You can easily calculate that by referring to the Nautical Almanac, the table of data used by celestial navigators. It happens at a different time each day, because the Moon circles around the Earth.
Firs of all, as seen from most of the earth's surface, the moon is never straight
for the same reason that the sun isn't, but let's not go into that right now.
The moon appears full when it's exactly opposite the sun in the sky, so it lags
the sun's position by 12 hours.
Full Moon rises . . . sunset
Full Moon sets . . . sunrise
Full Moon highest in the sky . . . midnight
Pretty much so, yes.In exact and precise terms, the Moon is "full" at a specific MOMENT each month, when the Moon is on the opposite side of the Earth from the Sun. (If it were EXACTLY opposite, we would have a lunar eclipse.) But in the 3 hours that it takes for the Earth to spin from "the Moon overhead of New York" to "the Moon overhead from California", the Moon doesn't move along in its orbit by more than a degree or so.So if the Moon is EXACTLY full when it is overhead New York, it will be fractionally past the full by the time the Earth spins enough so that the Moon is straight up from California. But nobody can see the difference between the "Moon at the full" and "the Moon at 3 hours past the full"; the difference is too tiny to be noticed.
the new moon is directly overhead at 12 noon.
midnight.tilting to be 3:00 or 4:00 in midnight.
The moon appears full when it's exactly opposite the sun in the sky, so it lags the sun's position by 12 hours. Full Moon rises . . . sunset Full Moon sets . . . sunrise Full Moon highest in the sky . . . midnight And, by the way, if your latitude is more than about 29 degrees, north or south, then the moon can never be 'overhead'.
If you mean in a straight line: the position changes all the time. At full moon or new moon, Earth, Sun, and Moon are more or less aligned. At other times they are not.
A full cycle - e.g., from full moon to full moon - is about 29 1/2 days. From new moon to full moon is half that time.A full cycle - e.g., from full moon to full moon - is about 29 1/2 days. From new moon to full moon is half that time.A full cycle - e.g., from full moon to full moon - is about 29 1/2 days. From new moon to full moon is half that time.A full cycle - e.g., from full moon to full moon - is about 29 1/2 days. From new moon to full moon is half that time.
On average, the Moon is visible at midnight about half of the time. At the first quarter, the Moon is just setting at midnight; at the full moon, the Moon is high overhead at midnight. At the 3rd quarter, the Moon is just rising at midnight.
A full moon happens when the earth is between the sun and the moon, around the time in the month when the three bodies come as close to a straight line as they can get. The plane that contains the earth's orbit is not the same plane that contains the moon's orbit. So the sun, earth and moon cannot form a straight line every month during the full moon. If there were a straight line formed every month, then there would be an eclipse of the moon during every full moon. When a full moon happens at one of the two 'nodes', where the moon's orbit passes through the earth's orbital plane, there will also be an eclipse of the moon that month. So, strange as it may seem, there are slight variations on the actual 'fullness' of full moons from month to month.
For a body to "transit" means that this body is passing our longitude; it is as near to straight-up as it is going to get. There's a special phrase for when the Sun transits; it is "high noon". If Moon is "in transit", then the Moon is pretty much straight up. If the Moon is precisely full, and straight up, then the Sun must be approximately opposite. So on the other side of the world, it is "high noon". So the time is midnight.
A lunar eclipse can only occur at the time of Full Moon.The eclipse is caused when the moon enters the earth's shadow. The shadow extends "straight" out behindthe earth, directly opposite the sun, so the moon must be directly "behind" the earth at the time of the eclipse.That's the position where the full lighted side of the moon is visible from earth, i.e. the time of the Full Moon.
At full moon, the Moon rises approximately at sunset.
That would place the moon 1/4 of a full sky away from the sun, but the Full Moon is fullonly because it's 1/2 of a full sky away from the sun. So when the moon is full, it must risefrom one horizon at the same time that the sun is setting at the opposite horizon.
Unless you live in the tropics, the Moon is _NEVER_ directly overhead. If that's you, then the 3rd quarter Moon, which rises about midnight and sets around noon, would be directly overhead at sunrise, perhaps once per decade.
Do you mean besides at night? The best observation time for any celestial body is when it is as close as possible to straight overhead. This is because there is less atmospheric distortion. When viewing straight up, you are looking through 5 or 10 miles of the thickest air. When looking at something on the horizion, you are looking through 100 miles of air, maybe more. If you are refering to the phases of the moon, you will see craters in the sharpest detail when they are right on the edge between the light and dark part of the moon. A full moon is interesting but does not show the detail of the craters due to a high glare factor. As the moon is going from new to full, you can go out ever night at about the same time and see totally different features.
The moon is a full circle during a full moon. A full moon is also the only time a lunar eclipse can occur.
A full moon rises at sunset.
29.531 days (rounded)
A full moon rises at sunset.
Here is a quick and dirty mental image: Imagine that the sun, earth and moon are moving in space, in that order (earth is between sun and moon). As long as they don't form a straight line, they define a unique plane in space. Most of the time, they do not form a straight line, even at the time of full moon and new moon. If they always formed a straight line at these times, there would be a lunar eclipse and a solar eclipse every month. Now imagine this plane that is formed by the three bodies. As the moon moves out with the earth between it and the sun, the lineformed by the three bodies is getting closer and closer to forming a 180 degree angle, or straight line. When that line is as straight as it is going to get during a given month, that is the time of the full moon. The line is straight (or very nearly so) only when there happens to be a lunar eclipse. The reason the line is not always straight for full moons and for new moons is because the plane containing the moon's orbit around the earth and the plane containing the earth's orbit around the sun are not the same plane. The moon's orbit is tilted as it relates to the plane containing the earth's orbit.
A full cycle (full moon to full moon) is about 29 1/2 days (on average); from new moon to full moon is - once again, on average - half that time.
At the time of Full Moon, Sun--Earth--Moon are lined up, in that order. The moon appears exactly opposite the sun in our sky. That's why, when we stand with our backs to the sun, we're looking straight at the entire illuminated half of the moon.
At the time of the Full Moon.
A full cycle, from one full moon to the next, is about 29 1/2 days. From new moon to full moon takes about half this time, on average.
The full moon is visible from about sunset until about sunrise.