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What is residency?

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Wiki User
2006-09-03 04:32:45

Residency is a stage of postgraduate medical training in North

America and leads to eligibility for board certification in a

primary care or referral specialty. It is filled by a resident

physician who has received a medical degree (M.D. or D.O.) and is

comprised almost entirely of the care of hospitalized or clinic

patients, mostly with direct supervision by more senior physicians.

A residency may follow the internship year or include the

internship year as the first year of residency. Whereas medical

school gives doctors a broad range of medical knowledge, basic

clinical skills, and limited experience practicing medicine,

medical residency gives in-depth training within a specific branch

of medicine, such as anesthesiology, dermatology, emergency

medicine, family medicine, internal medicine, neurology, obstetrics

and gynecology, pathology, pediatric medicine, psychiatry, physical

medicine and rehabilitation, radiology, radiation oncology, general

surgery. The field of surgery has several specialties such as

neurosurgery, orthopaedics, otolaryngology, ophthalmology, and


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