What is the relationship of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence to civil rights and civil liberties?
The US Constitution and Declaration of Independence contributed much to the civil rights and liberties of the US political system. It is first important to distinguish the two documents. The Declaration was essentially a resolution passed by the Second Continental Congress to inform King George III that America had split. It had no real legal effect on the system, but it did provide a common ground of ideals (which were mainly borrowed from John Locke's work). The Preamble cites as natural rights "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness," claims that "all men are created equal," and that when a government becomes counterproductive of achieving these goals, it is the right and duty of the governed to change that government. These ideas are the basis for American political culture, and have provided for several Supreme Court decisions that allowed advancements in civil liberties and rights. The actual legal basis of these rights, however, must come from the Constitution. The Constitution was ratified at first without individual rights, but, at the urging of some New England liberals, one was added. The majority of civil liberties and civil rights have their bases in the Bill of Rights (Amendments I-X), Amendment XIV, and the right to habeas corpus. Amendment I: Freedom of and from religion, freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of assembly and freedom of petition. This amendment gives you a LOT of personal rights. It essentially allows for dissent against the government, a legal basis for the right to change government talked of in the Declaration. Also, it secularizes the state, allowing that no religion may use religious law as basis for law. This gives you the right to moral relativism (as long as your rights do not impede on the life, liberty, or property of another citizen.) Amendment II: Right to militia and arms. This allows for citizen organized militia and weaponry, should the dissent allowed by Amendment I fail to work. Some people argue that gun control violates the second amendment, but most legal scholars cite that the language of the text does not provide a clear answer. Amendment IV: The right against searches . This is a big one: the right to privacy comes directly from amendment IV and subsequent Supreme Court decisions. Amendment V: "The Fifth" This amendment allows that you do not have to testify if your testimony would incriminate you. This is commonly called "pleading the fifth." Amendment VI: Due Process Amendment VI gives those accused of crimes the right to a fair and speedy trial by a jury of their peers in the precinct in which the crime occured. This has been both strengthened and eroded by Supreme Court decisions. It also guarantees the right to legal counsel. Amendment VII: The right to jury trial in common law cases in which the value of the property in question is over $20. Amendment VIII: Amnesty from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment. These are pretty vague terms, but Supreme Court decisions have helped to clear up and grey area. Opponents of the death penalty, claim, and have succeeded before in claiming, that the death penalty is cruel and unusual punishment. Amendment IX and X: These amendments say that the rights of the federal government and states do not abridge the rigths of the people and that those powers not enumerated to the federal government nor reserved for the states belong to the people. This concept of individual government (or, as in the declaration, liberty) is essential to the US system. Amendment XV: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. This is the legal basis of equality, defined as an American ideal in the "all men are created equal" ideal of the Declaration. Habeas Corpus: the guarantee of habeas corpus is given in the text of the Constitution. It denies the government the ability to hold prisoners for an interminable amount of time without charging them of a crime. This is complemented by the sixth amendment. So, it is clear to see that the Declaration of Independence, while a very important philosophical document, did little for the legal environment of the United States. The Constitution manifested the ideas present in the Declaration in a legal sense.
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Answer . No, a judge cannot be sued. A case could possibly be brought against the state, but this is usually a situation where you appeal with these claims. Other Contributor Opinions . The grounds for suit against a presiding judge in which a party (parties) believe their Constitutional and/or c…ivil rights have been violated are referred to as "declaratory relief" or "injunctive relief". Both matters are complicated and should be discussed with an attorney who is qualified in federal and/or state Constitutional law. . The comment above stating a judge cannot be sued is not exactly accurate. There are a narrow set of circumstances in which a judge can be sued. I'm not well versed in that area of law but I am aware of a local judge being sued for decisions he made from the bench and a negotiated settlement was reached. As I recall it had something to do with the judges ruling violated the person's civil rights. ( Full Answer )
Civil Rights are freedoms granted to citizens of a country and civil liberties are the right of a person to practice their civil rights. Freedom of Speech is a civil right, criticizing the government in a public forum is a civil liberties.
Civil liberties are rights that individuals have against government, civil rights protect against private acts of discrimination. By Cynthia Rojas .
In the UK, civil liberties are the limitation of the power of the government that protect a citizen. They are 'negative' rights so to speak in that they determine what the government cannot do as opposed to what the citizen can do. For example, freedom of speech, freedom of association and the right… to fair trial. None of these aspects can be limited or interfered with by the government. . Civil rights are a set of moral rules that determine the rights of a citizen. Many of these moral stand points have been incorporated into international legal systems but are often not entrenched. For example the UK is a member of the European Convention of Human Rights. Human rights are Universal, in that they apply to all human beings world wide. They are fundamental meaning that entitlement to them cannot be removed and they are absolute in that they must be upheld under all circumstances.. Despite this, civil rights are often infringed. Also, in the UK civil liberties are precariously protected. UK parliament has sovereignty, meaning they can pass any law they like. They therefore have the ability to remove civil liberties from their citizens. In theory, the liberty of UK citizens is protected by Judicial review and the ECHR, however, the degree of this protection is questionable. ( Full Answer )
He killed approximately 20 million, including up to 14.5 million needlessly starved to death. At least one million executed for political "offences". At least 9.5 million more deported, exiled or imprisoned in work camps 1900 - Stalin organises labour demonstrations and strikes in the main ind…ustrial centres of the Caucasus (the region comprising Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia). 1903 - He is repeatedly arrested and imprisoned or sentenced to internal exiled for his activities but usually manages to escape. Nevertheless, between 1908 and 1917 he is free for only 18 months or just basically abusing human rights ( Full Answer )
Human rights are rights people have just by virtue of being human.Civil rights are bestowed by countries to their citizens. Civilrights may be taken away, but human rights are universal and can'tbe denied.
The Declaration of Independence states that "all men are created equal". In the time the Civil Rights Moventent started it had been about 100 years since Dec of Independence was written. Also, black slaves was a regular thing and blacks were more of property than a "man" (as in they didn't even thin…k about blacks in as "men" because white's were so used to not) The Declaration of Independence was brought up because that is what our nation is based on and blacks ARE still men. (and my best friend is a black!.... well girl) I don't know if that helped. It's kind of hard to explain..... ( Full Answer )
What is the relationship of the following civil rights civil liberties hyperpluralism and diversity?
People will need to know what the following civil rights libertiesare to know what the relationship is. Not knowing this informationmakes it hard to know what the relationship is.
On September 24, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus, an official court order demanding a prisoner be brought before the court in order to determine whether his (or her) incarceration is constitutionally valid. The writ of habeas corpus is considered a fundamental saf…eguard of liberty. Lincoln's suspension applied only to persons held as war captives or enlistment resisters during the US Civil War. The right of habeas corpus in civil court was superseded by trial before a military tribunal, similar to the treatment given Guantanamo detainees during the George W. Bush administration. Lincoln's order read (excerpt): "That the writ of habeas corpus is suspended in respect to all persons arrested, or who are now, or hereafter during the rebellion shall be, imprisoned in any fort, camp, arsenal, military prisons, or other place of confinement, by any military authority, or by the sentence of any court-martial or military commission." Historically, suspension of habeas corpus has been used in narrowly defined territories or with specific groups of people identified as threats, and has not been withheld from the population as a whole. ( Full Answer )
Civil liberties are rights the law gives to citizens, whereas natural rights belong to all humans regardless of what the law says.
My answer is that you can do anything as long as it doesn't hurt anyone on a large scale. I say "on a large scale" because it is almost impossible to do anything without hurting someone else. When we drive to work we hurt people. First of all we pollute the air for people that have asthma. We also w…orsen the plight of ulcer patients that get nervous in traffic and thus produce more acid in their stomachs. We also put pets in danger. Many cats and dogs, probably in the the tens of millions, are killed by cars. The question is, does the benefit outweigh the negative effects? Yes, because without the vehicle our life expectancies would go down, and I don't have the time to go into why this would happen (might have something to do with not being able to get food into the cities in time for the masses to eat it.) Because marijuana is the big issue right now I will discuss this. Smoke, smoke, smoke....to your hearts content. The marijuana issue is one of the biggest debates right now because people have begun to think. And where does the rabbit hole of thinking lead us to? It leads to a very normal man or women sitting at home smoking a bowl, while the drunks are downtown picking fights at the bars and killing people in car wrecks on the way home. These same people are driving up health costs by their health problems that they will inevitibly incur. Meanwhile, the pot smoker sits at home, laughing and talking with friends, too relaxed to fight and too mellow to look for his car keys. In all my years of life I have still not seen two pot smokers fighting and also very few auto accidents. And these are usually fender benders cause pot-smokers usually drive well under the speed limit, which is more than I can say for drinkers. I know why the government doesn't want pot-smokers. Cause it makes you think. The spectrum of truth and lies is placed before your intelligence. You are able to make decisions based on love and fairnes. But we don't want that in America. It was tried before and the system began to unravel. Where marijuana is, organized religion breaks down, and the unfairness of governments is exposed, something the Indains know about. We don't want that in the USA. ( Full Answer )
No. Civil rights refer to the protection of unequal treatment or discrimination based on race, sex, age, sexual orientation, etc. Civil liberties, on the other hand, are universal freedoms given to all people by the Bill of Rights, the Constitution, and subsequent decisions by the court systems. Exa…mples of civil liberties are freedom of speech, religion, to bear arms, etc. ( Full Answer )
Civil liberties and civil rights are both essential to a civilized society. Now yes, there is a differences between them. Civil liberties are your natural rights that come from your humanity. They are your individual rights for example right to life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness, free speech …ect. When it comes to civil rights the question is how are these rights implemented into law. ( Full Answer )
First Amendment: Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and to petition the government. Second Amendment: Right to bear arms. Third Amendment: Prevents the government from quartering soldiers in private homes without consent of the owner. Fourth Amendment: Protects against se…arches and seizures without a warrant or probable cause. Some consider this a right to privacy, there is not even agreement in the Supreme Court that this is so. Fifth Amendment: Requires indictment by a grand jury to be tried for serious crimes. Gives the right to a jury trial. Gives the accused the right not to incriminate themselves. Prohibits double jeopardy Prohibits punishment without due process. Prohibits seizure of private property without just compensation or due process. Sixth Amendment: Right to speedy trial for criminal offenses. Right to legal counsel. Right of accused to subpoena witnesses. Right of accused to be notified of charges against them. Seventh Amendment: Right to trial by jury in civil cases Eighth Amendment Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment. Ninth Amendment States the Bill of Rights is not comprehensive and any right not outlined in the Constitution nor prohibited by the states are reserved for the people. Thirteenth Amendment: Slavery is abolished. Fourteenth Amendment: Guarantees equal protection under the law for all citizens. Fifteenth Amendment: Prohibits withholding the right to vote on the basis of race. Nineteenth Amendment: Prohibits the government from withholding the right to vote on the basis of sex. Twenty Fourth Amendment: Prohibits a poll tax Twenty Sixth Amendment: Guarantees all citizens at the age of 18 the right to vote. ( Full Answer )
He didn't actually, he just had an idea of class moral and what is good for the ruling class is referred to as ethical to it and inappropriate for oppressed ones or adversaries.
yes, according to civil liberites law, a state cannot reject ones right to vote on the basis of gender. yes, according to civil liberites law, a state cannot reject ones right to vote on the basis of gender. yes, according to civil liberites law, a state cannot reject ones right to vote on the bas…is of gender ( Full Answer )
The 13th and 14th Amendments give the federal government the power to protect all individuals from federal and state infringement of their civil rights. However, they do no give the federal government the power over discrimination comitted by private individuals or organizations.
Yes the Declaration of Independence lead to the Civil War because the sentiments said all men are equal...not women. Also not all men were equal. Slaves were treated like dogs and there were many debates on this; which includes the Compromise of 1850.
The Miranda warnings were mandated by the 1966 case of Miranda v. Arizona United States Supreme Court decision in as a means of protecting a criminal suspect's Fifth Amendment right to avoid coercive self-incrimination. The Fifth Amendment states: No person shall be held to answer for a cap…ital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. . The Supreme Court ruling stated:. ...The person in custody must, prior to interrogation, be clearly informed that he or she has the right to remain silent, and that anything the person says may be used against that person in court; the person must be clearly informed that he or she has the right to consult with an attorney and to have that attorney present during questioning, and that, if he or she is indigent, an attorney will be provided at no cost to represent him or her. ( Full Answer )
There is no difference between civil rights and civil liberties as both are granted by government. There is a glaring difference between rights and civil rights. Rights are inherent in people and preexist governments civil rights exist because of governments. Rights can not be taken away by governme…nts, they can only be denied or disparaged. Civil rights can be taken away by governments and there is no denial or disparagement simply revocation. Civil rights are paper rights protected by paper tigers. Rights, real rights are those rights protected by the blood, sweat and tears of true warriors. Governments will do their best to reign in the freedom of the people. How successful those governments can be, depends entirely upon the people. Civil liberties are rights are freedoms given to the people by thefirst amendment of the constitution. ( Full Answer )
Civil Rights became a part of the U.S. Constitution in 1868 when the 14th amendment was adopted. The 14th amendment grantees each citizen "equal protection of the laws".
U. S. Constitution was influenced by Edward Coke who emphasized theimportance of civil liberties. The Bill of Rights is especiallyfocused on protecting civil liberties by listing ideals such asfreedom of speech, separation of church and state, and the right totrial. These rights cannot be hindered o…r manipulated by thegovernment. ( Full Answer )
The Constitutional basis for your civil rights comes from The Billof Rights. These are the first ten amendments to the U. S.Constitution delineating specific rights that are reserved for U.S. citizens and residents.
Like the federal and many state constitutions, the constitution ofMassachusetts outlines certain rights. These include the pursuit ofhappiness, freedom of religion, and the right to own and protectproperty.
civil liberties typically focus on freedom and due process outlined in the Bill of Rights where civil rights concern the equal status and treatment of individuals.
Yes. If he chooses not to testify, that is his right. The strategy being; that if he does not give 'direct' testimony, he then avoids being available to the plaintiff's attorney for "cross-examination."
America is sat on old ideas so for us to change these ideas we have to open our minds to new ideas and new ways. America has came to this place in time faster than any other coutry because that's waht we were built on the civil right of every person but we have had other challenges but we get there.… ( Full Answer )
The Declaration of Independence lists life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness as unalienable rights. The Constitution lists certain rights, but they aren't unalienable. For instance, the second amendment grants one the right to bear arms, but someone who is convicted of a violent felony or who i…s mentally unstable may be denied the right to purchase and possess guns. The wording of the Declaration of Independence draws heavily from the French Revolution, where the battle cry was liberty, equality, fraternity. Equality, however, was especially problematic for the signers of the Declaration of Independence, as many of them owned multiple slaves. This continued to be a problem at the Constitution Convention, where 28 of the 55 delegates had multiple slaves, some having slaves numbering in the hundreds. Further comments: . I believe you are referring to the first sentence within the second paragraph of The Declaration of Independence, which reads (bold emphasis is mine): . We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness . That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. As this document was issued by the Continental Congress before the Revolutionary War, these sentences provide no specific guarantees to American citizens, but the point can be made that these words clearly express the founders intent. The statement also notes that these rights are bestowed by "the Creator", and not by government. . As far as the constitution goes, there are ten rights enumerated in the Bill of Rights, which are the first ten amendments to the Constitution of The United States; the Bill of Rights are: â¢ First Amendment - Establishment Clause, Free Exercise Clause; freedom of speech, of the press, Freedom of Religion, and of assembly; right to petition. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. â¢ Second Amendment - Militia (United States), Sovereign state, Right to keep and bear arms. A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the People to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. â¢ Third Amendment - Protection from quartering of troops. No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. â¢ Fourth Amendment - Protection from unreasonable search and seizure. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. â¢ Fifth Amendment - due process, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, eminent domain. No person shall be held to answer for any capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. â¢ Sixth Amendment - Trial by jury and rights of the accused; Confrontation Clause, speedy trial, public trial, right to counsel In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district where in the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense. â¢ Seventh Amendment - Civil trial by jury. In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law. â¢ Eighth Amendment - Prohibition of excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. â¢ Ninth Amendment - Protection of rights not specifically enumerated in the Bill of Rights. The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. â¢ Tenth Amendment - Powers of States and people. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. ( Full Answer )
Primary sources of civil rights law include the first tenamendments to the U.S. Constitution (the "Bill of Rights"), as wellas a number of important pieces of federal legislation passed inrecent decades. Constitutional rights are rights given or reservedto the people by the U.S. Constitution, and in… particular, the Billof Rights (first ten amendments). So, you can see the correlation. ( Full Answer )
Civil liberties are rights protected by the constitution againstgovernment action, such as freedom of religion and freedom ofspeech. Civil rights are rights that protect against discriminationof another person do to race, sex, or sexual orientation.
The Declaration of Independence was written predominantly by Thomas Jefferson. although there were four other men on the committee: Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Roger Sherman, and Robert Morris. Thomas Jefferson was NOT part of the Constitution committee; he was in France at the time. The attached… link is part of the US government archives and lists the men who were part of the Constitution Committee. James Madison and Governeur Morris predominated. James Madison worked on the Bill of Rights. Many of his ideas were based on earlier work by George Mason. See attached link on the Bill of Rights. ( Full Answer )
The Constitution really grants us zero liberties or rights. It acknowledges that we are born with certain rights and that the Government is not supposed to limit or take away from those rights. The Constitution grants the Government certain limited rights over us to make a civil and useful societ…y. Other then those limitations we allow the Government to have under the constitution, we are free to do what we wish. The Constitution gives our Government certain (very limited) rights and liberties. We have chosen to allow our Government to have these rights to allow for a working society. ( Full Answer )
Freedom of thought, belief, expression, and assembly; protection against \nunreasonable searches and seizures; and provisions for a court hearing prior to \ngovernment taking of a person's life, liberty, or property.
Yes. But this would not protect the person who goes beyond the limits in the US Constitution from prosecution in Federal Court. What the states may not do is impose more restrictive limits on civil liberties or civil rights than those in the US Constitution.
Yes, the constitution acts as a restriction on government from violating liberties (thought) to be held naturally by every person.
These are stated in the Bill of Rights, the first 10 amendments. They include freedom of speech, religion and petition, the right to a militia (bear and hold arms) , conditions for quartering soldiers, right of search and seizure regulations (warrants and just cause), prosecution provisions (right t…o face your accuser, right to withhold information incriminating your self, Habeus Corpus, innocent until proven guilty) speedy trial, jury of your peers and protection from cruel and unusual punishment. The rest is about the construction of the Constitution (elastic clause) and states rights. Another I forget the name of is when you do something that isn't illegal until after you do it you can't be tried. ( Full Answer )
Well they both state citizen rights of people. There was a big history of human rightsof black and whites. im sorry if i didnt give enough information! im only in 6th grade! -Elain Fredricksona
Executive orders have allowed presidents to suspend civil rights or liberties, such as when F.D.R. ordered the internment of Japanese Americans after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Moreover, Abraham Lincoln was able to suspend habeus corpus in Maryland during the Civil War.
Hmmm Dunno don't care ask sum1 dat does care I don't even understand da words....
1. It appeared to set an example of a just secession. 2. Its protection of property was assumed to include slave property, when the Dred Scott case came before the Supreme Court. The Court then declared that slavery was protected throughout the US.
When denying freedom to the slave Dred Scott in 1857, the Chief Justice, Roger Taney, declared that signatories of the Declaration would have classified slaves as property, and that their ownership by their masters was sacred and inviolable. This verdict was highly controversial, driving the two se…ctions further apart, and helped to stoke up the atmosphere for civil war. ( Full Answer )
civil liberties typically focus on freedom and due process outlined in the Bill of Rights where civil rights concern the equal status and treatment of individuals. .
No, the Declaration of Independence declared that we were an independent country/ independent colonies. It was written after the Revolutionary War, at least 100 years before the U.S. Civil War.
No. The Declaration of Independence was written after the AmericanRevolution and announced the separation of the colonies fromEngland and the formation of the United States of America.
The federal government is obliged by many constitutional provisions to respect the individual citizen's basic rights. Some civil liberties were specified in the original document, notably in the provisions guaranteeing the writ of habeas corpus and trial by jury in criminal cases (Article III, S…ection 2) and forbidding bills of attainder and ex post facto laws (Article I, Section 9). But the most significant limitations to government's power over the individual were added in 1791 in the Bill of Rights . The Constitution's First Amendment guarantees the rights of conscience, such as freedom of religion , speech , and the press , and the right of peaceful assembly and petition . Other guarantees in the Bill of Rights require fair procedures for persons accused of a crime-such as protection against unreasonable search and seizure , compulsory self-incrimination , double jeopardy , and excessive bail -and guarantees of a speedy and public trial by a local, impartial jury before an impartial judge and representation by counsel. Rights of private property are also guaranteed. Although the Bill of Rights is a broad expression of individual civil liberties, the ambiguous wording of many of its provisions-such as the Second Amendment 's right "to keep and bear arms" and the Eighth Amendment 's prohibition of "cruel and unusual punishments"-has been a source of constitutional controversy and intense political debate. Further, the rights guaranteed are not absolute, and there has been considerable disagreement about the extent to which they limit governmental authority. The Bill of Rights originally protected citizens only from the national government. For example, although the Constitution prohibited the establishment of an official religion at the national level, the official state-supported religion of Massachusetts was Congregationalism until 1833. Thus, individual citizens had to look to state constitutions for protection of their rights against state governments. The Fourteenth Amendment ( Full Answer )
At Montgomery, Alabama. On Feb. 4, 1861 a Convention of the delegates of the seven seceded States met there and decided to draw up a new Constitution. The document was presented to the assembly and approved on Feb. 7, 1861, giving birth to the Confederate States of America (CSA)
we the people of the United States whom are citizen of this great nation have unaliable rights which NO ONE can take away. those are the right of life,liberty , and the persuit of hapiness
There are many definitions given about this difference, and in manycountries, laws and comments the terms are used in different ways.Wikipedia for one mentions 'freedom of speech' at the same timeunder 'civil rights' and under 'civil liberties'. But you could saythat civil rights are general rules a…nd freedoms that apply to any-and everybody in the same way, and that civil liberties are (often)specific rules and freedoms that apply to specific situations. ( Full Answer )
No person shall be held to answer for a capital crime unlessindicted by the Grand Jury
The Bill of Rights establishes the idea that citizens should befree from the unnecessary government control. It defines specificrights to which all people are entitled.