What does the second word of a scientific name represent?
Each type of organism is assigned a two-part name. The first part of the name is the genus and the second part of the name is the species. For example, the scientific name for humans is "Homo sapiens". The scientific name is always given in italics, and only the genus, or first word in the name, is capitalized. The second part is lowercased.
They don't. The scientific name for humans is Homo sapiens, while the scientific name for lions is Panthera leo. Related animals begin with the same word (tiger, Panthera tigris), because the first word is the genus name, and the second word is the species name. A genus is a level of classification slightly larger than species.
The first word in the scientific name Canis is the genus (...which is sort of like the family, but less broad...), and Lupus is the species. Lupus is the Latin word for wolf and canis is the Latin word for dog. Canis familiaris is the name for a domestic dog. Another example would be the scientific name for humans, Homo sapiens. Homo means man in Latin and sapiens means wise in Latin. Other members of…