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It is a pond that is designed, at a minimum, to retain and slow the flow of stormwater runoff so that solid pollutants, including sediments and trash, have an opportunity to settle out of the water column. Many are also designed such that the stormwater that is retained can infiltrate into the ground or pass through a wetland so chemical contaminants can be filtered out of the water, including metals, pesticides, and nutrients.

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Q: What is a storm water runoff treatment pond?
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Which body of water is most sensitive to fertilizer runoff?

Pond, because the water is stagnant.

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