When did the Irish immigrate to Australia?

The first Irish in Australia were prisoners who arrived in 1791, three years after the First Fleet. The largest influx of Irish immigrants came to the eastern states during the 1840s. They settled in New South Wales, especially around Boorowa, Victoria and Queensland (which was not then yet called Queensland, but part of NSW), and they even settled in the German communities of South Australia, such as Gawler. However, there were free Irish immigrants in Australia long before the 1840s. William Hovell, temperamental companion to the Australian explorer Hamilton Hume in 1824, was one such example.