What is the name of the government system that the people rule?
A democracy. Here's an URL: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9029895/democracy
Rule by the people is called a Democracy. Rule where the people elect representatives is called a Republic. Other common types of government include the following: Monarchy: rule by a king or queen Aristocracy: rule by aristocrats (usually the wealthy, educated people) Autocracy or Dictatorship: Rule by one person or a group of people. (Although of course most dictators claim to be leaders of democracies.)
The opposite of indirect rule is direct rule.Indirect rule is a system of government of one nation by another, though the governed people are allowed to retain certain administrative, legal, and other powers. Direct rule is a government in which a province is controlled by a central government run by the ruling country.
What is a system in which government powers are carefully spelled out to prevent government from becoming too powerful?
If by "our" government you mean America there are many observation that lead one to think America is a theocracy. Although theocracies are usually seen to be present in Moslem countries and in the Vatican, the USA has many attributes of a theocracy: It calls itself a Christian country based on the Bible Christian vales are maintained for many social interactions Prejudices against other religions is technically frowned on but is tolerated Religious practices (Swearing…
When people agree that their government has the right to make and enforce laws which form of government is this?
its not a form of government. This decision was made a long time ago when our founding fathers made the constitution, they probably didn't even ask the people if the government could rule them, but if the people are not happy with the way the government is working we are allowed to over throw the system or impeach government members,
Most of the time, the American democratic republic system of government is a modification of the golden rule: "who ever has the gold makes the rules". The money needed to get elected, the effect of lobbyists, the power of big companies often rule the government of the USA and money does impact how people are elected and how the USA is run.