laws are arranged in orderly groups, so that everyone who read them would know what was required under law.