What led the newspapers to speak of Bleeding Kansas in 1856?
fighting between pro-slavery and antislavery forces
Kansas was a new state, and Congress had allowed the local population to vote whether it should be slave or free. ('Popular Sovereignty') This attracted every bully-boy from both sides to cross into the state and intimidate voters. There was much bloodshed, and 'Bleeding Kansas' is viewed as a curtain-raiser for the Civil War.
Who led the group of antislavery supporters who were involved in the Pottawatomie Massacre in Kansas in 1856?
Prior to Kansas joining the Union, the Kansas Territory was a hotbed of violence and chaos between anti-slavery and pro-slavery settlers. Kansas was known as Bleeding Kansas as these forces collided over the issue of slavery in the United States. The term "Bleeding Kansas" was coined by Republican Horace Greeley, editor of the New York Tribune.
Organized as a territory by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, Kansas became a virtual battleground for free and slave fractions (1854-1859) because it bordered on the slave state of Missouri and harbored many slaveholders as well as Yankee free-staters. On May 25, 1856, the militant abolitionist JOHN BROWN led a raid against proslavery supporters at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas, killing five persons: James Doyle and his two sons, Allen Wilkinson, and William Sherman, all proslavery partisans…
This was the terrorist campaign caused by the mistaken idea of letting each new state vote on whether to be slave or free. When Kansas became the first state to vote, all the bully-boys on both sides descended on the state to intimidate voters and try to cause chaos by declaring results to be rigged.