What were the names of the crew members of Apollo 13?
The three members of the Apollo 13 were: (Commander) James A Lovell, (Lunar module pilot) Fred Haise, and (Command module pilot) John L 'Jack' Swigert. The command module pilot was originally Thomas 'Ken' Mattingly. However he was exposed to German Measles and so was unable to go on the mission. He was replaced by Jack Swigert.
Interestingly, Mattingly never did get German measles, but did play a very important role, along with many others, by working with ground crew to help them devise a plan to bring the crew back safely.
The backup crew for Apollo 11 was James Lovell (CDR), Fred Haise (LMP) and Ken Mattingly (CMP). They later became the prime crew for Apollo 13, though Mattingly was removed from the Apollo 13 crew a few days before launch due to exposure to measles. Jack Swigert, Apollo 13 backup CMP, replaced him. Mattingly later filled what would likely have been Swigert's originally-planned seat on Apollo 16.
Alan Shepard and his crew was supposed to fly Apollo 13, but he got an ear infection close to the launch, so the crew of Apollo 14 were moved up a place allowing Alan Shepard to fly Apollo 14. The reason the whole crew switched was because they trained with each other and were put together to compliment each others skills.
Well, The crew that was supposed to go on Apollo 13 was Alan Sheppard's crew, but he got an ongoing ear infection so he and his crew got bumped. Afterwards, Jim Lovell and his crew (Fred Haise, and Ken Mattingly) were assigned for the Apollo 13 mission, but because the doctors thought Ken Mattingly was going to have the measles, he got bumped from the mission and was replaced with Jack Swigert. Hope this helps…
No, they were not - the first moon landing left Cape Canaveral in Florida on 16th July, 1969 with the crew of Apollo 11 landing on the moon four days later. Between July 1969 and December 1972 there were (in total) six manned moon landings made by Apollo 11, Apollo 12, Apollo 14, Apollo 15, Apollo 16 and finally Apollo 17. Apollo 13 was forced to return to Earth when an explosion in the rocket…