What is Kaaba and how it is significant?

already exists.

Would you like to merge this question into it?

already exists as an alternate of this question.

Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it?

exists and is an alternate of .

In Islam
In Arabic, Kaaba is called الكعبة. It is a cuboidal building in Mecca, in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is the most sacred site in Islam. It may spelled as Kaaba, Kaba, Ka'ba, Kaabah, Ka'bah, or Kabah. Muslims believe that Kaaba is the oldest religious building, in world history, for God Worship. It was raised by the Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim) with help of his son prophet Ismael (peace upon them). It is significant for Muslim for praying and for performing part of Hajj rituals.

More details

The Ka'bah is a stone cubicle structure measuring 15.25 m high. It is empty on the inside except for the sacred black stone (Hajr-al-Aswad) which is embedded in one corner. The Ka'bah is the physical center of Islam. It is revered as the very House of God worship.

The Ka'bah, as hinted in the Qur'an, was originally built by the Prophet Adam (as) and was, for some time, the center of worship for his progeny. Then in the course of time people became separated into different communities and adopted different centers for worship. The Qur'an (Ch. 3, v. 97) and authentic Traditions favor the view that prior to the erection of a building on this site by Abraham some sort of structure did exist, but it had fallen into ruins and only a trace of it had remained.

Abraham, under divine guidance, then rebuilt it some 4000 years ago and it continued to remain a centre of worship for his progeny through his son Ishmael (peace be on them). But with the lapse of time it became virtually converted into a house of idols which numbered as many as 360, almost the same as the number of days in a year.

At the advent of the Prophet Muhammad (sa) however, it was again made the centre of worship for all nations -- the Holy Prophet (sa) having been sent as a Messenger to all mankind, to unite those, who had become separated after Prophet Adam (as) into one common human brotherhood. It is said that around the year 570 A.D., the Christian Chief of Yemen, named Abraha, attempted to invade Makkah with the intention of destroying the Ka'bah. Abraha's army rode on elephants and in the Arab history the year 570 A.D. is known as the 'Year of the Elephant'. Abraha did not succeed in his mission and his army was destroyed by an epidemic of disease and a terrible storm. A special mention is made of this incident in a chapter of the Holy Qur'an in Surah Al-Fil
[Quran, chapter 105]: In the name of Allah, the Gracious, Merciful. Knowest thou not how thy Lord dealt with the Owner of the Elephant? Did He not cause their design to miscarry? And He sent against them swarms of birds, which ate their dead bodies, striking them against stones of clay. And thus made them like broken straw, eaten up.

This is the same year in which the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sa) was born, at which time his grandfather, Abdul-Muttalib, chief of the Arab noble tribe 'Quraish', was also the chief of Makkah. Prophet Muhammad's (sa) desire for maintaining peace and averting conflict is quite evident from an incident that occurred when he was about 35 years old. The Quraish of Makkah decided to rebuild the Ka'bah after some cracks had appeared in its walls.

All the families of the Quraish assisted in this effort. As the walls rose from the ground and the time came to replace the sacred black stone in its place, a dispute broke out. Each of the four main families of the Quraish wanted this honour exclusively for themselves and the construction of the Ka'bah came to a halt.

After many days of suspended work, the Quraish assembled again and decided that the first person to enter the Ka'bah's courtyard will be chosen to settle the dispute. Muhammad (sa) happened to be the first person to pass through. He was informed of the dispute, quickly grasped the situation and placed his mantle on the ground and asked that the Black Stone be placed on it. He then asked the four families of the Quraish to hold each corner of the cloth and raise the stone to its place. Thus, through his wisdom, he averted the conflict and resolved the dispute in a manner acceptable to the Quraish. No one knows for sure the background to the Black Stone (Hajr-al-Aswad), except for the fact that it was already there when Prophet Ibrahim and Ismael (peace be on them) rebuilt the Ka'bah under the direction of God.

As the Ka'bah was a centre of worship centuries before the advent of Prophet Ibrahim (as), it is believed that the Black Stone was part of the original structure. And as the structure fell to ruin over the centuries, traces of the foundation with the Black Stone remained. God directed Prophet Ibrahim (as) to the site of the remaining traces of the foundation and directed him to rebuild the Ka'bah for the purpose of worship. The Black Stone was embedded in one of the four corners above ground level. Though it had obviously been revered and respected by the previous generations, it should be borne in mind that the Black Stone itself does not hold any spiritual significance at all. The pilgrim may touch or if he can approach near enough, kiss the Black Stone, which is an emotional gesture calling to mind the Prophet (sa) kissed it when he performed circuit. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sa) did this, not because of any sanctity attached to the stone, but as an expression of his emotion at the Ka'bah, originally constructed by Prophet Ibrahim and his son, Prophet Ismael (peace be on them), having been finally restored to the worship of the One True God, and would henceforth remain dedicated to that worship. Fearing that the Prophet's kissing the Black Stone might be interpreted as ascribing some special virtue to the stone, Hadhrat Umar, the 2nd Khalifa (peace be on him), when performing the circuit, observed: I know this is only a stone no different from other similar stones, and were it not the memory that the Prophet expressed his gratitude to God for His favours and bounties by kissing it, I would pay no attention to it. From whichever direction the pilgrim enters the enclosure and approaches the Ka'bah, he begins his circuit from the corner in which the Black Stone is placed. A circuit of the Ka'bah means turning around it 7 times, reciting certain prayers, beginning and ending opposite the Back Stone. The Ka'bah is held in reverence by all Muslims of the world. Pilgrimage to the 'House of God' is a duty of every Muslim (if they can afford it), as is facing the direction of the Ka'bah (Qiblah) during their 5 daily Prayers.

The cloth covering that drapes the Ka'bah is called the Kiswa and has a fascinating and colourful history. Although its precise origin has been difficult to trace, the use of the Kiswa clearly pre-dates the advent of Islam. It is traditionally known that when the Prophet Abraham (as) was told by God to rebuild the Ka'bah, no mention was made of the Kiswa. Some scholars argue that the first Kiswa was made by the Prophet Ismael (as), but there is no evidence to support this. Others affirm that the first Kiswa was made by Adnan bin Ad', a great great-grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad (sa), but this claim also lacks authentication. The first historically verifiable record of the draping of the Ka'bah attributes the honour to Tabu Karab Aswad, King of Humayyur in the Yemen. Tabu invaded Yathrib (now Madinah) in 400 C.E., 220 years before the Hijra. He also entered Makkah and performed Umrah. He is said to have dreamt that he was making a covering and then dressed the Ka'bah with this Kasaf made of dried palm leaves sewn together. In one form or another, the Kiswa has draped the Ka'bah ever since. After the Prophet Muhammad (sa) defeated the pagans of Makkah and entered the Ka'bah, he cleansed it of all idols and turned it into a sacred sanctuary of monotheistic Islamic worship. In the 10th year of the Hijra (630 C.E.), 2 years after the Prophet (sa) led the campaign to free Makkah, the sacred valley of Mina, and Mount Arafat from the control of the Makkan pagans, he performed his first and only pilgrimage (Hajj). Over 100,000 pilgrims, at that date the largest gathering ever, flocked from all over Arabia for this pilgrimage.

For the first time in many centuries, the Ka'bah had once again become the exclusive sanctuary of monotheism. It is said that on this pilgrimage the Prophet Muhammad dressed the Ka'bah in its first Islamic Kiswa, referred to as the 'Yemeni Kiswa'. Khalifa (Caliph) Umar bin Al-Khattab ordered the first Egyptian-made Kiswa in 13 A.H. (634 C.E.). It was made from thick cloth known as Gabaati. Every year, at the time of pilgrimage, the Kiswa was cut into pieces and distributed among the pilgrims. Verses such as 'Glory be to Allah', 'There is no God save Allah', and 'Allah is Merciful and Loving' used to be stitched on to the Kiswa in those early days of Islam. At one time, it had become a custom that the old Kiswa was not removed, the new one being put on top of the old. This continued until the reign of Al-Mahdi, the Abbasid Khalifa. When he performed Hajj in 160 A.H. (775 C.E.) he saw that the accumulated Kiswas could cause damage to the Ka'bah itself. He therefore decreed that only one Kiswa should drape the Ka'bah at any one time, and this has been observed ever since.

The colour of the Kiswa has also changed many times over the centuries. Al-Mamoon -- 198-218 A.H. (813-833) dressed the Ka'bah in a red Kiswa, and by the reign of contemporary of Saladin the Great, Khalifa Al-Nasir Al-Abbasi, the colour of the Kiswa had changed to green. Khalifa Al-Nasir changed it to black, and black it has remained to this day. For centuries the Kiswa used to be transported from Egypt to Makkah in the Mahmal -- a special litter at the head of a caravan, with as many as 15 camels carrying various sections of the revered garment. The sending of the Mahmal was regularly accompanied by much fanfare and celebration in Egypt, while its arrival in Makkah was hailed with music and joyous acclaim. When the founder of Saudi Arabia, the late King Abdul Aziz ibn Saud entered Makkah in 1924 C.E., he and his men objected to the music and dancing which accompanied the delivery of the Kiswa from Egypt. He and his men held to the pure Islamic faith and considered this an unacceptable innovation, and this eventually led to clashes with Egyptians which resulted in them stopping to send the Kiswa. King Abdul Aziz founded the holy Ka'bah factory.

The first Makkan-made Kiswa to drape the Ka'bah was at the end of 1927 and for the next 10 years Makkah produced the Kiswa. With the political rift healed in 1939, Egypt resumed sending the Kiswa until it fell victim again to the vagaries of political change in 1962. The Kiswa factory in Makkah was once again opened and it was declared that 'the Kiswa factory should be in Makkah so that it is not affected by the moods of the rulers of the Muslim world'. Every year the Kiswa is woven at a cost of SR17 million. It is made of 670 kg pure white silk, which is later dyed black. It is made up of 47 pieces, each piece being 14 m long and 95 cm wide. The Ikhlas Surah from the Holy Qur'an is embroidered in gold on the four corners. Under the belt, all round the Kiswa, there are 16 panels with Qur'anic verses. The intricate calligraphy is emblazoned on the black silk using 120 kg of gold and silver wire. The ratio of gold to silver is 1 to 4. On the bright sunny days the blazing Arabian sun glints off the Kiswa's lustrous gold and silver embroidery. At night the Kiswa shimmers with the soft glow in the brightly-lit open courtyard of the Grand Mosque. The effect is at once awe-inspiring and breathtaking, as well as being soothing to the eyes of the faithful. The sight of the Ka'bah covered with the splendour of the Kiswa is an image which becomes emblazoned in the minds of those who have had the honour of visiting the house of Allah. With longing they will picture this beautiful sight over and over. The interior of the Ka'bah is draped with dark green silk, also decorated with Qur'anic verses and Islamic designs. The solid gold doors of the Ka'bah are set 2 m above the ground and a movable wooden canopied staircase is used to enter the Ka'bah on the rare occasions when the doors are opened only to the King of Saudi Arabia and his special guests. One of these special people were the late Sir Muhammad Zafrullah Khan, a prominent member of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at, who visited Makkah.

Twice a year, in the months of Shaban and Dhul Hijja, the interior of the Ka'bah is ceremonially washed with water perfumed with rose and sandalwood. The ceremonial washing is performed by the king or sometimes his deputised representative, the governor of Makkah. Nowadays it is done by the custodian of the two Mosques. At the second washing which takes places a few days before Hajj, the Kiswa is replaced by a new one. The removed Kiswa is then cut into pieces and presented as mementos to Muslim individuals and diplomats and to favoured institutions all over the world.

The reception hall in the delegates' lounge of the UN building in New York is adorned by one particularly large and impressive piece, the Sitara (one of the four drapes that cover the doors of the Ka'bah) which measures 2.5 m wide and 9 m high. The Kiswa, by itself, does not hold any particular religious significance to Muslims. It should therefore be understood that the reverence in which it is held, and the magnitude of effort and cost that goes into its making and upkeep, is due solely to the desire of Muslims to ensure that it reflects the sanctity, the splendour, and the majesty befitting the structure that it drapes, the Ka'bah -- House of Allah. The Ka'bah is par excellence the House of Allah. Of course, all the places of worship are 'Houses of Allah', and as the Prophet (sa) declared: 'The whole earth is made a mosque for me', but the Ka'bah has been declared by God Himself to be the Sacred House, being the first House consecrated to the worship of the One True God (Holy Qur'an, Ch. 3: v. 97). Thus the expression 'House of Allah' is understood through the Muslim world to refer to the Ka'bah.
The Ka'aba is the place which was a centre for idol worship before the Prophet Muhammad cleansed it. It is mostly seen from the outside but has a large open interior.

The Kaaba is a stone cube covered with a black cloth in the Grand Mosque in Mecca. Muslims believe that it was built by Adam, and then rebuilt by Abraham, and the descendants of Noah.
A Ka'ba is a holy place. It is considered the most holy place in Islam.
16 people found this useful

What is a kaaba?

Kaaba is a historic building..at the direction of kaaba muslim worship but not worship kaaba

How old is the Kaaba?

the Kaaba was constructed by Ibraham and his son Ismael, after Ismael had settled in Arabia.The building has a mosque built around it, the Masjid al-Haram. All Muslims around the world face the Kaaba during prayers, no matter where they are. u can not find an exact age for it.

Is there an inside to the Kaaba?

The inside of the Kaaba is a plain stone room. It is opening occasioanlly, and people sometimes pray inside it.

What is inside kaaba?

We do not know for sure as no ordinary Muslims is allowed inside. Only the statesmen are allowed to go inside and we have to believe what they say. They say that it is a stone room with no electricity and no floor rugs. Just a plain stone room. In the middle of the room, there is a horizontal bar ( Full Answer )

When was the Kaaba built?

the kaaba was built in 1981 Answer By Prof. Muhammad Aslam Gondal It is, rather, very misleading statement that Kaaba was built in 1981. Kaaba was first built by Hazrat Adam (AS). It was completely washed away during the Great Flood of Hazrat Noah (AS). It was rebuilt on the same foundations b ( Full Answer )

Who built the kaaba?

Muslims tell us that the kaaba was built by Ibrahim and his sonIsmail. Islamic traditions assert that the Kaaba was first built byAdam, the first man on earth and that Abraham and Ismail rebuiltthe Kaaba. The Best estimates is that the Kaaba really dates to about the 3rdcentury BC and Abraham could ( Full Answer )

Who made the kaaba?

according to Islam first time made by Adam with help of angel Gabriel. and then repaired and rebuilt by Ismael (PBUH) the son of Abraham (PBUH)

How do you describe the kaaba?

The kaab ais a cubed shape which is covered in a beautiful black silk and about two thirdds of the way up, runs a gold embroided calligraphy, some of which has been extracted from the qur'an.. The kaaba is a cubed shape which is covered in a beautiful black silk and about two thirds of the way up, ( Full Answer )

What is inside the kaaba?

it is a black stone called the 'Lingam' by the hindus. basically the Muslim and hindus are praying to a same particular object. Answer: Kaaba is an empty room. there is no stone, no gold inside it. there used to be idols inside it which were removed by Prophet Muhammed (PBUh) himself when mecca ( Full Answer )

Who built kaaba?

First time Adam and then Ibrahim and Ismael repaired it and then Muhammad repaired it (peace be upon them all). according to shia Islam only a messenger of God or an infallible Imam can repair the Kaaba unless "the black stone" will not be placed in wall of Kaaba. after death of messenger of God Muh ( Full Answer )

Origin of Kaaba?

The Kaaba, which simply means "cube," which it nearly is, is a masonry building in Mecca. It's very old, and as to who built it there are three answers: 1. Traditional (Muslim): Abraham 2. Traditional (Hindu): Worshippers of Shiva 3. Archeological: not sure, but the Hindu answer is more likely th ( Full Answer )

What is the kaaba used for?

KAABA is the direction that all moslems refer to while performing "salaat" (prayers) five times a day. The direction taken into consideration is "West" (sun setting in one's place)

What is housed in the kaaba?

Housed in the Kaaba is the Sacred Black Stone, that the Muslims to be placed there by Ibrahim (Abraham) and Ismail Ishmael . They worship it and is still there today.

When was the Kaaba made?

A: We do not know when the Kaaba was constructed, as it was already in existence long before the time of the prophet Muhamamad and was an object of devotion for three great faiths in and around Arabia - Judaism, Christianity and paganism. Muslims believe that Adam constructed the Kaaba, but tha ( Full Answer )

Where is kaaba locate?

Wikipedia states The Kaaba (Arabic: الكعبة al-Kaʿbah; [ˈkɑʕbɑ] or [ˈkæʕbæ]; "Cube") [1] is a cuboidal building in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, and is the most sacred site in Islam. [2] The building predates Islam, and, according to Islamic tradition, the f ( Full Answer )

What is the Kaaba stone?

The Black Stone was originally a sacred pagan stone. The Christian, Clement of Alexandria wrote ca 190 CE that "the Arabs worship stone", a reference to their veneration of stones such as this one. The ancient Persians claimed that that the stone is an emblem of Saturn, left in the Kaaba by Mahabad ( Full Answer )

Who rebuilt the kaaba?

Prophet Abraham supported by his son Ishmael (or Ismael). The younger son Isaac was not yet born by Sarah and when born he never passed by the place of Kaaba or Mecca or its vicinity.

What is written on the kaaba?

although it doesnt directly say, but yes, the words are stitched with gold embroidery (read gold threads) and they are verses from the Quran..and they change each year.. I dont know as to whose authority they choose which verses.. But I suppose it doesnt matter.. maybe they rotate a new verse every ( Full Answer )

Why do muslims go round the kaaba?

It is obligatory for the Pilgrim (haji) to go around Ka'aba. Ka'aba is the House of almighty Allah. It was rebuilt by HazratAbraham (AS) assisted by his son Hazrat Ismaiel (AS). AlmightyAllah commanded Hazrat Abraham (AS) to announce to the people ofthe universe (living or yet to take birth) to come ( Full Answer )

Who brought the first idol in Kaaba?

As mentioned in the history the first person who brought the idols to the Arabian Peninsula was called " Amr Ben Lohaee", he was a master from the Arabian tribe "Khuza'ah". In Arabic, this is his name : "عمرو بن لحي الخزامي"

What is the Kaaba made of?

Inside the Kaaba, the floor is made of marble and limestone. The interior walls are clad with marble halfway to the roof. The marble is inset with Qur'anic inscriptions. The wall directly adjacent to the entrance of the Kaaba has six tablets inlaid with inscriptions. The top part of the walls are co ( Full Answer )

What do muslims believe is inside kaaba?

There are pillars inside Ka'aba. Ka'aba is the House of almightyAllah. It was rebuilt by Hazrat Abraham (AS) assisted by his sonHazrat Ismaiel (AS). Almighty Allah commanded Hazrat Abraham (AS)to announce to the people of the universe (living or yet to takebirth) to come to Ka'aba to perform Hajj. M ( Full Answer )

Why do Muslims go around the kaaba?

Praise be to Allaah. First of all it is essential to define the essence of the message to which Islamic sharee'ah calls, and how it differs from the idolatry of Jaahiliyyah. Then we will be able to understand whether tawaaf around the Ka'bah is a manifestation of idolatry or of Tawheed and Islam. ( Full Answer )

Who built the kaaba and why?

It is believed that Abraham, who is mentioned in the Bible, builtthe Kaaba. The Kaaba is a building that is a place of worship forall Muslims.

Who built khana-e-kaaba?

basically khan-e-kaba is grave of hazrat aadam alaihisslam and the existing form is made by hazrat ibrahim

Was the kaaba built by all the prophets?

No. Kaaba is the oldest building on earth. It is believed that it was built by Adam. Prophets Ibrahim (Abraham) and his son prophet Ismael (Ishmael), peace be upon them, raised up the building again.

What is the holy Kaaba?

The holy Kaaba is the oldest building on earth that was structured for God worship. The holy Kaaba is located in the city of Mecca (or Makkah) in the Kingdom od Saudi Arabia. Kaaba is surrounded by Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque or the Grand Mosque). The Kaaba is considered by Muslims as th ( Full Answer )

Who made Kaaba?

The person who made the kaaba is Abraham (Ibrahim) Ismael The kaaba is God's house

Where is the kaaba located at?

Kaba is located in the city of Makkah (or Mecca) in the current country of Saudi Arabia in Asia.

Why was the kaaba built for?

Abu Jaffar Al Baqer, narrates from Mohammad bin Ali bin Hussain r.a. that before descendant of Hazrat Adam a.s. on the earth, Almighty Allah, build a house called 'Bait-ul-Ma'amoor' which was right under His thrown and the angels do circumambulate (tawaf) around it. Than Almighty Allah SWT ordered t ( Full Answer )

Why is the kaaba made?

so that the great god Allah cud have a place to sleep in the cold windy nights....

What do Muslims do at the kaaba?

Turning around Kaaba for seven rounds is a ritual worship to be done either independently or in context with the rituals of hajj (pilgrimage) or Omra (minor pilgrimage). Also, Muslims perform Salat (praying); that is the 2nd pillar of Islam five pillars; facing Kaaba.

Why is the Kaaba so special to Islam?

Kaaba is important to Muslims for the following reasons: . Kaaba is the oldest religious building on earth since start of mankind . Kaaba was raised by the Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim), the father of God prophets, and with support and help of the Prophet Ismael, the ancestor of prophet Muhammad (pea ( Full Answer )

How long does it take from NJ to the kaaba?

A flight from Newark Liberty International Airport to King Abdulaziz International Airport can potentially take as little as 16 hours. The bus from Jeddah to Mecca can take as little as 8 hours.

What gods did Muslims worship at the Kaaba?

The one and only one God, with no partner,. no son, no companion, no associate, and no resemblance; same God of Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, and same God of all God prophets and all God religion followers. The kaaba is a holy place were Muslims worship. it is a place were everyone is one equals ( Full Answer )

What is the kaaba of muslims?

Ka'aba is the House of almighty Allah. It was rebuilt by HazratAbraham (AS) assisted by his son Hazrat Ismaiel (AS). AlmightyAllah commanded Hazrat Abraham (AS) to announce to the people ofthe universe (living or yet to take birth) to come to Ka'aba toperform Hajj. Miraculously, the people or the so ( Full Answer )

Why do muslims care about the Kaaba?

Ka'aba is the House of almighty Allah. It was rebuilt by HazratAbraham (AS) assisted by his son Hazrat Ismaiel (AS). AlmightyAllah commanded Hazrat Abraham (AS) to announce to the people ofthe universe (living or yet to take birth) to come to Ka'aba toperform Hajj. Miraculously, the people or the so ( Full Answer )

What is the original purpose of the kaaba?

I honestly don't know. They didn't teach me this when I was in school. But my guess would be for religious porpuses. All I can say is my neighbors are Jewish and they have traveled to the Kaaba 3 times. The youngest neighbor said that they have to travel there at least once in their live time. (Unle ( Full Answer )

What did Muhammad do to the kaaba?

destroyed near 360 deities people prayed them as Gods before his prophet-hood. also repaired and rebuilt it.

Why do Muslims kiss the kaaba?

Muslims don't kiss it they pray to it the holy kabah if you look at images everything is dark but the holy kabah is the only light you can see because all that light is angels that is what Muslims believe ps: America suck Osama bin laden is NOT a TERRORIST he is a freedom fighter and he is figh ( Full Answer )

Why do people go to the kaaba?

Some people go to the Kaaba to touch the Black stone. Or they go to preform sacred rituals for thier religion.

How do you spell kaaba?

That is the correct spelling of the proper noun, Kaaba or Ka'aba, for the holy shrine in Mecca.

What is Holy Kaaba?

It's the house that has been chosen by the creator of the earth and heavens to be built on the face of the earth. It was built by the Prophet Abraham The creator of the earth and heavens has chosen the location of the place, and ordered Abraham to go there and build a house for the people to worship ( Full Answer )

Where is multhasam in kaaba?

The wall in front of Muqam-i-Ibraheem (AS). between the Door of theKa'abah and the Black stone, including the door.