What is chromaticism?
In music, the use of all 12 tones, especially for heightened expressivity. A standard key or mode principally employs 7 tones, leaving 5 tones for discretionary use. Use of all 12 tones in a given piece increased in the 18th and 19th centuries. Strictly controlled chromaticism, as in the ornamentation of Frédéric Chopin, did not threaten the perception of tonality. However, from the mid-19th century on, complaints were heard with ever greater frequency that it was difficult to perceive what a given piece's tonal centre was, the chromaticism in the works of Richard Wagner being the most notorious. The virtual breakdown in tonality in the works of advanced composers led to the free atonality of Arnold Schoenberg and his followers in the early 20th century.
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Chromaticism is using notes of the chromatic scale in place of some of the notes in the regular diatonic scale as an enhancement or alteration.
Chromaticism is defined as the use of raised or lower notes instead of the normal degrees of the scale. It often serves to heighten the emotional tension of music. Importance of use of chromaticism is also realized because it creates a richness in color that is an essential aspect of the romantic sensibility.
Using notes of the chromatic scale to develop a composition is called chromaticism.
Chromaticism uses notes outside of a given key to produce heightened color.
Chromaticism is using notes outside of a given key to produce heightened color.
Chromaticism is using notes outside of a given key to produce heightened color.
Yes. Wagner wrote during the late romantic period. The increasing chromaticism of his mature works is thought by some to have pointed toward atonality and early twentieth-century modernism.
Western tradition has divided an octave (the difference between the pitch of one note and the pitch of another with double the frequency), into twelve equal intervals called semitones. An interval of two semitones is a tone. Most western music is based on a series of tones and semitones producing a diatonic scale such as the major scale of tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone, tone, semitone. A piece of music which limits itself to the… Read More
Karol Berger has written: 'A theory of art' -- subject(s): Poetics, Arts, Philosophy, Aesthetics 'Theories of chromatic and enharmonic music in late sixteenth century Italy' -- subject(s): Music theory, History, History and criticism, Music, Chromaticism (Music) 'Bach's Cycle, Mozart's Arrow' -- subject(s): Criticism and interpretation, Music, History and criticism
His harsh, dissonant, musical compositions. Another answer: Schoenberg, along with Berg and Webern, is best known for being one of the founders of the Second Viennese School. They developed the use of the twelve-tone row ('atonal' music) as the basis of composition, which they saw as a logical development from the increasing chromaticism of music since Wagner. (As indeed it was.) Much of Schoenberg's music is neither harsh, nor any more dissonant than music of… Read More
Expanded or extended tonality can be related to composers such as Hindemith and early Schoenberg. It means extension of the common practice tonality. It results in highly chromatic music, where remotely related regions / harmonies are introduced, often in rather dense manner, free use of extended chords (9ths, 11ths, 13ths) as well as quartal harmony. Basically, it is all about quite free use of the whole chromatic gamut, while still maintaining a sense of central… Read More
He began writing romantic music with daring chromaticism, then moved to experiment with timbre, quartal harmony and atonality. He eventually developed his famous twelve-tone system (other composers did the same independently) which his student Alban Berg and Anton Webern mastered. Webern eventually became the leading influence on the modernists after World War II and this influence can naturally be traced back to Schönberg, making him one of the most influential composers of the 20th century… Read More
What does it mean when A song is in the key of C but uses the black notes Example is the famous super Mario theme?
In the Mario theme, there are two reasons why black notes are used in C major. One reason is because of chromaticism, which is when there is movement in half steps (or semitones), and in the Mario theme, the G sharp in the part that is E C G G# A F F A is an example of this. Another reason that is in the Mario theme is mode mixture, which is taking notes from… Read More
Aside from different stylistic reasons, what gives the name to these styles is basically the period in which they were written. Usually these are the dates that are agreed upon to define historical periods in music: Medieval: 500-1400 Renaissance: 1400-1600 Baroque: 1600-1750/60 Classical: 1730-1820 Romantic: 1815-1910 20th century classical: 1900-2000 Contemporary classical: 1975-present Now, answering the question: Baroque: Intense, highly ornated, irregula beats, abrupt dynamics, balanced homophonic and polyphonic textures. Classical: Emerged through a transitional… Read More
"The unusual character of the G-minor Symphony is established in the first bar of the Allegro molto. The violas offer a brief but quietly restless introduction-or as Neal Zaslaw describes it, "an accompaniment waiting for a tune to accompany"-to the rhythmically propulsive first theme, which remains piano for sixteen bars, a rare occurrence in classical symphonies. Chromaticism flavours the melodies and harmonic structure of the entire piece. The second theme appears in the relative major… Read More
Tough question! My pick would be Josquin des Prez, because his style became the template--four or more parts in distinct ranges, sophisticated imitative counterpoint, and careful expression of the text through rhythm, phrasing, and overall form. He also explored further into extended chromaticism than most before him (as in the motet "Fili mi Absalon"), and in addition to his sacred music had a distinct popular style (as in "Mille regretz" or "Grillo") that was perhaps… Read More
Based on an octave of 12 semitones, as opposed to a seven-note DIATONIC scale. A chromatic scale consists of an ascending or descending line of semitones. An instrument is said to be chromatic if throughout all or most of its compass it can produce all the semitones. Chromatic, a word ultimately derived from the Greek noun which means "complexion" or "color", and then from the Greek adjective χρωματικός (khrōmatikós; "colored"), may refer to: In music… Read More
There are literally thousands of braches of music. Music goes back to ancient prehistoric times, stemming mainly from African drumming. Over time, in western music, this refined down to the plainchant modal melodies which eventually became the Baroque period (J.S. Bach, Handel, Vivaldi). The Baroque period evolved into the Classical period (Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn) where music saw a fundamental change in style. The classical period was followed by the Romantic period which stemmed into a… Read More
The neoclassicists held the belief that man was the supreme power of all, the center of all thought and truth. As said by Alexander Pope, "the proper study of mankind is man." They held strictly to reason and order, to intellect and precision. They attempted to achieve perfection. Opposing them was the next era, however, of romanticism. Romantics, in direct opposition to the previous age, believed in the guiding forces of nature. They believed that… Read More
The Romantic Era (1850 - 1920 C.E.) The Romantic era was a period of great change and emancipation. While the Classical era had strict laws of balance and restraint, the Romantic era moved away from that by allowing artistic freedom, experimentation, and creativity. The music of this time period was very expressive, and melody became the dominant feature. Composers even used this expressive means to display nationalism . This became a driving force in the… Read More
This is indeed one of the classical period's most defining features. Baroque music tended to be right around half and half major and minor, but when the new classical style began to emerge, the taste for clear and simple structures and harmonies also engendered a strong preference for major keys. Minor keys, with their higher degrees of dissonance, chromaticism, and ingredients for pathos and tragedy, became quite rare in this era, something to be reserved… Read More
Melody A series of musical notes arranged in succession, in a particular rhythmic pattern, to form a recognizable unit. Melody is a universal human phenomenon, traceable to pre-historic times. The origins of melodic thinking have been sought in language, in birdsong and other animal sounds, and in the crying and playing of young children. The early development of melody may have proceeded from one-step voice inflections through combinations of such small intervals as minor 3rds… Read More
Interesting question, I'll make a go of it and hope others add on. To start with, music probably always reflects class differences, except where A) we have big pieces of the picture missing (such as the Middle Ages, when most of the music of the peasant majority wasn't written down), or B) where mass media blurs such differences, such as the "urban cowboy" phenomenon in the 1980s or the popularity of hip-hop in both the… Read More
Inevitably there's going to be some kind of subjectivity to any answer. I'll take your word "innovative" to mean "unprecedented". These are my suggestions: The anonymous author and composer of Musica Enchiriadis, a 9th century treatise devoted partly to polyphony. It didn't actually invent polyphony (strictly, the simultaneous sounding of more than one note; more accurately, two or more musical lines or melodies that are complementary but also independent in both pitch and rhythm), but… Read More
Eras and Movements in Western MusicMusic historians traditionally divide the development of Western music into several major periods and movements. Medieval (c. 500-1400) The Medieval era was the first time that composers in significant numbers began to write down music to preserve it and communicate it to others. The earliest examples of this written music come from the medieval Catholic Church, in the form of Gregorian chant. By the1400s, composers began to write polyphony. Polyphonic… Read More
There is no single answer to this question. A "musical note" encompasses four basic attributes: pitch, duration, volume (loudness), and expression. Musical pitches are not fixed entities, no matter how much electronic keyboard makers want us to think. The pitch which bears the identification "A=440" makes reference to the frequency (440 cycles per second, also called Hertz after a scientist who did a lot of work in telescopes and astronomy, and was also a musician.)… Read More
The suffix -ism means 'self-being or self-seeking'. Examples are abolitionism abolitionisms absenteeism absenteeisms absolutism absolutisms abstractionism abstractionisms absurdism absurdisms academicism academicisms academism academisms achromatism achromatisms acrotism acrotisms actinism actinisms activism activisms adoptianism adoptianisms adoptionism adoptionisms adventurism adventurisms aeroembolism aeroembolisms aestheticism aestheticisms ageism ageisms agism agisms agnosticism agnosticisms agrarianism agrarianisms alarmism alarmisms albinism albinisms alcoholism alcoholisms aldosteronism aldosteronisms algorism algorisms alienism alienisms allelism allelisms allelomorphism allelomorphisms allomorphism allomorphisms alpinism alpinisms altruism altruisms amateurism amateurisms amoralism amoralisms… Read More
Here are all the words that end in -ism abolitionism absenteeism absolutism abstractionism absurdism academicism academism achromatism acrotism actinism activism adoptianism adoptionism adventurism aeroembolism aestheticism ageism agism agnosticism agrarianism alarmism albinism alcoholism aldosteronism algorism alienism allelism allelomorphism allomorphism alpinism altruism amateurism amoralism anabaptism anabolism anachronism analphabetism anarchism anecdotalism aneurism anglicism animalism animism anisotropism antagonism anthropocentrism anthropomorphism anthropopathism antialcoholism antiauthoritarianism antiblackism anticapitalism anticlericalism anticolonialism anticommercialism anticommunism antielitism antievolutionism antifascism antifeminism antiferromagnetism antihumanism antiliberalism antimaterialism antimilitarism antinepotism… Read More
abandonments abbreviating abbreviation abbreviators abecedarians aberrational abjectnesses abolishments abolitionary abolitionism abolitionist abominations aboriginally abortionists abortiveness abracadabras abrasiveness abridgements abruptnesses absenteeisms absentminded absoluteness absolutistic absolutizing absorbancies absorbencies absorptances absorptivity absquatulate abstemiously abstractable abstractedly abstractions abstractness abstruseness abstrusities absurdnesses academically academicians academicisms acatalectics accelerandos accelerating acceleration accelerative accelerators accentuating accentuation acceptations accessioning accessorised accessorises accessorized accessorizes acciaccatura accidentally accipitrines acclamations acclimations acclimatised acclimatises acclimatized acclimatizer acclimatizes accommodated accommodates accommodator accompanists accompanying accomplished accomplisher accomplishes accordionist accouchement accouterment… Read More