Asked in Ancient Religions
What religions believe in the goddess Sophia?
March 30, 2014 8:37PM
Sophia is the Greek word for 'Wisdom', but the pagan Greeks never worshipped Sophia. Lady Wisdom was a spirit/goddess of the post-exilic, second-Temple period of Judaism, attested in the Book of Proverbs (eg Proverbs 1:20ff: "Wisdom crieth without; she uttereth her voice in the streets:She crieth in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, saying, How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge? Turn you at my reproof: behold, I will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you. Because I have called, and ye refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded; But ye have set at nought all my counsel, and would none of my reproof: I also will laugh at your calamity...") I will mock when your fear cometh; and a number of non-scriptural Jewish writings of the period. Although Proverbs is still canonical, there is no suggestion that Lady Wisdom is now worshipped in Judaism.
Sophia, or 'Wisdom' is mentioned in the Christian gospels, but ignored by modern readers. She was particularly important in early gnostic Christianity.