What is the disease cretinism?
Cretinism is a condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth due to untreated congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones (hypothyroidism). The term cretin refers to a person so affected1.
Cretinism is a condition of hypothyroidism during fetal life, infancy, and childhood. Characteristics include both severe stunted body growth and mental retardation. It is caused by a deficiency of Iodine, lack of a thyroid gland, or inability of the thyroid gland to produce enough hormones that are crucial to the development of a child. Cretinism can be prevented in one way by adding iodine into the persons diet.
What condition of arrested physical and mental development results from a congenital lack of thyroid secretion?
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