Gauze was traditionally woven in Palestine. Though members of religious orders in Europe were forbidden to wear it, the fabric won a place for itself and emerged into modern life as gauze. The fabric, gauze, is more tightly bound than medical gauze but the fabric is still as airy.
Medical gauze is used to clean up cuts, bug bites, etc. Sterile gauze is used to cover wounds.
Medical gauze is slightly scratchy. It has the appearance of graph paper with tiny, square or rectangular open blocks that are interwoven. Air can easily pass through the small open blocks. In wounds that ooze fluid, gauze sticks as it is intended to do, in order to debride the wound.