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2013-03-27 15:52:08
2013-03-27 15:52:08

Many laws were implemented into the South African constitution for the benefit of the Apartheid system. The main objective was to drive non whites into small areas of the country leaving majority of the fertlie country for people of European descent only.

Some of the laws are listed below. This information is from

The principal "apartheid laws" were as follows:

  • An amendment to the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act of 1949 prohibited marriage between persons of different races.
  • An amendment to the Immorality Act of 1950 made sexual relations with a person of a different race a criminal offence.
  • The Population Registration Act of 1950 formalised racial classification and introduced an identity card for all persons over the age of eighteen, specifying their racial group.
  • The Suppression of Communism Act of 1950 banned the South African Communist Party and any other political party that the government chose to label as 'communist'. It made membership in the SACP punishable by up to ten years imprisonment.
  • The Riotous Assemblies Act of 1956 prohibited disorderly gatherings.
  • The Unlawful Organisations Act of 1960 outlawed certain organisation that were deemed threatening to the government.
  • The Sabotage Act was passed 1962, the General Law Amendment Act in 1966, the Terrorism Act in 1967 and the Internal Security Act in 1976.
  • The Group Areas Act, passed on 27 April 1950, partitioned the country into different areas, with different areas allocated to different racial groups. This law was the basis upon which political and social separation was constructed.
  • The Bantu Authorities Act of 1951 created separate government structures for blacks. It was the first piece of legislation established to support the government's plan of separate development in the Bantustans.
  • The Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act of 1951 allowed the government to demolish black shackland slums.
  • The Native Building Workers Act and Native Services Levy of 1951 forced white employers to pay for the construction of housing for black workers recognized as legal residents in 'white' cities.
  • The Reservation of Separate Amenities Act of 1953 prohibited people of different races from using the same public amenities, such as restaurants, public Swimming Pools, and restrooms.
  • The Bantu Education Act of 1953 crafted a separate system of education for African students under the Department of "Bantu" Education.
  • The Bantu Urban Areas Act of 1954 curtailed black migration to cities.
  • The Mines and Work Act of 1956 formalised racial discrimination in employment.
  • The Promotion of Black Self-Government Act of 1958 entrenched the NP's policy of separate development and created a system of nominally independent "homelands" for black people.
  • Instead of all Native delegate systems founded under the Natives Representative Act of 1936, schemes for "self-governing Bantu units" were proposed. These national units were to have substantial administrative powers which would be decentralised to each "Bantu" unit and which would ultimately have autonomy and the hope of self-government. These national units were identified as North-Sotho, South-Sotho, Tswana, Zulu, Swazi, Xhosa, Tsonga and Venda. In later years, the Xhosa national unit was broken further down into the Transkei and Ciskei. The Ndebele national unit was also added later after its "discovery" by the apartheid government. The government justified its plans on the basis that South Africa was made up of different "nations", asserting that "(the) government's policy is, therefore, not a policy of discrimination on the grounds of race or colour, but a policy of differentiation on the ground of nationhood, of different nations, granting to each self-determination within the borders of their homelands - hence this policy of separate development".
  • The Bantu Investment Corporation Act of 1959 set up a mechanism to transfer capital to the homelands in order to create employment there.
  • The Extension of University Education Act of 1959 created separate universities for blacks, coloureds and Indians. Under this act, existing universities were not permitted to enroll new black students. Fort Hare University in the Ciskei (now Eastern Cape) was to register only Xhosa-speaking students. Sotho, Tswana, Pedi and Venda speakers were placed at the newly-founded University College of the North at Turfloop, while the University College of Zululand was launched to serve Zulu scholars. Coloureds and Indians were to have their own establishments in the Cape and Natal respectively.
  • The Physical Planning and Utilisation of Resources Act of 1967 allowed the government to stop industrial development in 'white' cites and redirect such development to homeland border areas.
  • The Black Homeland Citizenship Act of 1970 marked a new phase in the Bantustan strategy. It changed the status of the black so that they were no longer citizens of South Africa, but became citizens of one of the ten autonomous territories. The aim was to ensure whites became the demographic majority within South Africa by having all ten Bantustans choose "independence". Not all the homelands chose to become self-governing. Those who did choose autonomy were the Transkei (1976), Bophuthatswana (1977), Venda (1979) and the Ciskei (1981).
  • The Afrikaans Medium Decree of 1974 required the use of Afrikaans and English on an equal basis in high schools outside the homelands.

Related Questions

AN oil embargo helped end apartheid in South Africa. Another thing that helped end apartheid was that in 1991 the South African government repealed apartheid laws.

apartheid was made in South Africa while Segregation was being made here in the U.S.A

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helloAfrica has a poor education, still ten years after apartheid was supposedly over. Sadly laws can't remove apartheid for the harts of humans. Until the government of South Africa can get resources to schools and improve jobs there will only be slight changes made to the school system there.

In the US, 'Jim Crow.' In South Africa, apartheid.

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The word apartheid (separateness) was first used in 1943, but the concept had existed from the 17th century in South Africa with its rigid segregation. From 1948, it was expressed in different laws.

Apartheid was established by the national list government of South Africa as a means of subjegating any non-white peoples of the country. It was established through both political and judicial means and enforced by the South African police force as well as the Army when required. The system of apartheid was a gross violation of human rights and while not supported by all white people in South Africa was nonetheless enforced by the government of the time.Apartheid in its most basic translation means "to keep apart" or to "separate". It is worth noting that other countries including the United States of America, England, Australia, and others followed apartheid practices at one point in their history even though they did not use the same name or necessarily have their policies enshrined in their laws.AnswerPlease also note that apartheid was not just in South Africa. 2 other South African nations, Zimbabwe and Namibia, were run under an apartheid system till they became independent both within the last 3 decades. AnswerBelieve it or not, but the initial idea with apartheid was in fact to build a stable South Africa. The basic idea was to have the different ethnic groups ruled by their own people in their own region (note: as stated above "Apartheid" means to 'separate'). And a lot of the Apartheid laws were aimed prevent these 'homelands' from collapsing. But very quickly after the idea was proposed, Kenya suffered the Mau Mau Revolt and focus of Apartheid was shifted to rather prevent something similar in South Africa as well. Thus it ended up as we know it today.Answer #3 this is what the gov told the world- it wasn't the reality

The US had nothing to do with the creation of South Africa's electoral system, which was established when South Africa became a British Dominion (like Canada or Australia) in 1910. South Africa has consistently been a democracy from that point onward and the US was wholly irrelevant in that process. While Apartheid existed from 1948-1992, this did not stop South Africa from being democratic; it is simply a question of limited suffrage. This is the same as the Southern US States under the Jim Crow Laws from the 1870s to the 1960s, which were still democratic, even though they had segregation laws.If by "democracy" you are are referring to the repeal of Apartheid in 1992, the main influence that the US exerted was economic pressure on South Africa by way of an embargo. The US also exerted some of its diplomatic influence to further isolate the Apartheid South African government.

Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela.

Apartheid was a way of segregating blacks and mixed races in South Africa in the 20th century. Apartheid was based on laws, such as those requiring blacks to carry identity passes at all times. Nelson Mandela became the face of anti-apartheid. After being jailed for nearly 30 years, Mandela eventually became the first black South African president after the public eventually gave way to human rights activists. Since then apartheid laws have been overturned.

Yes. Certain journalists were tortured for hanging certain printed pictures portraying life inside a confinement cell for Apartheid prisoners.

Nelson Mandela helped change the racial laws that governed South Africa. This was called apartheid, which rendered blacks as second class citizens. Along with F.W. De Klerk, the A.N.C, and other civic leaders, Mandela was instrumental in helping end apartheid. He also helped form a new multi-ethnic and democratic government in South Africa.

Kobe Briefly, in 1989 President FW De Klerk announced the repeal of various laws and the unbanning of political parties opposed to apartheid. Negotiations followed which led to South Africa's first democratic election in 1994.

The word "apartheid" means segregation. It commonly refers to the laws which governed the Republic of South Africa during the period from the 1950s up until 1990. Apartheid laws in South Africa favoured white supremacy and largely marginilised the non white communities. The apartheid era is famous for the oppression that was carried out on behalf of the state against South Africa's many anti-apartheid activists. Although apartheid formally ended in the early 1990s, the many legacies it left behind are still prevalent in South Africa and thus the term is still widely used in policy documents that aim to pave the way for a better South Africa. The term apartheid is often used to describe attempts by other states to achieve ethnic cleansing. Activists rely on the sympathy that the term invokes to win support in other parts of the world. Most recently, Palestinian rights groups have accused Israel of being guilty of apartheid. In other cases, human rights groups have accused Arab states of apartheid by treating Shiite and other minority sectarian groups as second class citizens.

he went to south africa to learn laws

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A Democratic Constitution set up by the outgoing government and the African National Congress became the basis for future rule.

Instutional racism is when racism is supported by the law or laws in a country or state. Segregation of various so-called races were enforced by the law in the southern part of the USA(Jim Crow Laws), in South Africa(Apartheid). These laws were enforced by public services such as the police, as well as the army(in South Africa).

Which apartheid laws were the most destructive?explain your answer

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