Buffalo and Bison
Exotic Farm Animals

What is a buffalo?

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2013-11-13 00:14:50

A buffalo is a large wild cloven-hooved ruminating herbivore

that are relatives of the domestic bovine. There are several

species of buffalo:

(Asian) water buffalo (Bubalos

bubalis) - a member of, or relative of, the genus Bos

(cattle), either wild or domesticated, and widely farmed as meat,

dairy and draught cattle. A specific type of water buffalo is also

called Carabao.

(Asian) wild water buffalo (Bubalos

amee) - the ancestor of the domestic water buffalo.

African buffalo, or Cape

Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) - a distant relative of

the water buffalo, a large wild bovine plentiful in Africa and a

very hardy animal. It is not considered possible to domesticate the

African buffalo.

The following two are often termed "buffalo", but are not true

buffalo species:

American bison (Bison bison) - a wild

bovine found in North America in two subspecies, Bison bison

bison and Bison bison athabascae, not usually

domesticated, although they can be tamed to some extent and

certainly can crossbreed with domestic cattle.

European bison or Wisent,

pronounced Vi-zunt, (Bison bonasus) - of Asian

origin, and smaller than the American bison, it is the heaviest

native land animal in Europe. Herds roam forests in some Eastern

European countries, reintroduced from captive animals, since the

animal was rendered extinct in the wild due to over-hunting; the

last wild (prior to reintroduction) Wisent was killed in


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