Quantcast
answersLogoWhite
notificationBell
History of the United States
History of Europe
Native American History

What were communities like in America before European colonization?


Top Answer
User Avatar
Wiki User
Answered 2015-05-10 03:04:23

Humans are thought to have come to the North American continent from the "old" world from about 15,000 to 30,000 BCE. Paleo-Indians followed mega-fauna animals, like the woolly mammoth, for ages. After the decline of the ice-age animals, they started to settle and build communities based on agriculture. Some continued to be hunter gathers like the tribes on the plains, but most settled into communities that would equal those any where in the world. These communities would be called the Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian cultures of moundbuilders.

The Moundbuilding culture was vast and complex, and it was consider equal to Mayan, Aztec and Incan civilizations. For each moundbuilder chiefdom, populations varied from 100,000 to no more than a dozen. The moundbuilders, similar to the Nazca lines in South America, created shapes and animals that could be seen from the sky. The moundbuilders used what was readily available to them-- the earthen soil and the woods. Although many believe that the societies were a "stone age" culture, evidence of copper engravings have been found making them a "Copper Age" culture. Pottery was used to store prepared food making larger cities viable.

One of the largest Native American cities was Cahokia. It was located near present day St. Louis Missouri. Cahokia was larger than London, England in the 1400s with an high end estimate of 100,000. The homes were typically made of logs and thatched roofs of long blades of grass. Some of the larger homes stood 3 to 5 stories. Some historians believe the Mondbuilders had cities located through out the Eastern half of the United States. Most cities and villages were located on waterways (considered their "interstates") and was the easiest means of transportation via canoes which could be any where from a few feet to 100 feet long. Trade among various communities was extensive as evidence suggests sea shells from the Gulf of Mexico made it as far as the great lakes region and beyond.

Agriculture was based on the main three: Maize (corn), Squash, and Beans. Their diet also consisted of nuts, berries, and meats from various wild animals like fish, deer and buffalo. The dog was the main domesticated animal and served as a beast of burden and alerted communities of danger. Although the wheel was known in Central America, it wasn't developed enough in the New World.

The Moundbuilder's religion is believed to have centered around the sun. The sun was considered to be the channel to god and camp fires were a direct link to the sun as a representative.

Language also varied from each city, community, and village centers. There is no evidence of a developed written language although symbols and drawings are found on pottery, stone disks, badly detoriated wooden figures, and sea shells. These symbols and drawings may have served as informational stores rather than decrorative purposes.

After the decline of these complex ceremonial centers, larger groups divided and became many of the tribes we know today.

001
๐Ÿ™๐Ÿฟ
0
๐Ÿคจ
0
๐Ÿ˜ฎ
0
๐Ÿ˜‚
0
User Avatar

Your Answer

Still Have Questions?

Related Questions


What type of government did the igbo people have before European colonization?

They didn't have a government but were in individual communities. By the mid 20th century they had developed a ethnic identity .


What is the historical term given to the people who inhabitated north America prior to European colonization and after?

The peoples that inhabited the Western Hemisphere before and after the colonization of both North and South America are referred to as Native Americans.


Did native americans know iron before the europeon colonization?

Native Americans knew iron before the European colonization.


What is the oldest city in America?

By America, am I safe in assuming that you mean the United States of America? If so, then the oldest European occupied city (there were Native American cities dating back to before European colonization) is: San Juan, Puerto Rico ( founded 1521)


What was chad like before European colonization?

Poor country... A lot of slavery.


Why did Japan escape colonization by European nations?

They had prepared quickly before they were invaded.


What is Aboriginal people?

Aboriginal people are people before colonization, normally called indigenous people. Term "Aboriginal" is normally applied to people who inhabited Australia before European colonization.


What was the impact of the spanish armada on European colonization?

There was no impact. It was BEFORE the English began to have colonies in the 1600's.


Did native americans know iron before the europeon colonization-?

No, because they were isolated, Native Americans did not know of the use of iron before the European colonization. People in Europe, Africa, and Asia found many uses for iron long before Native Americans.


Is colonization important?

Before of being important, colonization is inevitable.


What has the author G Vandesanden written?

G. Vandesanden has written: 'Pleading Before the Court of Justice of the European Communities'


Did the US win the war of Roses?

The War of the Roses was a civil war in England that happened before the colonization of America. So, no.


Was Leif Erickson the first European to discover America?

He was the first European to land in America. It had been spotted years before by a Viking named Bjarni Herjolfs.


What are the top oldest cities in America?

By America, am I safe in assuming that you mean the United States of America? If so, then the five oldest European occupied cities (there were Native American cities dating back to before European colonization) are: San Juan, Puerto Rico (1521) Pensicola, Florida (1559 destroyed, then refounded 1698) St Augustine, Florida (1565) Jamestown, Virginia (1607) Santa Fe, New Mexico (1607)


What are the 5 oldest cities in America?

By America, am I safe in assuming that you mean the United States of America? If so, then the five oldest European occupied cities (there were Native American cities dating back to before European colonization) are: San Juan, Puerto Rico (1521) Pensicola, Florida (1559 destroyed, then refounded 1698) St Augustine, Florida (1565) Jamestown, Virginia (1607) Santa Fe, New Mexico (1607)


Do New Zealand aboriginals still live the way they used to before English colonization?

No they don't. They have adopted European style houses, clothes etc


What were the civilizations of mexico and central and south america before pre-european?

Aztecs - Central MexicoMayans - Southern Mexico and Central AmericaIncas - Peru


What is precolonial?

time before colonization


What was life like in north America before the European settlers arrived?

there were indians living there before they were enslaved by columbus



What was Uruguay's first known inhabitants?

The only documented inhabitants of Uruguay before European colonization of the area were the Charrua, a small tribe driven south by the Guaraní of Paraguay.


What was America called before the European arrived here?

It was called the North Gate by ancient Africans



First european to set foot in north america?

A viking from before recorded history


Still have questions?

Trending Questions
What are fat burning foods? Asked By Wiki User
What is half of 16? Asked By Wiki User
Do potatoes have genders? Asked By Wiki User
Unanswered Questions
Does arsenio hall have ms? Asked By Wiki User