What were the major atrocities committed by Italy before and during World War 2?
By far the worst atrocities committed by Italy were during the
invasion of Abessinya (Ethiopia) when the Italian army used mustard
gas (!) against native African soldiers. In WW2 Italy didn't commit
atrocities, but I have heard it said that some Italian troops were
ill disciplined and treated prisoners of war badly, even cruelly.
There were several incidents of attrocities that were committed on
the Italian population by the German occupation forces. Most of
these attrocities were retaliation for partisan attacks on their
troops. In order to carry out these attrocities, they did get some
help from Italians who were either soldiers or polititians, ones
who were extreme Fascists. Here are some examples. Pietro Caruso -
Police Chief (Questore) of Rome. Executed on September 21, 1944 for
assisting the Germans with massacre at Ardeatine Cave. Nicola
Bellomo was an Italian General. After the war, he was tried for war
crimes for shooting escaped British POWs earlier in 1942 and was
executed on 11 September 1945. Oddly, in 1943 he was an
anti-Fascist and lead his army against the Germans and helped the
Allies capture the port of Bari.