Comparative Religions and Denominations

Comparative religion refers to the study that analyzes the differences and similarities of concepts, myths, themes and rituals among the religions in the world. It also refers to man’s ideas about the spiritual, the sacred and the divine.

5,039 Questions
Comparative Religions and Denominations
History of India

What are a Hindu's beliefs?

All Hindus are Aryans, who were the original natives of India that was Aryavrat or Bharatvarsh. Aryans had a four-fold division of society. Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras. Hindus believe in the doctrine of ahimsa, or causing no harm. For this reason many Hindus are vegetarians. Hindu scripture mentions reincarnation and certain persons have been considered avatars, or reincarnations, of gods.

Aryans were not barbarians. They had a beautiful language and a wise scripture. They may have come more than 5,000 years ago. The chief God of Aryans was Indra. It is the Aryan Gods who were relegated to secondary status. The indigenous belief won, that is why hindus worship Rama, Krishna, Shiva, Ganesha, Kartikeya, Durga, Lakshmi, Parvati, all of whom find no mention in Vedas because Vedas don't contain history. They are only Vedic scriptures.

It is a wise thing to change traditions and beliefs according to advances in science and the needs of the society. Yes, Hindus have freedom of personal belief, which is not available in Christianity or Islam. This is something which they should be proud of.

All mythological stories are seemingly illogical, whether in Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, or Hinduism. But they contain directions as to how life should be lived. Hinduism has an advantage that you can criticize even the actions of Gods. This would be considered blasphemy in Christianity or Islam.

All religions also show the way to live. That is the central message of any religion. Cow has a special place in Indian life. It gives us milk, yoghurt, whey, butter, cheese, and khoya (milk solids). Even after death, the hide is used for foot-wear. Indian diet is incomplete without them. Its calves gow up to till the land or pull the cart. Cowdung is used as a fuel, as a fertilizer, and to freshen the walls of adobe huts. More than that it is a family pet and sometimes the only valuable thing in a poor household. It is too precious to be eaten up. Nobody has stopped rearing of cows, it is considered a very pious act in Hinduism. Yes, there are Hindu communities which partake beef. Is eating beef the solution to all Indian economic problems?

Comparative Religions and Denominations

What are the similarities and differences of the Catholic and Methodist churches?

Similarities of Catholic and Methodists
  • Catholics and Methodists believe in the holy Trinity (the Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit).
  • Methodists and Catholics share the same Doctrine of Justification.
  • Both follow some form of Apostolic Succession.
  • Sign of the cross and votive candles, though more common in Catholicism are used in both.
  • Hagiography, or study of the Saints, is encouraged.
  • Both practice infant bapitsm.
  • Prayer beads (rosaries) can be used in both churches, but are more common in Catholicism.
  • Both use altars and have either an altar cross or crucifix.
  • Both recite the same Creeds (Nicene, Apostle's, etc).
  • Both consider themselves part of the Communion of Saints and the Holy Catholic Church. (In this case "Holy Catholic Church" means part of the church on a global scale.)
  • Both bow when aproaching the altar.
  • Ministers and Bishops must be ordained.
  • Catholics hold that the Roman Catholic Church's teachings and traditions are as important as the Scripture, whereas Methodists teach that truth comes from Scripture only.
  • Though the Methodist church does not deny the historical content of the Apocrypha, it does not consider it to be a Holy Book as the Catholic church does.
  • The most important piece of the Catholic Mass is receiving the body and blood of Jesus Christ through communion; the focus of a Methodist service is on the readings and liturgies. When Methodists receive communion, they believe that Jesus is spiritually, not physically, present. Catholics serve a closed table 9only Catholics may partake) while Methodists serve an open (anybody who feels inclined may partake).
  • Catholics Have 7 Sacraments but Methodists have only 2 ,the Eucharist and Holy Baptism.
  • Confession is required in the Catholic faith, but optional in Methodism.
  • Methodists ordain women, Catholics do not.
Comparative Religions and Denominations
Religion & Spirituality

Why do people get married in religion?

People need something to say, we are one we are apart. Getting married is simply away to express this. Society has corrupted the world, it is now thought that to really be in love you must be married.And in religion it's just a contract saying we will always be together and not cheat

Comparative Religions and Denominations
The Difference Between

What are the differences between monotheism in Judaism and Christianity?

Modern Judaism is called "strongly monotheistic" because it accepts no deity other than their God. It even refuses the Zoroastrian and Christian notion of Satan as the evil adversary of God, since that would concede a level of autonomy to Satan that is inconsistent with strong monotheism. Instead, Satan is the loyal assistant of God, tasked by him with tempting the faithful in order to test their righteousness.

Christianity is sometimes called weak monotheism, because it accepts three Gods in one Holy Trinity. Without the notion of the Trinity, Christianity would arguably be polytheistic. Some have said thatthe Mariology of the Catholic Church could be regarded as a mild form of polytheism.

Comparative Religions and Denominations
The Difference Between

What are the differences between Catholic and protistant churches?

Catholicism emphasizes the Authority of the Church, & then the authority of Sacred Scripture.

Protestantism emphasizes the authority of Sacred Scripture, & then the authority of their various churches.

Orthodoxy is just like Catholicism: It emphasizes the authority of the Church first, & then Sacred Scripture.

Catholicism also emphasizes Church governance, History, Tradition, Rules and Symbolism. Protestantism leans more on a personal relationship with Christ. Catholicism tends to be more formal. Protestantism tends to be more open to change and contemporary trends.

Comparative Religions and Denominations

What is a difference between a contemplative religious and apostolic religious?

All Religious should have contemplation as the core of their spiritual life. However, technically speaking, an apostolic religious is one who is not cloistered* and who has an additional ministry among the people of God. A contemplative is usually a cloistered religious whose way of life allows more time for meditation and contemplation, and whose day, (in the Catholic Church) is woven around the "Hours", which are prayers said together at certain times throughout the day..

*A cloistered religious lives in a monastery and usually remains there. Visitors are strictly regulated. The Catholic Church has rules and regulations regarding cloister.

This is, at least, how I understand the terms.

Comparative Religions and Denominations
Religion & Spirituality

Why do people pray during worship?

Prayer is an important part of our worship to God. Perhaps the simplest answer is that we need to. Prayer, after all, is generally seen as a way for people to reach out to the spirit realm, to something they view as holy, or sacred, and eternal. The Bible shows that we were made with an appetite for such things. (Ecclesiastes 3:11) Jesus Christ once said: "Happy are those conscious of their spiritual need."-Matthew 5:3. Jesus also said: "Ask and you will receive." (John 16:24) In this way, we demonstrate our reliance on God.

Prayer is not an empty ritual, nor is it merely a means by which to gain something. A major reason for approaching God is to have a close relationship with him. Our prayers should therefore be directed to Jehovah God. "Jehovah is near to all those calling upon him," said the psalmist David. (Psalm 145:18) Jehovah invites us to come into a peaceful relationship with him. (Isaiah 1:18)

Religion & Spirituality
Comparative Religions and Denominations

What does Incarnation mean to Christians and non Christians today?

Answer 1: to me as a christian it doesn't mean nothing. I do believe in a new and transformed glorious body, but not to be incorporated into someone else's body or any other type of body. Jesus was conceived by the Holy Ghost, but then again was God in a human body, his own body. Incarnation means "out of flesh born." Answer2: Incarnation literally means "the embodiment of a deity or spirit in some earthly form," or "a concrete or actual form of a quality or concept."

The Incarnation, to most Christians, refers to God coming down to Earth as a man, Jesus, also called the Christ. The Bible indicates that Jesus claimed to be God Incarnate, or in the flesh, on several occasions, although some segments debate this interpretation. The only way Jesus' death could be the once-for-all atonement for our sins is for Him to have been sinless, which would be impossible had he been a mere man. Only by being both God *and* man could His death on the cross substitute for our own.

I would presume that incarnation for a non-Christian would refer to the second definition above, or perhaps to the possession of a body or object by a ghost or spirit, depending on one's view of things spiritual.

Possible answer for non-Christians:

We are all incarnate using the definition of the previous answer. God is the father of us all. Jesus claimed to be the son of God, not the only one. Answer 3: Jesus never claimed to be the 'Son of God' - that title was given to him by others. He claimed much more. He claimed to be 'God the Son' - something very very different. By forgiving sins (only God could do that), by his miracles (only God could heal), by his teaching with authority (rather than second hand from the law) and by his claim to be 'I AM' (ja-whe, jehovah) - 'My father and I are one', Jesus claimed to be God incarnate. That is one of the reasons why Christians follow him.

This is a critical question. How do we modern Christians, post-Christians or non-Christians understand the Incarnation today and still be true to ourselves and our God? I think it comes down to the recognition in the prayer or meditation experience that we are part of the all, that we are not really separate from the dynamic flow of matter and energy that constitutes the Universe, but that we are a part of it, sharing in the dynamic transformations of energy and matter at a given time in phase space. In this way we are incarnations of God, the very Ground of Being. People who value Jesus see in Him that he recognized the incarnation in himself, and early on especially in St. Paul's writings the thought was that we all had the power to become sons of God. The early community believed that when they looked at Jesus, his life, his death and his resurrection, that they could see the saving power of God. At some point this got distorted and frozen in a somewhat lifeless formula that highlighting Jesus' breakthrough to God, forgot that the rest of us could also recognize that we too are a part of the divine mystery. Thank God that at least some of this was retained for us mere humans in the doctrine of the eucharist where the mystery of the incarnation is seen in the fact that the bread and wine are identical with Jesus and this becomes for us a portal where we can discover our own communion with God. This may be getting a bit fuzzy but what I'm trying to get across is that our connection to god is the true mystery, Jesus saw it and we honor that in him, and we can find it in ourselves too. Answer4: As a Christian this means at least three important things.

Firstly it means that Jesus Christ who was and is the eternal God and creator of the universe understands us (although He probably did anyway since He knows everything). At least we are able to see that since He became a man and walked and talked and saw and ate and slept etc that He knows what the human condition is about. Obviously He didn't need to experience absolutely everything but He did become flesh and blood as we are.

Secondly, He may have understood but we need to know that He cares. If He knew about things but was indifferent that would not be a God worthy of worship. But His every move showed compassion both for the lost sheep as well as for the sick and suffering, even though healing was not the main reason why He came.

Thirdly, He came to die. That says more than anything else, given the terrible pain and suffering involved. He did it for everyone on the planet, including anyone who reads this.

The answer is simplicity it's self There is nothing outside of god We man are as much a part of god as as rock or a beam of light or for that matter a pile of manure. God is omnipotent and there is nothing outside of omnipotence. Answer 5: As a Christian, I do not believe in incarnation. When you die, God will choose what your faith will be. The Bible does not answer many questions about after death such as, is there a Purgatory? I don't think God would reincarnate someone, but he could. Answer 6: This is my answer from the view of an Evangelical Christian.

I think most the people are confusing the word incarnate with reincarnation. which would be a very easy mistake.

the word incarnate simply means ( embodied in flesh; given a bodily, esp. a human, form: a devil incarnate.)

In the view of a christian the anti-Christ would actually be Satan incarnate. More importantly Jesus took human form here on earth so at that time he would be God incarnate.

I'll explain reincarnation after reincarnate so i can teach the difference, there actually two different words.

Answer 7: Now Christians believe in being reincarnated. They may not know it but they do. you see reincarnate means ( to give another body to; incarnate again.)and, another definition says (To cause to be reborn in another body; incarnate again.) and one more (To cause to appear in a new form; refurbish or revitalize) any of these sounding familiar now guys?.

once again i believe people would be confusing words. reincarnation means (the belief that the soul, upon death of the body, comes back to earth in another body or form.)

When you become a Christian your born into the family of God, you become one of his children. then when you die you go to heaven and take on a new glorified body.


Christians do not believe in reincarnation. but however believe in being reincarnated. and the incarnation of Jesus Christ when he walked here on earth.

non-Christians? Some people believe in reincarnation and some may not believe in incarnation or being reincarnated.


Christians go to heaven.

(NIV) John 3:16 "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son,that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life."


this may be a little hard to understand because of all the similar words. Just keep in mind that reincarnation is different from incarnation,reincarnate and reincarnated.

I found the good answer.
Almighty God says,"God become flesh is called Christ, and so the Christ that can give people the truth is called God. "
"The meaning of incarnation is that God appears in the flesh, and He comes to work among man of His creation in the image of a flesh. So, for God to be incarnated, He must first be flesh, flesh with normal humanity; this, at the very least, must be true. In fact, the implication of God's incarnation is that God lives and works in the flesh, God in His very essence becomes flesh, becomes a man. His incarnate life and work can be divided into two stages. First is the life He lives before performing His ministry. He lives in an ordinary human family, in utterly normal humanity, obeying the normal morals and laws of human life, with normal human needs (food, clothing, shelter, sleep), normal human weaknesses, and normal human emotions. In other words, during this first stage He lives in non-divine, completely normal humanity, engaging in all the normal human activities. The second stage is the life He lives after beginning to perform His ministry. He still dwells in the ordinary humanity with a normal human shell, showing no outward sign of the supernatural. Yet He lives purely for the sake of His ministry, and during this time His normal humanity exists entirely in service of the normal work of His divinity; for by then His normal humanity has matured to the point of being able to perform His ministry. So the second stage of His life is to perform His ministry in His normal humanity, is a life both of normal humanity and of complete divinity. "
" The Christ with normal humanity is a flesh in which the Spirit is realized, possessing normal humanity, normal rationality, and human thought. "Being realized" means God becoming man, the Spirit becoming flesh; to put it plainly, it is when God Himself inhabits a flesh with normal humanity, and through it expresses His divine work-this is what it means to be "realized," or incarnated. "(from The Word Appears in the Flesh)

Comparative Religions and Denominations

What are some differences between Hinduism and Buddhism?

Following are some of the differences we can see in the principles and practice of these two religions:

  • Hinduism is not founded by any particular prophet. Buddhism was founded by the Buddha.
  • Hinduism believes in the efficacy and supremacy of the Vedas. The Buddhist do not believe in the Vedas or for that matter any Hindu scripture.
  • Buddhism does not believe in the existence of souls as well in the first cause, whom we generally call God. Hinduism believe in the existence of 'Atman', that is the individual soul and Brahman, the Supreme Creator.
  • Hinduism accepts the Buddha as an incarnation of Mahavishnu, one of the gods of Hindu trinity. The Buddhist do not accept any Hindu god either as equivalent or superior to the Buddha. Buddhism acknowledge the existence of some gods and goddesses of Hindu pantheon, but give them a rather subordinate status.
  • The original Buddhism as taught by the Buddha is known as Theravada Buddhism or Hinayana Buddhism. Followers of this do not worship images of the Buddha nor believe in the Bodhisattvas. The Mahayana sect considers the Buddha as the Supreme Soul or the Highest Being, akin to the Brahman of Hinduism and worship him in the form of images and icons.
  • The Buddhists consider the world to be full of sorrow and regard ending the sorrow as the chief aim of human life. The Hindus consider that there are four chief aims (arthas) in life which every being should pursue. They are Dharma (religious duty), Artha (wealth or material possessions), Kama (desires and passions) and Moksha (salvation.)
  • Hindus also believe in the four Ashramas or stages in life. This is not followed in Buddhism. People can join the Order any time depending upon their spiritual preparedness.
  • Buddhists organize themselves into a monastic Order (Sangha) and the monks live in groups. Hinduism is basically a religion of the individual.
  • Buddhism believes in the concept of Bodhisattvas. Hinduism does not believe in it.
  • Buddha, the Sangha and Dhamma are the three cardinal requirements on the eight-fold path. Hinduism offers many choices to its followers on the path of self-realization.
  • Although both religions believe in Karma and rebirth, they differ in the manner in which they operate and impact the existence of individual beings.
Comparative Religions and Denominations

How is a Pentecostal church different from other doctrines of Christianity?

Pentecostal is a reference to the individual who has been born again and received the baptism of the Holy Spirit, which Pentecostals believe is evidenced by speaking in tongues. They define speaking in tongues as uttering sounds which are not in any human language, but they are considered the language of angels. It is also used as a reference to their churches.

Pentecostals believe that the present Pentecostal movement, which features the speaking in tongues, is in fulfillment of Bible promise. They maintain that the outpouring of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost and during the first century did not exhaust the miraculous visible manifestations of the Spirit. They interpret the early and latter rains, mentioned at James 5:7 (AV), as applying to the outpouring of God's spirit. Believing that the outpouring of God's Spirit in the first century was the early rain, they conclude that there must also be a latter rain. The Pentecostal movement, they claim, is a result of the outpouring of this latter rain.

Other Christian Churches however, note that Acts Chapter 2 states that when the speaking in tongues on which the Pentecostal Movement is based took place, "every man heard them speak in his own language." So the other Christians believe the "tongues" were actual human languages. Also, According to 1Corinthians 14:27, 28, tongues are not to be spoken in a church unless there is an interpreter. Tongues may be gifted even in Baptist Churches; however, there must be an interpreter or else it is not considered to be a gift. Also, they are not any part of a requirement for salvation.

It is a distinctive teaching of the Pentecostal movement that speaking in tongues always accompanies the baptism with the Holy Spirit. All persons have this tongues experience as evidence of baptism, Pentecostals say, but not everyone afterward receives the gift of tongues. This Pentecostal teaching, however, does not have Scriptural backing.

Baptist Church (for example) Security of the Believer

Besides the speaking in tongues, most Pentecostal churches do not believe in the security of the believer (once saved, always saved), and most Baptist churches do believe this. As do they belive to be baptised in the father son and Holy Ghost. Although no one ever in the bible not even the disciples of chirst him self were but even God in flesh (Jesus) was baptised in the name of Jesus Christ Acts 2:38

Daily necessity of commitment

One of the main differences between the two is that the Pentecostal will have a daily necessity of commitment, while the Baptist is "saved for life". Another friction point is the speaking of tongues. In the Pentecostal church, you must first be baptized (in repentance), and then you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit, with the Biblical evidence of speaking in tongues.

Other denominations that accept the baptism of the Holy Spirit don't insist that the Bible mandates that the evidence of this baptism must be speaking in tongues.

Acts 19:2 "Have you received since you...?"More according to Pentecostal faith: "Much more being reconciled to God by his blood, we shall be saved by his life." The first Adam was created a living soul (not a saving spirit), while the second Adam was born a quickening Spirit". The death of Jesus does not save you from eternal destruction. Eternity is not the issue there. It is a restoration unto a relationship that was taken away at the fall. There is now a new family line under the man Jesus Christ who will reign in the New Jerusalem. There you must have the Spirit of God inside you by being born not of water only but of the Spirit. You being redeemed back to God with the old family, you must then go on to be born of the new family line by being filled, baptized, born (all meaning the same thing) of the Spirit. God testifying to you, not you testifying to him you are saved. Your mind, heart, flesh, etc... are corrupt and continually evil. You cannot possibly say you are saved in your own thinking. God must do this. John 3 says " believe on him and be saved". Mark 16 says " those who believe and are baptized shall be saved". John 3 also says " you must be born of water and Spirit". To believe is explained in a parabolic manner for the seekers who want to worship in spirit and truth.

Baptists and other Christians point to John 5:24 which explains, "He who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life." They therefore believe that once you believe (trust) in Christ, you have eternal salvation. This is evidenced by a change in behavior, a repenting (turning away) from the old sinful life. While this doesn't mean you'll never sin again, it does mean you will not have a generally sinful lifestyle. Baptism of the Holy Spirit means filling with the Holy Spirit, which is what happens to all believers when they are born-again.

TheologyPentecostal information offers the following:


Theologically, most pentecostal denominations are aligned with Evangelicalism in that they emphasize the reliability of the Bible and the need for conversion to faith in Jesus Christ. While there is cross pollination with other movements, Pentecostals differ from Fundamentalists by placing more emphasis on personal spiritual experience (often emotional), and, in most cases, by allowing women in ministry.

Another Pentecostal view As a Pentecostal believer I believe that it is not necessary to speak in tongues to be filled with the Spirit; I do believe, however, that the God of Pentecostal times as seen in the book of Acts is more than capable of doing the same today. Unfortunately this gets confused with hyper-emotional Pentecostal Churches who are seeing very little more than emotion being whipped up and no actual fruits (seeing people saved).

Once saved, always saved? I think that some people say they are Christians but haven't fully grasped the truth completely and fall away only to come back again and be truly saved at a later date. It is also possible for your heart to grow cold against God and at the end of the day only God can say whether or not you will get to Heaven. If you truly are saved there is no going back in my opinion.

Pentecostal and now BaptistI grew up Pentecostal and now go to a Baptist Church. Since all denominations are different, depending on how they interpret the Bible, I can't speak to the beliefs except to say that they all claim to believe the Bible. But one major difference is the style of worship. In the Pentecostal churches they are more outspoken and active. For example, someone may say out loud, "Hallelujah" during the message where in the Baptist church you aren't AS LIKELY to find this (again there are always exceptions to that rule) And in the Pentecostal church they are more likely to be raising their hands and speaking in tongues than in Baptist churches. Baptists are as a rule, more laid back than Pentecostals. The Pentecostal church I grew up in sang more choruses and the Baptist church I am in sing more songs from the hymnal. Pentecosts faint in the spirit, Baptists do not AnswerPentecostals believe that every person, regardless of affiliation who has been 'born again' according to the scriptures is saved, his name is in the Lamb's Book of Life and he is adopted into the Family of God.

Pentecostals have deeper experiences with God that line up with the Book of Acts. Pentecostals believe we must grow spiritually and attain unto the perfect statue of Christ Himself as commanded by the Scriptures.

Pentecostals insist that the "initial or first evidence" of Baptism with the Holy Ghost is "speaking with other tongues as the Spirit gives utterance."

AnswerI am a Pentecostal, and have never been to a Pentecostal church where they taught that you have to be 'resaved.' And I've been to a lot of Pentecostal churches. The actual belief of Pentecostals is that you can fall from grace, and that you have to repent. NOT be saved again. You cannot be born again, again. Also most Pentecostal churches do NOT teach that one must speak in tongues in order to be saved. AnswerIn my 42 years I have attended Baptist, Plymouth Brethren, Presbyterian, and Pentecostal churches in New Zealand. I currently belong to an Assemblies of God (Pentecostal) congregation. Pentecostalism is much, much more diverse than most non-Pentecostals think. I doubt that you'll find two Pentecostals who see eye-to-eye on every jot and tittle of theology!

A few of my own comments:

  1. Very few Pentecostals maintain that speaking in tongues is for salvation. We do believe that all Christians can, and should, be baptised with the Holy Spirit. Most of us believe that speaking in tongues is evidence of that (not all of us would assert that dogmatically, but I think all of us do believe that tongues is available to all Christians). But evidence of salvation? I know of only one Pentecostal church in my city which teaches that - it's an extreme group that shuns other churches, even other Pentecostal churches. It is NOT mainstream Pentecostal theology.
  2. With some exceptions, Pentecostals do believe that salvation can be lost. Most of us do not believe that salvation is lost every time we sin, however. We believe that we are saved by faith in the blood of Jesus, nothing else. But most of us also believe that if we renounce our faith, we will lose our salvation. Unrepented sin will eventually undermine faith, leading to a loss of salvation. But I emphatically don't believe that every time I sin, I lose my salvation, and have to re-gain it. There may well be individual Pentecostals who believe that, but I haven't met any, and I know of no Pentecostal church that teaches that.
  3. As for how Pentecostals differ from other Christians, you'll get different answers from just about every Pentecostal you ask! From personal observation, we hold the same core beliefs as most other evangelical and fundamentalist Christians - the Trinity, the virgin birth, the resurrection, the atonement, the second coming, the infallibility of the bible. Most of us are also strong creationists. We take conservative positions on divorce, abortion, homosexuality, premarital sex, and most of us are strong supporters of Israel - positions shared by the great majority of evangelicals. Where we differ is in our emphasis on the Holy Spirit, and more specifically, on the miraculous/supernatural manifestations of the Spirit. We believe emphatically that tongues, healings, miracles, etc. should be normative, not exceptional. I don't think you'll meet a Pentecostal who's prepared to compromise on that.
  4. Having said that, the lines of demarcation are less clear than they used to be. Most denominations (at least in New Zealand) have been impacted by the Charismatic Movement, which believes in tongues and other supernatural manifestations (but not always with the theological package that Pentecostals are familiar with). American Baptists are often surprised to find that around 50 percent of New Zealand Baptist churches openly endorse much of the Pentecostal message (where they differ is in their belief that speaking in tongues, although available today, is not necessarily evidence of being baptised in the Holy Spirit). The Plymouth Brethren, among whom I worshipped for the best part of a decade, were historically hostile to Pentecostalism. In recent years, there has been a major shift in some Brethren assemblies, with some of them now supporting the charismatic movement (but again, not regarding tongues as the necessary evidence of being filled with the Holy Spirit). Recently, a large Brethren church in Wellington played a very prominent role in promoting Pentecostal evangelist Greg Laurie - that would have been unthinkable a couple of decades ago! Similar changes have happened in some sections of the Presbyterian, Anglican, and even Catholic churches. So the differences between Pentecostals and other Christians are much less striking than they once were.
AnswerI think that since I attend a pentecostal church I can offer some insight on this question. basically, Pentecostals are not always the people walking around with no make-up, and falling over in the aisles. That is religion, not a relationship in Christ. We simply believe strongly in the power of the holy spirit. I believe that The Lord sent the holy spirit to guide us on earth while Jesus can't be here with us. Its not just what I believe it what the Bible teaches. People often think that just because we believe in the holy spirit and focus on it, just like anything else, that Pentecostals don't believe in following the bible, or that we don't focus on it enough, but-considering that I attend a pentecostal church, I can be the first to inform you that all of that is lie. We use the bible and its word every service and focus on it completely. Just because some churches and denominations say that that is not the pentecostal way to go, doesn't mean that's true for all pentecostal churches.


Born on the first day of the year in 1901.

Classical Pentecostals:

The Classical Pentecostals were the first in the latter century to be blessed with the Pentecostal Baptism with the Holy Ghost. The leaders were all Holiness Ministers with a firm belief in the New Birth or Regeneration according to the Scriptures. They also believed in the Second Blessing, that of Entire Sanctification where the old sin nature is circumcised from the heart by the Blood of Christ Jesus and received by Faith. The movement was started at Bethel Bible School in Topeka, Kansas in 1900. The first Baptism with the Holy Ghost with the expected manifestations of tongues was when Charles Fox Parham, the Schools leader, laid hands on Ms. Agnes Ozman on New Years Day, 1901. A few days later 12 students receive the experience then Charles Parham himself received it.

Charles Parham moved to Houston, Texas where he ran a Bible School and had a man named William Seymour, listen to his lectures while sitting in the hallway with the door ajar due to the Jim Crow Laws in effect at that time. William Seymour later traveled to Los Angeles, California and started a revival at the Azusa Street Mission which ran for three years and the message of Pentecost was carried around the world. The fire that fell at Azusa Street is still falling, many, each day are receiving the Baptism with the Holy Ghost with the initial evidence of 'speaking in tongues as the Spirit gives utterance.

The Classical Pentecostals believe in Regeneration as the First Work of Grace and in Sanctification as the Second and Last Work of Grace and in the Pentecostal Baptism with the Holy Ghost as empowerment to serve God and testify of Jesus Christ. They also believe in Divine Healing and the Imminent Return of Jesus Christ in the Rapture to 'catch away' His Bride at the end of this present church age.

There are other pentecostal denominations who came later, such as the Assemblies of God who were formed in 1914 at a camp meeting in Hot Springs Arkansas. In 1916 at a General Assembly, a group of ministers left the Assemblies of God and formed what is known today as the United Pentecostal Church. They rejected the Church Ordnance of baptising in water in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost and substituted water baptism in Jesus Name only. They further stated that unless a man is baptised in Jesus Name Only and speaks in tongues he is not saved.

There are those who are called 'Charismatics' and sometimes mistaken for Pentecostal who claim they received the Spirit Baptism without speaking in tongues. This group was formed in the 1960 in Van Nuys, California at a Catholic Church meeting.


Oneness Pentecostals believe Jesus is God the father, god the son and God the holy spirit. We believe in speaking in tongues as the necessary Evidence of baptism of the holy spirit. We believe in Jesus name baptism. Assemblies of God and others are branches of pentecostal. Pentecostals follow the same rules and restrictions as the apostles

Being a Pentecostal I know personally why it is different. Pentecostals try to follow the Bible. In some Pentecostal churches you would find that the women would have long hair, no make up or jewelry and wear long skirts. The men would have on a suit and have short hair with no jewelry also. A lot of time in many other Christian churches they don't really mind what you wear. Also The way that Pentecostals worship the lord is very different in the way that it is very out there, you can jump, roll run, cry, scream, speak in tongues and lift your hands. Whatever you feel like God has called you to do.

Comparative Religions and Denominations

Where can you study religious symbology?

There are no foremost Universities or colleges that carry a specific major in the study of symbols and their meanings, that I know of. Social Anthropology and Archeology both have focuses in that area of study in the upper division and graduate courses. Some art history courses cover this as well. If you are serious about the study of symbols, particularly within their religious context, a majority of the Jesuit universities have some concentration on these topics. Most universities, at the graduate and doctorate levels, will allow you to create a focus if you can prove a strong enough case. Start with an undergrad in some social science and move from there. Check out Brooks University at Oxford and Baylor in Texas. If you decide to do some research into Baylor, try to get in contact with a Dr. Van Auken. He's brilliant and can at least give you some direction. Good luck to you. -Kenneth Figuly

Religion & Spirituality
Comparative Religions and Denominations

What is the meaning of self sparing?

Restraint in using oneself. Giving less than full effort.

Comparative Religions and Denominations
Shiite Islam
Sunni Islam

Can you marry with ahle tashi girl?

i want to friendship with ahle tashi girl from rawalpindi islamabad or faisalabad i like all momans

Religion & Spirituality
Comparative Religions and Denominations

Why is prayer important to all religions?

Prayer is communication. Your question is like asking why communication with loved ones is important. The answer should be obvious.

Religion & Spirituality
Languages and Cultures
Comparative Religions and Denominations
The Difference Between

How successful can a marriage between people of different religions cultures and languages but similar personalities be?


A Christian should not marry a non Christian (2 Corinthians 6:14). However, if a man and woman are already married and one of them becomes a believer, they need not divorce their partner. Allow that person to leave of their own initiative if they wish (1 Corinthians 7:12-13). Otherwise, they should plan on fulfilling their duty to their spouse.

As for cultures and languages, I would hope that a great deal of thought went into the marriage before it took place. Those are issues that might be a struggle for some people. For others, perhaps they have no affect on the relationship. It really depends on the people and the severity of their differences.


Ultimately, the most successful marriage partners will share religious beliefs, whether or not they belong to the same church. In other words, their values (family, respect, kindness, etc.) will be the same or very similar. People belonging to the same church may profess to be the same but may have opposing values, and those differences may not be apparent until tragedy or other difficulties arise. Finding someone who claims to have the same religion (they belong to the same church) is only the first step in choosing someone who will be truly compatible.

In my opinion , i think religion or anything shouldn't come between two people in love

Comparative Religions and Denominations
Alphabet History

Why are there so many different denominations within Christianity?

The Lord never intended for His church to be divided up into hundreds of competing groups teaching vastly different doctrines. The Lord is not the Lord of confusion. It is man that has changed His doctrine and turned it into a mass of confusion and division. Much of this has be for filty lucre (1 Peter 5:2) and in Ephesians 4:5, Paul tells us that there is "One Lord, one faith,one baptism," not many Lords, many faiths and many different forms of baptism.

Christ set up His church while on earth and appointed Peter as the lead Apostle over his church. After Christ's death, Peter was to receive guidance from Christ to direct the church through a process called revelation. Christ established a particular leadership structure in His church, and this structure was to help unify the people within the church and to help avoid confusion on who was responsible for what components of the various roles within the church. In Apostle Paul's instructions to the Ephesian members of Christ's church, who were called Saints, he told them what the structure of the church should be. Christ's church was set up with apostles, prophets, evangelists (missionaries), pastors (bishops), and teachers and this structure was to help perfect the saints. Paul also told the members that this church leadership structure was to be the structure until there was unity in the faith and until the members were perfected [which would not be until the Second Coming of Christ ]. This leadership structure was designed to keep the saints from being confused about which doctrines were correct.

The reason there are so many different churches today is because the church Christ established was changed by men into a church that men wanted and the followers have become confused as to which doctrine is correct and where to find a church that teaches correct doctrine. We do know one thing and that is that Christ's church will have 12 apostles (the number in the original church), a prophet, a strong missionary component, and pastors (also called bishops) and teachers. If a church is missing these key leadership components, then it is not structured after the church that was originally established by Christ and described by the Apostle Paul as cited in Ephesians 4:11-14 below (KJV).

Ephesians Chapter 4 verses 11-14

11And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

12For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:

13Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:

14That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;

AnswerIn addition to the answers below, many splinter groups sprung up almost at the start of the church back in the 1st - 4th centuries. However, the universal church (the 'catholic' church in the correct sense of the word) condemned these heresies, and rightly so (although the church treated some of the heretics with utmost contempt and cruelty e.g. the Cathars and those tortured and executed by the Inquisition ). Sadly, the 'true' church itself also became corrupt - adding doctrines that were not Biblical and rather against the Gospel message - including purgatory, limbo, selling of 'indulgences', over-adulation of the Virgin Mary, infallibility of the Pope (who was also corrupt during e.g.the reign of the Borgias) and so on. Over the years factions of the church disagreed ( and rightly so) with many of these new heresies and split off: the Orthodox church, the Protestant movement including the Lutherans, the Church of England, and so on. Thus we have a large number of denominations today. HOWEVER..... the vast majority of these denominations believe in the same basics of Christianity: the Trinity, the Incarnation, the Resurrection, the Virgin Birth etc as outlined in the statement of belief agreed at the Council of Nicaea in the 4th Century - known as the Nicene Creed. Despite all the differences between the denominations, these things are all very minor when you can share the major profound beliefs of the church through the Creed which unites us all acoss the world. If one is to single out a truly Christian church from a sect, then most sects like the Jehovah's Witnesses and the Mormons would not be able to suscribe to the Creed, and, as a result, although on face value seeming Christian, are anything but. AnswerA recent tabulation concluded that there are 10 main religions and some 10,000 sects. Of these, some 6,000 exist in Africa, 1,200 in the United States, and hundreds in other lands.

Many factors have contributed to the development of new religious groups. Some have said that the various religions all represent different ways of presenting religious truth. But a comparison of their teachings and practices with the Bible indicates, rather, that the diversity of religions is because people have become followers of men instead of listening to God. It is noteworthy that, to a large extent, teachings they hold in common, but that differ from the Bible, originated in ancient Babylon.

Who is the instigator of such religious confusion? The Bible identifies Satan the Devil as "the god of this system of things." (2 Corinthians 4:4) It warns us that "the things which the nations sacrifice they sacrifice to demons, and not to God." (1 Corinthians 10:20) How vitally important, then, to make sure that we really are worshiping the true God, the Creator of heaven and earth, and that our worship is pleasing to him!

AnswerBecause people like to tailor their beliefs to suit their own desires and convenience. No two people will ever agree exactly on religion, that's the main reason there is so much conflict in the world (that, and overpopulation/lack of resources). Christianity is not the only faith that has experienced these disagreements and when it comes down to it, the Bible says one God, one faith and one baptism yet we are still not religiously unified. In the Holy Bible, God says don't debate my word or my anointed ones for in doing so you hinder your blessing's so why question God's word and it may be harder to accept the truth because in this day and time we have too many different translations AnswerBecause someone rebels against their church's doctrine and makes a new one, that gets popular, people are indoctrinated into that church's doctrine, then someone rebels against that doctrine and it repeats, and again.

The real question is why are there denominations at all. The answer is the concepts of orthodoxy and heresy from the dark ages. Up until a few scant generations ago you could still be whipped publicly (in the American colonies) for refusing to go to church. Before that the punishments get even worse.

That is why there was one main church (the "holy church"/Vatican) for so long, it is only when they lost their hold on Christendom that other groups began to form, and now they have little real power, so these groups flourish.

The interesting thing is that today catholicism almost doesn't even exist. A study was done some years ago asking American Catholics 10 simple, basic questions like "is the devil a real being or a symbol for evil", etc, and only 7% answered all ten questions in-line with the catholic doctrine.

So only 7% of American catholics are actually Catholic, they just don't realize it.

I think in the future there will be no denominations, if Christianity even exists anymore eventually.

Another reasonDifferent people have different stylistic preferences. For example, one group may appreciate symbolic rituals and trappings, while others consider those distracting. One group may prefer contemporary music, while another may have trouble with the volume or the unfamiliarity with the tunes. People who came from a background where rock music meant drugs and free sex may not be comfortable with contemporary Christian rock music. Some people like the Charismatic style of worship, while others may have bad memories of bad churches that emulate Charismatic styles.

Different denominations wind up with different minor emphases in their services for these and other reasons. One person called them "house rules." This can work out well, as long as those separate "house rules" aren't used to build walls of self-righteousness against other Christians.

AnswerSelfishness is why there is so many denominations. If everyone reads the Bible the way it was intended to be read then we wouldn't have so much different opinions, traditions, rituals, etc. Through the whole Bible, ( Old Testament) God asks us to stick together, and be together.(New Testament) Jesus asks us to be of one mind and one accord. How can we be one if everyone has different interpretations. Someone is wpong. That's why GOD said beware of false teachers because people will teach the Bible the wrong way. Everyone can't be one if there minds are separate. No denomination is above another, but theres a denomination or group or someone that's teaching the truth instead of the opinion of man. Read what God said and apply it. Don't add or take away from the Bible itself or the meaning of the words in it.

Because the Bible is made up of many books written by different people at different times, in languages that are not currently spoken as they were then, therefore we read translations. There are passages which are difficult to understand, some which contradict others in other parts of the bible. So every time people cannot agree on what something means, they form a new church to follow that way.

And the Final Answer is...

Jesus said "go and teach all nations". He did not say, sit down and write a book. Jesus started his Church when he said to Peter "Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build MY Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it." We see in Acts that Peter has taken the leadership role of the disciples. He is the one whom Jesus entrusted his power here on Earth. We then see numerous times when Paul mentions the Church in his writings. Now, from this time on, we have a written record of successors to Peter as the Head of Christs Church. We refer to that person as the Pope. The term "Catholic" means "Universal" and was used to describe the Church as early as 46AD by one of Johns disciple, St Polycarp. The Catholic Church spread to all corners of the earth and was "One body" until 1517 AD when Martin Luther broker away. Shortly after that, John Calvin started his own religious following and these two events are referred to as the "Protestant Reform". The Catholic Church put the first bible together in 325, long after the Church had been established, but Martin Luther had the idea that "solu scripturo" was the way to go. Meaning, by Scripture Alone. If you think about it, Jesus said "go forth and teach all nations". He did not say, sit down and write a book. So if you are going to believe in the bible alone, you are missing a lot of what Jesus taught. The bible is by far the greatest book ever written, but Jesus did not found his Church on the bible as most have today. You can research history and discover that the Catholic Church is the Church started by Jesus himself and over 1 billion Catholics worldwide celebrate the exact same Mass with each other following the teachings of Jesus throughout the bible as well as the traditions past down from generation to generation.


Because there are so many ways to interpret the bible, not all denominations agree upon everything said.

AnswerTo answer this question, you must first ask: "What is Christianity? " Orthodox Christianity means the beliefs held by the majority of Christians since the church began in the first century. These basic beliefs, as taught in the Bible, are:

1. God became incarnate (flesh) in the man Jesus.

2. Christ atoned (paid for) man's sin through His death on the cross.

3. Christ rose in bodily form from the grave, conquering death and proving He is God.

4. The Bible is the inspired, authoritative Word of God.

These are the absolute basics of Christian belief. No non-christian religion, cult, or sect in the world agrees with orthodox Christianity at all on all these points. Unfortunately, not all so-called Christian churches follow them either, and some purport to follow them but do not obey them. These 4 points are straight-forward - you either believe them or you don't, and then you may go off and start your own church.

Beliefs are important, but it is so easy to say you believe something and not actually mean it. Even when we are doing the right thing, the intent of our heart is moreimportant than the actual deed itself:-

Mat 7:16 You shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes from thorns, or figs from thistles?

Mat 7:17 Even so every good tree brings forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree brings forth evil fruit.

Mat 7:18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruits, nor can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.

Mat 7:19 Every tree that does not bring forth good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.

Mat 7:20 Therefore by their fruits you shall know them.

Mat 7:21 Not everyone who says to Me, Lord! Lord! shall enter the kingdom of Heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in Heaven.

Mat 7:22 Many will say to Me in that day, Lord! Lord! Did we not prophesy in Your name, and through Your name throw out demons, and through Your name do many wonderful works?

Mat 7:23 And then I will say to them I never knew you!Depart from Me, those working lawlessness!

To avoid taking things out of context, I have included the entire section where Jesus said very plainly that obeying God was more important than following the traditions of men :-

Mat 15:1 Then the scribes and Pharisees who were from Jerusalem came to Jesus, saying,

Mat 15:2 Why do your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat bread.

Mat 15:3 But He answered and said to them, Why do you also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?

Mat 15:4 For God commanded, saying, "Honor your father and mother"; and, "He who speaks evil of father or mother, let him die by death."

Mat 15:5 But you say, Whoever says to his father or mother, Whatever you would gain from me, It is a gift to God;

Mat 15:6 and in no way he honors his father or his mother. And you voided the commandment of God by your tradition.

Mat 15:7 Hypocrites! Well did Isaiah prophesy of you, saying,

Mat 15:8 "This people draws near to Me with their mouth, and honors Me with their lips, but their heart is far from Me.

Mat 15:9 But in vain they worship Me,teaching for doctrines the commandments of men."

Mat 15:10 And He called the crowd and said to them, Hear and understand.

Mat 15:11 Not that which goes into the mouth defiles a man; but that which comes out of the mouth, this defiles a man.

Mat 15:12 Then His disciples came and said to Him, Do You know that the Pharisees were offended when they heard this saying?

Mat 15:13 But He answered and said, Every plant which My heavenly Father has not planted shall be rooted up.

Mat 15:14 Let them alone. They are blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.

There is nothing wrong with tradition so long as it does not become ritualistic, and does not conflict in anyway with the spiritual intent of Christ:-

Col 2:8 Beware lest anyone rob you through philosophy and vain deceit, according to the tradition of men, according to the elements of the world,and not according to Christ.

The sticking-point for many is the 4th and last point: that the Bible is the inspired, authoritative Word of God.

2Ti 3:16 All scripture is given byinspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

2Ti 3:17 That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

Scripture includes Paul's writings, as Peter said they were part of the Scriptures:-

2Pe 3:15 And think of the long-suffering of our Lord as salvation (as our beloved brother Paul also has written to you according to the wisdom given to him

2Pe 3:16 as also in all his letters, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which the unlearned and unstable pervert, as also they do the rest of the Scriptures, to their own destruction).

(By the time Peter wrote this in about 68AD, Paul already dead, beheaded by Nero about a year previously.)

God takes the Scriptures (which are His Words) very seriously and warns against changing them:-

Deu 4:2 You shall not add to the Wordwhich I command you, neither shall you take away from it, so that you may keep the commands of the LORD your God which I command you.

Deu 12:32 All the things I command you, be careful to do it. You shall not add to it, nor take awayfrom it.

Rev 22:18 For I testify together to everyone who hears the Words of the prophecy of this Book: If anyone adds to these things, God will add on him the plagues that have been written in this Book.

Rev 22:19 And if anyone takes away from the Words of the Book of this prophecy, God will take away his part out of the Book of Life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which have been written in this Book.

Any church that denies or does not teach all four of these points is not a Christian church and is therefore by definition heretical. This includes churches like the Mormons, Jehovah Witnesses, Christadelphians, Roman Catholic ( the 'Magisterium' takes precedence over Scriptures), and Scientology. However, just as a Christian church will have non-christians in it, so it is possible for a non-christian church have Christians in it.

The two basic reasons for the names of different denominations in churches are convenience and disagreements, (where a person will leave that congregation and start another church with his adherents.) Other reasons are:-

1. Different locations

eg Churches of Smyrna, England, Creek St,

2. Differentiating beliefs

eg Baptist Church, Orthodox, Seventh-day Adventist

3. Named after people

eg Luther, Wesley, St Therese,

4. Type of teaching

eg Method(ism)

5. Type of structure

eg Congregational, Presbyterian

6. Distinguishing attribute

eg Grace, Bible-believing, True, United, Loyal, Evangelical

7. Splits and divisions among a church congregation

eg Baptist (Baptist & United Baptist), United (Methodist & Presbyterian),

AnswerThere are so many because the devil is alive and well and his goal is to have us so convoluted and ridiculous until the truth is no longer visible which pushes on to the path of destruction!
Comparative Religions and Denominations

Who is Hamza Andreas Tzortzis?

Hamza Andreas Tzortzis is an international public speaker on Islam, a writer and researcher. He has debated prominent intellectuals and academics. Some of his interlocutors include the leading humanist and best selling author Peter Cave, the editor of the Philosophy Now mazagine Rick Lewis and the highly acclaimed Professor Simon Blackburn. More recently Hamza debated one of the leading American atheists and secular activists Dr. Ed Buckner, the president of American Atheists.

Comparative Religions and Denominations

What are the different Christian denominations?

The larger Christian denominations are : (in order of numerical size): Catholic (both Roman and Eastern Rites), Eastern Orthodox (Russian, Greek, Romanian etc), Anglican/Episcopalian, Oriental Orthodoxy (Copts, Armenians, Syriacs, Eritreans), Uniting Church in Australia.

There are various other groups (in alphabetical order): Apostolic Church, Baptist, Brethren, Church of Christ, Church of God, Congregationalist, Disciples of Christ, Lutheran, Mennonite, Methodist, Pentecostal and Assemblies of God, Presbyterian, Salvation Army, Seventh Day Adventist, United Church of Christ. There are also many independent congregations.

Note: The claims of Mormons (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, often called the Mormon Church), the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society (the official name for the Jehovah's Witnesses) and Christian Science to be Christian are rejected by most of the denominations mentioned above, and those who leave Mormonism are re-baptised by some of the above groups. The reason for this rejection is that, for example, Mormons hold beliefs regarding God (and other things) which are unacceptable to other denominations e.g. Mormon belief that Christ and Lucifer are brothers.

Religion & Spirituality
Comparative Religions and Denominations

Which is the best religion?

I'm not sure that Wikianswers is the right venue for your question in the manner in which it's presently worded. Each religion will, of course, point to their own view of the Divine.
Rather, you might want to post the question reworded specifically, in every one of the subcategories of religions: Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Sikhism, etc., and read the answers posted by those who are knowledgeable in each of them, to at least get a picture of what each religion says for itself.

Comparative Religions and Denominations
The Bible

What does it mean to venerate the cross?

The "Veneration of the Cross" is a specific ceremony in the Good Friday liturgy as well as a simple devotional practice that can be preformed by the faithful.

Venerating a cross is simply the humble act of kissing a crucifix. It must be a crucifix and not a bare cross; if the body of Jesus Christ - called a "corpus" - is not represented on the cross, then this is not a crucifix and you cannot therefore make a true veneration. In many modern churches a bare cross is used in the Good Friday service; this is an erroneous practice. During a Good Friday service, when it is time in the ceremony, people line up to venerate the cross just as they would do if they were going to Communion.

If you have a crucifix at home and out of personal devotion you kiss it, this is also properly called a veneration of the cross. The customary place to venerate the cross is the feet of the corpus. During a Good Friday service, if you have an open wound or sickness that can be communicated by the mouth, you may venerate the cross by placing your right hand upon the feet of the corpus for a moment.

There is one exception to rule above when a cross can properly be used in place of a crucifix: any cross that contains a relic of the true cross - that is an actual piece of the cross Jesus Christ died upon at Calvary - does not have to have a corpus upon it. The correct way to venerate this type of rare cross is to kiss the glass reliquary behind which the fragment is visible. If no reliquary is visible, the exact spot for veneration is not important, though kissing the foot of the cross is customary.


During the Good Friday Liturgy of the Catholic Faith, Veneration of the Cross IS ONLY supposed to be a cross, NOT a crucifix. The accompany intonation is "Behold the WOOD of the Cross".

New Testament
Comparative Religions and Denominations

Who was the man who helped jesus carry the cross?

Simon from Cyrene. He is mentioned in the synoptic Gospels eg Mark 15:21

Comparative Religions and Denominations
Jesus Christ

Who went to watch the first nativity play?

It was the shepherds.

Comparative Religions and Denominations

How many denominations of churches are there?


-The Chosen Elect


-Southern Baptist

-Southern Conservative

-Strict Baptist

-Independent Baptist

-National Baptist

-Black Primitive Baptist

-Conservative Baptist





-African Methodist

-Chinese Methodist

-Christian Methodist

-British Methodist

-Primitive Methodist




-Lutheran Orthodox






-Jehovah's Witnesses

-Aaronic Order

-Latter Day


-Seventh-day Adventist




-Roman Catholic

-Latin Catholic

-Coptic Catholic








-Byzantine (Constantinopolitan)

-Ukrainian Greek Catholic

-Melkite Greek Catholic


-Hungarian Greek

-Ruthenian Catholic

-Belarusian Greek Catholic

-Bulgarian Greek Catholic

-Slovak Greek Catholic

-Croatian Greek Catholic

-Italo-Albanian Catholic

-Greek Byzantine Catholic

-Macedonian Greek Catholic

-Russian Byzantine Catholic

-Georgian Byzantine Catholic

-Brazilian Catholic

-Mexican National Catholic

-Celtic Catholic

-Ancient Apostolic

-True Catholic

-Polish National Catholic

-Free Catholic

-Liberal Catholic

-Palmarian Catholic

-Spiritus Christi

-Russian Orthodox

-Eastern Orthodox

-Oriental Orthodox






-Beachy Amish

-Nebraska Amish

-Old Order Amish

-Swartzendruber Amish


-Greek Orthodox

-Liberal Catholic

-Orthodox Catholic


-Open Brethren

-Exclusive Brethren

-Indian Brethren

-Kerala Brethren

-River Brethren

-Social Brethren





there is also nondenominational which is not a religion but a relationship with god

Comparative Religions and Denominations

What spiritual contribution did meister eckhart had?

Johannes (Meister) Eckhart's ,mystical writings examined the relationship between God and humanity; he pictured the soul achieving complete union with God, he put forth the argument something (Godhead) beyond God. What that was or could be I have no input but the concept of something (Godhead) beyond the "Elohim" of the Bible is probably why he was brought up on charges and you can bet that it was a good thing that he died naturally before he could answer the charges because even the Papist church with all it's spurious additions and deletions to the Bible to qualify their doctrines wouldn't have been convinced of a higher level than God and would have found him a heretic and burned or shinned him alive.

Comparative Religions and Denominations

How did the Celtic and rangers rivalry begin?

Religon, the catholics & the protestants, the hatred for each other.


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