Total or Mechanical Incorporation (sometimes also called complete incorporation), which was championed by Justice Hugo Black. The US Supreme Court uses "selective incorporation," however.
For more information, see Related Questions, below.
The Fourth Amendment means that no one can search you, your home, or your personal property without a warrant, unless their reason is justified. (reasonable)
There are exceptions to the "personal" extent of the amendment, such as suspicious activity, commission of a crime, or making threats against others. Your home may be entered without a warrant only if circumstances lead the police to believe that someone is in imminent danger, or is becoming the victim of a violent crime.
unnecessary searches and seizures of property or belonging (aplus) :) you're welcome!
What impact does terrorism and cybercrimes have on interpreting the fourth amendment
The Texas Bill of Rights and the U.S. Bill of Rights contrast in that the U.S. includes the Bill of Rights only as an addendum in the first ten amendments. Texas places it's Bill of Rights in the beginning of Article I.
Texas changes the order of its Rights significantly and goes on to include the perceived dangers of the time, such as the threat of the national government. Since Texas did not trust the government they added protections from the government in the Bill of Rights.
institutions and the perpetuity of the Union depend upon the preservation of the right of local self-government unimpaired to all the States." [Article I,
the inalienable right to alter, reform or abolish their government in such
manner as they may think expedient" [Article I, Section 2]
compact, have equal rights and no man, or set of men, is entitled to exclusive
separate public emoluments, or privileges, but in consideration of public
services." [Article I, Section 3]
The Second Amendment allows one to protect themselves should their home or family be threatened. It also may be necessary should our country be invaded and it becomes necessary for the American people to join forces with the military to protect what is ours.
Both were made to give the people their freedom.The declaraition declared it, the bill of rights protected it.
Among gay men, piercing the left nipple only or tattooing an armband on the left upper arm only, can be perceived as a statement that the wearer is a top or dominant, meaning that sexually he is anally insertive and orally passive (he receives oral from his partner). In the context of someone who is into B&D or S&M, it means that they are the dominant partner in sexual activities and function as the master, daddy or sir. A gay man who has pierced his right nipple only or has tattooed an armband on only his right upper arm, can be perceived as the bottom or submissive, meaning that sexually he is the anally receptive partner and orally active (he gives oral to his partner). In the B&D and S&M subculture, it means that they are the submissive partner in sex, and function as the slave or boy.
The origin or left/right can possibly be attributed to the following:
The wearing of various colored bandanas around the neck was common in the mid and late nineteenth century among cowboys, steam railroad engineers, and miners in the Western United States. It is thought that the wearing of bandanas by gay men originated in San Francisco after the Gold Rush, when, because of a shortage of women, men dancing with each other in square dances developed a code where the man wearing the blue bandana took the male part in the square dance, and the man wearing the red bandana took the female part (these bandanas were usually worn around the arm or hanging from the belt or in the back pocket of one's jeans). The modern-day version of this Bandana Code or Hanky Code actually originates back to the 70s when the New York City newspaper, the Village Voice, published an article suggesting that it would be easier for gay men in the Village to pick each other up if they didn't only have to rely on wearing their keys in their back pockets, left to denote active, right passive. The feature suggested that they should all get down to the surplus store at the intersection of Christopher and Washington Streets where they could buy color-coded Levi's bandanas. Although it was originally said in a sarcastic manner, the gay community took the recommendation to heart, not only in New York, but eventually across the globe. Although the code isn't as strong as it once was, it still exists in some circles.
Any senator or Representative can draw up a bill.
most of the time an administrative agency will draw up a bill and interest group will have a hand in this. but only a member of congress can introduce a bill to their house. in which case they become the bill sponser.
You can read the Bill of Rights' exact wording at the link below.
They are fundamental and spelled out or enumerated.
-guarantees freedom of religion
-freedom of speech
-freedom to press
-assembly (the social act of assembling)
"they demanded the right to assembly"
-the right of people to petition the government (criticize the government)
In the colonies, smuggling rather than seditious libel afforded the leading examples of the necessity for protection against unreasonable searches and seizures
"In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense. "
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.
See the link below.
The bill of rights are just the first ten amendments to the U.S Constitution.
1. Freedom of speech, press, religion, and freedom to strike or petition.
2. The right to bear arms.
3. No soldier can force themselves into someones home to stay there.
4. Protection from unreasonable search or seizure.
5. No person may be compelled to testify against himself and that no person may be tried for a second time on a charge for which has already been acquitted.
6. Trial by jury, right to a speedy trial, public trial, right to counsel.
7. Civil trial by jury.
8. Prohibition to excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment.
9. Protection of rights not specifically enumerated in the bill of rights.
10. Power of states and people.
U.S. Const., Amend. IV:
"The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."
- proscribes unlawful searches and seizures
- establishes probable cause requirement supporting the issuance of warrants
- establishes particularity requirement as to the content of warrants
It was signed by people that wanted those rights.There were more people that wanted those rights than the ones who thought it would be used against them. Ex.: The Federalists.
The first amendment prohibits congress from passing a law regulating speech. The prohibition is on congress, not on anyone else. Thus, your speech is not protected. If you use your speech to incite a riot, to lead a rebellion, or to slander someone, you can suffer the consequences. Still, your act must be illegal. Your slander must be a lie. You do not commit slander if what you say is true. If you yell fire and the building is not burning and you cause a stampede, you have committed a crime. If the building is burning, you have not committed a crime. Untruthful speech is not protected.
There are 5 freedoms guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.
The Freedom of Speech
The Freedom of Press
The Freedom of Assembly
The Freedom of Petition
The Freedom of Religion
The First Amendment freedom to lobby for laws and policies that affect them is called freedom to petition.
Madison, the president
so that no one can say we dont have a righteous government. wich we dont. so the added it so they can cover their butts not ours. how many times have YOUR rights been violated?? get the picture..just like the second ammendment. every man has the right to bear arms but yet ive gotta go to trial for carrying one.
The third amendment protects people from having to quarter soldiers.
Yes I would...if you understand the reason Alexander Hamilton, wanted to put into effect the Bill of Rights. He felt that human rights were "not specifically defined." Although there were arguments from James Madison, that the Constitution was clear on these rights, and did not need amended. However, Hamilton insisted, that it needed to be clearly stated. Madison was afraid that by "Amending" the Constitution, it would lead to further amendments, that would "change" the initial meaning of the Constitution.