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Latitude and Longitude

What is the imaginary line that divides the Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres?


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October 05, 2017 11:42AM

The imaginary line is the equator, which runs east and west around the center of the globe.

The equator is the imaginary line halfway between the North and South Poles and is at 0° degrees latitude. It divides the Earth into North and South Hemispheres. The Sun appears directly above the Equator at the Autumn and Spring equinox.

Locations on the surface are defined by their angular distance north or south of the equator, which is latitude, and by their angular distance east or west of an arbitrary north-south line (the Prime Meridian) which is longitude.