Which of these organelles synthesizes lipids and carbohydrates?
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
The endoplasmic reticulum is an eukaryotic organelle that form a network of interconnected tubules, vesicle, and cisternae within cells. The rough endoplasmic reticulum synthesizes proteins. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum synthesizes lipids, steroids, metabolizes carbohydrates, and regulates calcium concentration.
Carbohydrates like sugars are poly alcohols while lipids are esters. Carbohydrates contain more oxygen compared to lipids. carbohydrates have much chemical energy compared to lipids. Carbohydrates are 6-carbon rings while lipids are multi-carbon chains Carbohydrates are water soluble while lipids are not water soluble Carbohydrates provide 4 calories per gram while lipids provide 9 calories per gram
The rough endoplasmic reticulum is considered to be in which general functional category of organelle?
When discussing pure carbohydrates, lipids, and protein: Amino acids contain Nitrogen and some contain sulphur which are not found in the strictest definition of carbohydrates and lipids. However carbohydrates and lipids can also combine with amino acids to form compounds like glycoproteins and ceramides.
List the biomolecules present in each of the organelles that are separated in the process of fractional centrifugation?
I'm not sure if this is what you're looking for, but if you're talking about what is the difference in what these molecules are made of, proteins have amino acids (that's what they're made of), and carbohydrates and lipids do not. Proteins also have a primary, secondary, and tertiary structure that is not present in carbohydrates and lipids. Carbohydrates are made of sugar, and lipids are made of fatty acids and glycerol. DL