What did Aristotle refer to as the flaw or error that brings about suffering for the protagonist of a Greek tragedy?
He depicts the downfall of a basically good person through some fatal error or misjudgment, producing suffering and insight on the part of the protagonist and arousing pity and fear on the part of the audience
1 person found this useful
In figurative usage, as for example, like in a Greek tregedy the implication is that the tragic (sad) outcome is an inevitable result of the key character's personal flaws. He or she was 'doomed' to disaster (death) from the outset.
Horse Isle Answer: Hubris Real Horseisle Answer: pride -Iceleaf of grey server ;) NOTE- I put pride and got it right soo... They are both correct =] - Cwtsh, pinto server
According to Aristotle there are six elements of tragedy. The firstis plot, then character, then thought, diction song and spectacle.
Greeks were drawn to tragedy because the entire event would allow them to experience all the emotions found in a tragic play. Greeks would all watch the play together as a community, and feel emotions from the play of which they would never normally experience. Tragic plays also have a moment of cat…harsis in them, which is the cleansing of all pity and fear felt from the play. Aristotle says in his poetics that tragic plays should evoke a sense of pity and fear (Aristotle's Poetics). This cleansing of the mental and spiritual feelings would allow them to be more ready for future encounters with these emotions. Another fun fact is that Greeks were not drawn to tragedy, rather the entire community would be required to attend these events. Watching a tragic play was actually an annual event, similar to modern annual events such as Halloween or Thanksgiving. ( Full Answer )
The requisite messenger-speech traditionally follows important offstage action in Greek tragedy as it was the only way the Greek audience could learn of events considered too gory or beyond the capability of dramatists at the time, such as death
he was the first person to assaninate the archduke wollawiain the united communist states of Kazakstan in 3086. he was the first person to assaninate the archduke wollawiain the united communist states of Kazakstan in 3086. he was the first person to assaninate the archduke wollawiain the united c…ommunist states of Kazakstan in 3086. he was the first person to assaninate the archduke wollawiain the united communist states of Kazakstan in 3086. he was the first person to assaninate the archduke wollawiain the united communist states of Kazakstan in 3086. he was the first person to assaninate the archduke wollawiain the united communist states of Kazakstan in 3086. he was the first person to assaninate the archduke wollawiain the united communist states of Kazakstan in 3086 ( Full Answer )
Greek gods have flaws just like ordinary mortals. they experience hate and envy and usually jealousy (as in the case of Hera with Zeus' many lovers). They are also given to impulsive reactions and usually did not care whether they've wreaked havoc on mankind.
The hero has a tragic flaw or makes a mistake in drama. The greatman falls because of a flaw in his character.
Aristotle believed that the most important quality in tragedy was astrong plot. He believed that the characters should not be paidmuch attention, and that it was the plot alone that createdtragedy.
Shakespeare's protagonists are less rigidly defined than Greek heroes, and they combine both tragic and comic elements.
If Aristotle claims that part of the plot of a tragedy is suffering why do you think that people would want to view a tragedy?
Humans are thrilled and enthralled by the suffering of others. German even has a word for it: schadenfreude. On some primitive level our reactions to the pain of others is probably a defense against our own vulnerabilities and fear of calamity. Our reactions to tragedy are manifestations of our desi…red indesctructability. Interesting too is the fact that an important element of a lot of comedy is pain. ( Full Answer )
Yes , Aristotle [384 B.C.E.-322 B.C.E.] would consider 'Oedipus Rex' a tragedy. First, Theban King Oedipus is a hero , because he does great deeds and has great powers or strength. For example, he delivers Thebes from the beastly, bullying Sphinx. He alone knows the answer to the Sphinx's unanswe…rable riddle. . Second, Oedipus is noble . He's the biological son of Theban royal rulers. On both his parents' sides of the family, he descends from Cadmus, Thebes' founder and first king around 2000 B.C.E. Additionally, he's raised as the royal heir apparent by adoptive/foster royal parents. . Third, Oedipus is tripped up by tragically fatal flaws within his own character and personality. For example, he's so proud that he thinks that he can beat the gods and escape his horrific fate. But the more he tries to flee from his fate, the closer his flight takes him to it because of his own flawed decision making . He's warned that he'll kill his father and marry his mother. . So Oedipus flees what he thinks is his hometown, and the royal couple that he believes to be his biological parents. He then goes on to kill a man old enough to be his father and marry a woman old enough to be his mother. And so the prophecy is fulfilled. An inescapable fate becomes inescapable through the hero's free will in making bad choices and decisions . What Oedipus takes to be biological parents are his adoptive/foster parents, Corinthian King Polybus and Corinthian Queen Merope. What he takes to be strangers are in fact his true parents, Theban King Laius and Theban Queen Jocasta. . Fourth, a pestilence descends upon the city of Thebes. Harvests go bad, livestock die, and more Thebans die than are born. The reason is the unsolved killing of Laius by Oedipus, who is the victim's son and subject. Oedipus needs to be purified of his unknowing but nevertheless heinous crimes. He doesn't go through ritual purification after the killing of father and sovereign. So Oedipus' pollution becomes the pollution of all Thebes . . Fifth, there's a purification of the hero and therefore of his environment. That purification comes about through the hero's death , destruction or downfall . The hero commits an offense against the gods. All offenses must be punished be they the result of deliberate intent or unknowing action. Oedipus' cleansing by being identified and punished as the killer likewise becomes the cleansing of all Thebes . . Sixth, the hero's story is told in verse . That verse doesn't have to rhyme. Socrates [496 B.C.E.-406 B.C.E.] sets his play up as lines of verse. The lines don't rhyme. But the play is clearly a work of poetry, odes and music. ( Full Answer )
Hamartia is a flaw or error in the main character that plays a partin bringing about suffering.
Aristotle identified as the moment in a Greek tragedy when the protagonist recognizes his or her role in bringing about suffering?
Aristotle identified _____ as the moment in a Greek tragedy when the protagonist recognizes his or her role in bringing about suffering. . A: anagnorisis
In Greek tragedy, hamartia refers to the protagonist's biggestflaw. It is the one sin or error that is in the main character orhero's personality that leads to their own downfall.
Achilles flaws are that he is driven by anger and revenge. A truehero's characteristics are goodness and honor. Achilles did notpossess either and he desecrated Hector's body which is considereddeplorable.
Aristotle did believe that an audience experienced catharsis whenwatching a tragedy. Catharsis is a process of release and inwatching a tragedy an audience is able to get relief from emotions.
Aristotle thinks that good tragedy is when you reach the highest level as a human being can reach and in one moment everything falls down. Good tragedy for oristatle is a lost of everything man have gained.
Here as you know was married to Zeus. But she was very jealous. And she had every right to be. Zeus would constantly cheat on her with thousands of mortal woman. One time Zeus was doing his thing with, yet another one of his mistresses. But Hera had caught wind of it this time. She went down their h…erself. Zeus Saw her coming and in attempt to save her life he turned he into a calf. Hera understood it was a trick, and cleverly asked for the calf as a gift. Zeus reluctantly said yes. Hera Kept the calf under heavy guard, she had a monster watch it, but the monster had eyes all over his body. So Zeus sent down a helper. The helper went down and started telling the most boring story ever. And He made the monster sleepy. Slowly, eye, by eye, the monster fell asleep. and died. He was bored to death. The calf was set free and it ran away. Another thing about Hera was that she hated Hercules. As it shows in the movie by Disney, Hercules is attacked by Hates while in love with another character named meg. But the truth is, Hates like Hercules and Hera Hated him, and Meg isn't Even an actual goddess or even mortal in mythology. Strictly made up. OK so, now I'm saying all this confusing stuff. But listen. In the movie: - hates = enemies - meg = real - Hera = good Real - hates = good - meg = fake - Hera = enemies So, this is what happened. Zeus had an affair, and had Hercules, and kept him. Hera hated Hercules, because every time she looked at him she was reminded of Zeus being unfaithful. So She had to get rid of him. So she mad his mind wacko out, and he went in sane and killed his sons. Then he had to go pay of his crime by doing the 10 labors. But he had to do two more because Hera claimed that Hercules didn't do two good enough. so i hoped this helped ( Full Answer )
Types of plays, as the name indicates they were full of bad things happening to people. The opposite were comedies which were funnier and light hearted. They also inspired Shakespeare to write some of his own tragedies such as Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet.
Aristotle wrote of tragedy "Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; with incid…ents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplish its katharsis of such emotions. . . . Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality-namely, Plot, Characters, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Melody." He believed the medium of tragedy is drama, not narrative, and that tragedy shows rather than tells. Tragedy "is rooted in the fundamental order of the universe and creates a cause-and-effect chain that clearly reveals what may happen at any time or place because that is the way the world operates. Tragedy therefore arouses not only pity but also fear, because the audience can envision themselves within this cause-and-effect chain." To learn more visit http://www2.cnr.edu/home/bmcmanus/poetics.html ( Full Answer )
It means to err. In tragedy is used as an inherent defect or shortcoming of the hero.
If you are asking what the flaw is in the tragedy then I would say that it would be that Romeo was too pessimistic and was like, woe is me my wife is dead now i must die, and then led him to killing himself. If he wouldn't of acted so suddenly he would have been alive to see Juliet wake up and find …that she wasn't dead. If you are asking what the tragedy was then it was that two family feuds led two star-crossed lovers to commit suicide over each others deaths. ( Full Answer )
The battlefield deaths of his nephews and the suicides of his wife, son and niece are the family tragedies that Theban King Creon suffers in 'Antigone'. From the previous 'Oedipus Rex', we know that Creon carries the weight of previous family tragedies. Specifically, there's the murder of his …first brother-in-law, Theban King Laius. There's the suicide of his only sister, Theban Queen Jocasta. There's the self-blinding and exile of his second brother-in-law, Theban King Oedipus. There's the constant reminder of the previous tragedies in Creon's being responsible for Oedipus' and Jocasta's two daughters, Antigone and Ismene, the children of an incestuous mother-son marriage. ( Full Answer )
In terms of tragedy hamartia refers to an inevitable mistake of the hero, which usually offends the Gods.
Melpomene was the Muse of tragedy, but other then her there is no goddess to that vague of a domination.
Both types end unhappily for the main character. It is typically presented as a drama.
Achilles is fueled by anger and revenge, qualities that do not embody goodness and honor. He also desecrates the body of Hector, a deplorable act unworthy of a hero.
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written early in the career of playwright William Shakespeare about two young "star-cross'd lovers" whose deaths ultimately unite their feuding families. It was among Shakespeare's most popular plays during his lifetime and, along with Hamlet and Macbeth , is one of …his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity. Its plot is based on an Italian tale, translated into verse as The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet by Arthur Brooke in 1562, and retold in prose in Palace of Pleasure by William Painter in 1582. Shakespeare borrowed heavily from both but, to expand the plot, developed supporting characters, particularly Mercutio and Paris. Believed written between 1591 and 1595, the play was first published in a quarto version in 1597. This text was of poor quality, and later editions corrected it, bringing it more in line with Shakespeare's original. Shakespeare's use of dramatic structure, especially effects such as switching between comedy and tragedy to heighten tension, his expansion of minor characters, and his use of sub-plots to embellish the story, has been praised as an early sign of his dramatic skill. The play ascribes different poetic forms to different characters, sometimes changing the form as the character develops. Romeo, for example, grows more adept at the sonnet over the course of the play. Romeo and Juliet has been adapted numerous times for stage, film, musical and opera. During the Restoration, it was revived and heavily revised by William Davenant. David Garrick's 18th-century version also modified several scenes, removing material then considered indecent, and Georg Benda's operatic adaptation omitted much of the action and added a happy ending. Performances in the 19th century, including Charlotte Cushman's, restored the original text, and focused on greater realism. John Gielgud's 1935 version kept very close to Shakespeare's text, and used Elizabethan costumes and staging to enhance the drama. In the 20th century the play has been adapted in versions as diverse as MGM's comparatively faithful 1936 film, the 1950s stage musical West Side Story , and 1996's MTV-inspired Romeo + Juliet . If you need this information for a school project, feel free to use it. Hope it helps either way. :) ( Full Answer )
Do you agree or disagree that Hamlet suffers because he is ill-suited to be the protagonist for a revenge tragedy?
It's an old theory about Hamlet that he is "a man who couldn't make up his mind", (this simpleminded statement is made at the beginning of Laurence Olivier's 1948 Hamlet movie), and that his indecisiveness is what keeps him from revenging himself on Claudius at the beginning of Act II. Hamlet himsel…f supports this in his soliloquy "How all occasions do inform against me." It is an even older idea that Hamlet is a dilletante, for whom taking action is all too sordid. This is the Hamlet painted by Delacroix and loved by the Victorian romantics. A newer idea is that Hamlet has developed a modern ethic in which revenge is wrong, and that he suffers conflict between his duty to his father and his belief that what he has been commanded to do is wrong. In all of these cases there is a notion that Hamlet has some kind of genetic flaw which prevents him from executing the revenge with alacrity. But an example of any other revenge tragedy reveals that the revenger does not rush in in act two and consummate his revenge--he lays some devious and complicated plot which takes most of the play to work out. Middleton's Revenger's Tragedy or Kyd's Spanish Tragedy are good examples. So in this sense, Hamlet's cautiousness about completing the revenge is typical of all revenge tragedy heroes and makes him most suitable for the role. (They all suffer as well). A further approach would jettison the notion that characters in plays never develop and have some permanent and incurable flaw which does them in. Basically, this means chucking Aristotle in the bin (where, in the opinion of Fintan O'Toole and your answerer, he belongs) and recognising that people change and that plays about people who change are more interesting than those about unchanging caricatures. In this view, Hamlet starts out as a self-absorbed and somewhat ineffectual man who, as the play goes on, goes through periods of self-doubt and control freakiness to become the kind of man who can turn the tables on Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, leap aboard a pirate ship, confront Laertes at Ophelia's funeral and ultimately to "defy augury" and to accept his fate. And through this process he becomes the kind of man who can indeed be the protagonist in a revenge tragedy, which he of course is--the protagonist in the greatest revenge tragedy ever. ( Full Answer )
They were not the same Tragedies were usually written in trilogies and were tragic whereas comedies consisted of one part which usually was to make fun of a political figure
It is impossible to answer you question in a line or two. Aristotle wrote a whole book (his Poetics ) as he tried to define tragedy. See if you can find a condensed version - you could try looking on t he Internet for 'Aristotle's definition of tragedy' or 'Aristotle's Poetics '. Good luck!
Here as you know was married to Zeus. But she was very jealous. And she had every right to be. Zeus would constantly cheat on her with thousands of mortal woman. One time Zeus was doing his thing with, yet another one of his mistresses. But Hera had caught wind of it this time. She went down their h…erself. Zeus Saw her coming and in attempt to save her life he turned he into a calf. Hera understood it was a trick, and cleverly asked for the calf as a gift. Zeus reluctantly said yes. Hera Kept the calf under heavy guard, she had a monster watch it, but the monster had eyes all over his body. So Zeus sent down a helper. The helper went down and started telling the most boring story ever. And He made the monster sleepy. Slowly, eye, by eye, the monster fell asleep. and died. He was bored to death. The calf was set free and it ran away. Another thing about Hera was that she hated Hercules. As it shows in the movie by Disney, Hercules is attacked by Hates while in love with another character named meg. But the truth is, Hates like Hercules and Hera Hated him, and Meg isn't Even an actual goddess or even mortal in mythology. Strictly made up. OK so, now I'm saying all this confusing stuff. But listen. in the movie - hates = enemies - meg = real - Hera = good real - hates = good - meg = fake - Hera = enemies So, this is what happened. Zeus had an affair, and had Hercules, and kept him. Hera hated Hercules, because every time she looked at him she was reminded of Zeus being unfaithful. So She had to get rid of him. So she mad his mind wacko out, and he went in sane and killed his sons. Then he had to go pay of his crime by doing the 10 labors. But he had to do two more because Hera claimed that Hercules didn't do two good enough. Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_were_greek_goddess_Hera's_flaws#ixzz1mBDn7PFy ( Full Answer )
These are to be determined by the individual based on the myth or god taken as a whole; Pluto is the Roman equivalent of Hades, but in Pluto is the god of wealth above (spring, the return of his wife Proserpina) and below (gold) belonging to him.
There is no evidence that Shakespeare had ever heard of Aristotle's Poetics and considerable evidence that he had not. The evidence that he had not is that virtually none of his tragedies pay attention to Aristotle's strictures on what tragedy should be about. For example, King Lear changes from an… autocrat, to a madman, to someone who is serenely centred to someone who is shattered by grief. Consider what Aristotle thought were essential to tragic heroes--that they be good (is Lear's treatment of Cordelia and Kent good?), appropriate (is the spectacle of a king stripping himself naked and acting like a child appropriate?), and consistent. King Lear is none of these, and particularly not consistent. The Shakespearean tragic hero who most complies with Aristotle's ideas is Timon in Timon of Athens; the one who least complies is Hamlet. Thank heaven Shakespeare knew nothing of Aristotle. ( Full Answer )
Pleasure proper to tragedy implies that a person who is in pleasure develops a negative attitude towards other people around. HIS approach to life becomes dull and unappealing. Without ups and down of life it is impossible to enjoy.Thus if a person is in constant pleasure This itself is tragedy.
No he did not. Aristotle created the discipline of logic. He used this logic to answer life's greatest question. ..What is holding up reality? His answer was the universe must be held up and sustained by something that was uncreated and not part of the material world. . Otherwise it too would r…equire a cause. We see design so it must be a mind . He called this God... The unmoved mover and first cause. He determined God was One...There were not "gods" ( Full Answer )
It is difficult to answer this one, because the play is not clearly structured in this way. However, the character closest to a protagonist must be Brutus. Antony is his antagonist.
The question is self-referential. Critics have, after reading Aristotle's Poetics, decided that tragedies ought to have "tragic heroes" who have "fatal flaws". It is a totally artificial concept which really doesn't have much to do with Shakespeare, who didn't know anything about Aristotle and didn'…t care. Nevertheless, generations of students have been set the task of scuttling about Shakespeare's tragedies looking for tragic heroes and fatal flaws and doing their best to shoehorn various characters into the definitions so as to make their teachers and professors happy. This is necessary, they are led to believe, because if they cannot find these things, the plays will no longer be tragic. All of this comes from a misreading of Aristotle, who was trying to figure out why Sophocles's Oedipus was such a sad play. Aristotle was being descriptive, but all of these classical Aristotle-worshippers took him as prescriptive , so that they understood him to mean that any play which was not like Oedipus could not be a tragedy. Let's face it, nobody is perfect. You can find flaws in anyone if you're really judgemental. And no matter how rotten someone's luck is, the more priggish among us will find a way to blame the unfortunate sufferer for his rotten luck. But that is not how tragedy works. We do not feel sad about what happens to Romeo because he is impetuous, or Othello because he is impetuous, or Hamlet because he isn't impetuous enough. We don't feel sad about Macbeth because he is ambitious or about Lear because he is not ambitious enough. We feel sad about these characters because bad things happen to them which are far worse than they deserve. Poor Romeo was trying his darndest to be nice to Tybalt. Othello was such a good guy but he got completely duped by Iago. Macbeth was a good guy at the start, but he got talked into making a big mistake. Hamlet got stuck with a visit from a ghost he didn't need or want. Romeo and Juliet are tragic, not because they have flaws, but because they end up dead when they are a nice couple of kids who deserved to be happy with each other. ( Full Answer )
Aristotle considered catharsis to be so important to a tragedybecause it makes the protagonist seem realistic. It also allowedthe audience to empathize with the characters and have an emotionalstake in the actions.
"For the Greeks, plays like the Theban Trilogy, served as important parts of curriculum of education. Tragic plays, Aristotle argues, are important in teaching us to be human. From them, we learn sympathy and can purge ourselves of these passionate emotions without actually have to go through the tr…agities"- G. Tyler Fischer, Theban Trilogy, Omnibus 1 writer. ( Full Answer )
The Satyr is a short farce based on mythological figures. A tragedy is a serious play depicting the downfall or destruction of a noble character as a result of a flaw, weakness, or error in judgement.
When she was 7 or 8 years old her father suddenly died and it isbelieved he was poisoned by political enemies.
It really depends on whether you believe that people have "tragic flaws" (Shakespeare didn't), and if you do, what Macbeth's tragic flaw was. If you think his tragic flaw was giving in too easily to his wife, then his wife talking him into the murder in Act 1 Scene 7 is probably it. If you think his… flaw is that he's too ruddy violent, possibly this became apparent when he split the fellow from the nave to the chops. ( Full Answer )
Mostly every person interested in Science asks this question.Here is the list of greeks astronomers and their discoveries: . Pythagoras . Pythagoras (580?-? B.C.) was a philosopher and mathematician whois famous for formulating the Pythagorean Theorem, but theprinciples of the theorem were known… earlier. Little is known abouthis early life but scholars suspect that he was born on the islandof Samos. Around 529 B.C., he settled in Crotona, Italy. Pythagorastaught that numbers were the essence of all things and wasresponsible for starting the Pythagorean Brotherhood which was heldin suspicion by the common people in that area. Most of the membersof this brotherhood were killed in a political uprising. Pythagorasbelieved that the earth was spherical and that the planets havetheir own movements. His successors were responsible for developingthe idea that the earth revolved around a central fire. . Plato . Plato (427?-347? B.C.) was born in Athens to a verydistinguished family and became a philosopher and educator. Platowas really his nickname; his real name was Aristocles. He tried toenter politics twice, but was repelled by the politicians'disgusting practices, one of which was the condemning of his friendSocrates to death. In 387 B.C. he founded the Academy, which was aschool of philosophy and science in Athens. One of his pupils atthe Academy was Aristotle, who became famous as a philosopher. Hecreated 36 literary works, 35 dialogues, and a group of letters.His works were mainly concerned with philosophy and ethics but hetaught Aristotle at his Academy, who in turn contributed toastronomy and science. . Aristotle . Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) was probably the most learnedphilosopher in ancient Greece and was one of the most influentialthinkers in Western culture. He and his teacher Plato areconsidered to be the most important Greek philosophers. Aristotlewas born in a small town in the northern part of Greece namedStagira, but his parents died when he was young, so a guardiannamed Proxenus raised him. He entered Plato's school at age 18 andremained there for 20 years. After Plato died in 347 B.C., he leftthe school and married a woman named Pithias. Around 343 B.C.,Aristotle became the personal educator of Alexander, the son ofPhilipII, king of Macedonia. Alexander later became known Alexanderthe Great when he conquered the Persian empire. Around 334 B.C.,Aristotle returned to Athens and started a school called theLyceum. Soon after Alexander died in 323 B.C., Aristotle wascharged with impiety, which was lack of reverence for the gods. Hefled to the city of Chalcis but died a year later. . Aristotle wrote on logic, philosophy, metaphysics, ethics, andpolitics. He wrote about the movement of heavenly bodies in hisbook On the Heavens and investigated the change that occurs whensomething seems to created or destroyed in On Coming-to-be andPassing-away. Aristotle was aware that the moon shines byreflecting light from the sun and was aware of the spherical shapeof the earth because of the circular shadow it cast on the moonduring an eclipse. Aristotle also expanded an idea introduced byEudoxus (408-355 B.C.) who suggested many transparent shellsrotating around the earth with the stars and planets on them. Itdid not explain the motions of the planets very well. Aristotlereasoned that the earth must be at the center of the universebecause if it orbited anything else, it would leave its moonbehind. . Euclid . Euclid (300? B.C.) is known as the father of geometry. His mostfamous work is a book, which was used as a textbook until about1903, called Elements. In his book, he developed a system ofgeometry known as Euclidean geometry. Euclidean geometry can bedivided into plane geometry and solid geometry. Plane geometrydeals with shapes and concepts on a two dimensional plane, solidgeometry deals with the study of three dimensional shapes such ascones and spheres. Plane geometry is still taught in all highschool math books. . Archimedes . Archimedes (287?-212 B.C.) was a mathematician and inventor. Heis called the father of experimental science by many historiansbecause he tested his ideas with experiments. He discovered thelaws of levers and pulleys and the basic laws of hydrostatics. Healso found a more precise way of calculating the value of pi andinvented a number system that was more workable than the Romansystem. His inventions include the catapult and the Archimedianscrew. He is most famous for finding a way of determining whetherking Hiero's crown was solid gold. He first dipped a lump of solidgold, which was the same weight as the crown, in water and measuredhow much water overflowed the container. He then dipped the crownin the tub and measured the water that overflowed that time. If theamounts of water were equal, then the crown was solid gold. Theyweren't, and by this method, he discovered that the goldsmith whomade the crown had cheated the king. Archimedes was killed when theRomans captured Syracuse, the town of his birth. . Eratosthenes . Eratosthenes (276?-194? B.C.) was a talented astronomer, poet,and historian who found a way to determine the size of the earth.He assumed that the earth was a sphere and that the sun was farenough away from the earth that the light rays coming to it wouldbe almost parallel. Then he found that at the sun was directlyoverhead on the summer solstice at noon at a town called Syenebecause a pole cast no shadow. He also found that at noon of thesame day at Alexandra, which was about 7 degrees or 4900 stadia (1stadium equals about 0.16 km) to the north, a vertical pole castsno shadow. He then used Euclidean geometry to calculate thecircumference of the earth at about 252,000 stadia (40,320 km)which was close to today's mean value of 40,030 km. . Aristarchus . Little is known about Aristarchus (200s B.C.) other than that hewas a Greek astronomer who was the first to say that the earthrevolves around the sun. His works were lost, but his ideas werequoted by the Greek mathematician Archimedes. In Aristarchus'ssurviving treatise On the Magnitudes and Distances of the Sun andMoon, he does not mention his theory on earth's orbit. . Hipparchus . Hipparchus (180?-125? B.C.) was an astronomer who was born inNicaea and discovered the precession of the equinoxes. He foundfrom records of earlier observations that the stars had shiftedeastward. He explained that phenomenon by a slow westward motion ofthe equinoxes called the precession of the equinoxes. Hipparchuscreated the first star chart, which showed their brightness andposition on a celestial sphere. He also distinguished between thedifferent lengths of the solar and sidereal years. Based on hisobservations of the unequal length of the seasons, he drew up animproved description of the sun's movement. Of his writings, allwere lost except for a commentary about an astronomical poem.Ptolemy absorbed everything of value from Hipparchus'streatises. ( Full Answer )
When she was only 8 years of age her father died suddenly and itwas thought he was murdered. At the age of 18 she left home to jointhe Sisters of Loreto and never saw her mother or sister again.
Hazel's fatal flaw has not been addressed in the series, but sometheorize that her flaw is holding grudges. This is a common flaw inthe children of Hades.
The Greek gods weren't human and they weren't just characterswritten for a story. They were the personification of natural andemotional forces in the Greek's lives. In AtÃ«'s case, shepersonified folly, mischief and ruination. As a goddess, she didn't have flaws, per se, but if you wanted tochara…cterize her with a flaw, it would be hubris, in thinking shecould influence or outwit Zeus. But in reality, she just fell preyto greater gods. ( Full Answer )
Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher; this word (phil =lover, sophos = wisdom) to the Greeks meant all branches oflearning, so yes, Aristotle was a scientist.
It originated as dances and singing to the gods in forest glades,then on stages for an audience with an orator, then a second actorand finally a third actor, supported by a chorus. It reached itspeak in the 5th Century BCE.