There are two halves to this question.
Originally Tai Chi was a secret kept by the Chen Village that Yang Lu Tang convinced them to teach him, which he in turn spread throughout China due to him being a near invincible martial artist that inspired awe in each person who crossed paths with him. Yang Lu Tang's students created multiple Tai Chi lineages that spread throughout China and became widely popularized throughout China, initially as a martial art and later as a healing method.
A more detailed version of this can be found here:
The second part is explained in the opening to the book "Opening the Energy Gates of Your Body" by Tai Chi Master Bruce Frantzis (while the first one came from the appendix in "Power of the Internal Martial Arts and Chi").
In modern times, Tai Chi gained immense popularity because the Chinese government had a massive need for a economical health care system for their gigantic population and they made Tai Chi a core component (since proper daily Tai Chi practice will cure most health ailments, it was stipulated that 3 months of daily practice was required before an individual was given access to medical care).
A more detailed answer to this is here;
Tai Chi is from China although it can now be found in most parts of the world.inclooding my but
Tai Chi comes from China.
The most popular Tai Chi DVD series are The Tai Chi - 24 Hours, Sunrise Tai Chi, Totaly Nude Yoga and Tai chi, Tai Chi for Health - Yang Short Form with Terrence Dunn etc.
tai gik is the cantonese pronunciation. tai chi is mandarin.
Ku style Tai Chi does exist, as well as Wu style; and many other styles of Tai Chi. Katara studies Ku style/Yang form Tai Chi, Sun style Tai Chi, and Bikram Yoga.
in what ways is tai chi powerful
Yes, weapons are used in tai chi.
Quo Tai-chi was born in 1889.
Quo Tai-chi died in 1952.
Tai Chi-tao was born in 1890.
Tai chi proper came into being about 400 years ago.
The duration of Drunken Tai Chi is 1.52 hours.
There are 5 Primary types of Tai Chi.They are:YangChenWuSunWu/HaoKu style (A style of Tai Chi that is the basis of Waterbending in the Nickelodian series "Avatar: The Last Airbender" and the trilogy that's based off of the three seasons of the Nickelodian series called "The Last Airbender".)). There are thousands of other styles that are derivatives or variations on the main 5.