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What is the difference between a hydrogen bomb and an atomic bomb?


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Answered 2018-02-18 10:42:39

Atom bombs work by the principle of atomic fission (splitting large atomic nuclei), while hydrogen bombs work by atomic fusion (combining small atomic nuclei). The hydrogen bomb is hundreds or thousands of times more powerful than the atom bomb. The hydrogen bomb uses an atom bomb as a trigger.

The term "atomic bomb" is a general term that can be applied to any nuclear weapon. What kind of weapons are there and where does the hydrogen bomb fit in?

There are fission devices (the "regular" atomic bomb), fission-fusion devices (the clean hydrogen bomb) and fission-fusion-fission devices (the dirty hydrogen bomb).

In the atomic bomb (fission device), uranium or plutonium is forced into a "critical mass", causing the atoms of the element to fission or "split" into the smaller atoms of other elements. When they split, they give off neutrons that split even more of the atoms (i.e. chain reaction). Each atom gives off a tremendous amount of energy as a tiny fraction of its matter is converted.

In the clean hydrogen bomb (fission-fusion device), the heat given off by a fission explosion is directed at a container of fusible hydrogen (deuterium and/or tritium). The heat and pressure causes the hydrogen to fuse into helium, the same process that takes place in the Sun and stars. This reaction produces an incredible amount of energy, because again a tiny amount of matter from each atom is converted.

In the dirty hydrogen bomb (fission-fusion-fission device), the energetic neutrons from the fusion explosion are so numerous that a casing of "ordinary" uranium (mostly U-238) will also fission, creating a fantastic amount of energy (up to 90% of the total yield of the bomb can be from this fission). Thicker casings or additional stages could theoretically create massive bombs 1000 times the power of fission bombs. The largest bomb ever tested, the 50-megaton "Tsar Bomba" of the Soviet Union, was built with this design (three stage design: fission primary, fusion secondary, fusion tertiary). If it had used actual uranium around the third stage, it could have yielded 100 megatons or more. However, the fallout from such a bomb would be large and widespread, risking contamination of areas far beyond the target. In the configuration tested, the "Tsar Bomba" was actually the cleanest nuclear bomb ever detonated (in terms of amount of fallout per kiloton of yield), even though it produced more total fallout than any other nuclear bomb ever detonated (because of the very high yield).

The design used by modern weapons was created by the physicists Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam in 1951.
The "Hydrogen" bomb refers to the "Fusion" of a Hydrogen Isotope on an Atomic scale by way of steps of multiple reactions thus yielding a much more powerful explosion upwards of 500 Million Tons of TNT. It is also known as "ThermoNuclear". The "Atom" or "A" bomb refers to the "Fission" or "Fusion" of Uranium or Plutonium in a single step reaction, rather than multiple steps,yielding an explosion.

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What is the different between atomic bomb and hydrogen bombs?

A hydrogen bomb is an atom bomb; just one that uses hydrogen.


What is stronger between the atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb?

In general, a fusion bomb (hydrogen bomb) is more powerful than a fission (atomic) bomb. Fusion bombs use an atomic bomb to begin the fusion reaction.


What is the difference between an atom bomb and an atomic bomb?

Atom bomb is a shorter version of Atomic bomb


Why was the hydrogen bomb different from any atomic weapon?

the difference is that a hydrogen bomb uses water and is slow at reloading while a atomic bomb is a nuclear weapon and reloads faster and does more damage


Comparison between nuclear bomb and atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb?

Atomic bombs are fission weapons. Hydrogen bombs use fission/ fusion. Both are Nuclear weapons.


What is the difference between an atomic bomb and a nuclear weapon?

Those are two different names for the same thing.There actually is not a difference in the atomic bomb and nuclear bomb. Saying 'Nuclear Bomb' is a modern way of saying 'Atomic Bomb'.


Hydrogen bomb compared with atomic bomb?

A hydrogen or fusion bomb will be ten times more powerful than the original fission atomic bomb.


What is an 8 letter word that starts with an H and has to do with atomic?

Hydrogen is probably the word. Hydrogen bomb, atomic bomb...


How much more powerful is an atomic bomb than a hydrogen bomb?

The atomic bomb is less powerful than a hydrogen bomb. The hydrogen bomb Russia detonated was 25 times stronger that the one in Hiroshima.


What is the difference between atomic bomb and nuclear bomb?

They are the same it is just another way of stating it



What is another name for atom bombs?

Nuclear BombHydrogen BombA-bombH-bombAtomic bombAtomic warheadNuke


What is the world's largest bomb?

In WW2 it was the Atomic bomb today it is the Hydrogen bomb.


How much stronger is nuclear bomb than an atomic bomb?

You are confused, a nuclear bomb is a general name covering both "atomic bomb" and "hydrogen bomb". A hydrogen bomb is typically higher yield than an atomic bomb, although it is possible to design very small low yield hydrogen bombs for special purposes that have lower yield than "typical" atomic bombs. However for "typical" hydrogen bombs their yield is roughly 1000 times the yield of a "typical" atomic bomb.


Why is a hydrogen bomb more devastating that an atomic bomb?

according to my calculation the bomb has more gas or more chemicals than atomic bomb


What is more powerful a hydrogen or atomic bomb?

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What is the difference between a bagel and an atom bomb?

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Maximam dengrus bomb between nuclear bomb or hydrogen bomb?

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What is a uranium bomb?

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What make an atomic bomb different from a hydrogen bomb?

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What is the difference between a atom bomb and a nuclear bomb?

actually, they are both the same thing, nuclear bomb is just a more modern saying of an atomic bomb.




What was the design of the hydrogen fusion bomb?

Basically its a blanket of heavy hydrogen (deuterium) around a "regular" atomic bomb.


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